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       Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data

         # if you are sure $data won't contain anything bogus

         use Encode;
         use Encode::Guess qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/;
         my $utf8 = decode("Guess", $data);
         my $data = encode("Guess", $utf8);   # this doesn't work!

         # more elaborate way
         use Encode::Guess;
         my $enc = guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);
         ref($enc) or die "Can't guess: $enc"; # trap error this way
         $utf8 = $enc->decode($data);
         # or
         $utf8 = decode($enc->name, $data)

       Encode::Guess enables you to guess in what encoding a
       given data is encoded, or at least tries to.

       By default, it checks only ascii, utf8 and UTF-16/32 with

         use Encode::Guess; # ascii/utf8/BOMed UTF

       To use it more practically, you have to give the names of
       encodings to check (suspects as follows).  The name of
       suspects can either be canonical names or aliases.

       CAVEAT: Unlike UTF-(16|32), BOM in utf8 is NOT AUTOMATI-

        # tries all major Japanese Encodings as well
         use Encode::Guess qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/;

       If the $Encode::Guess::NoUTFAutoGuess variable is set to a
       true value, no heuristics will be applied to UTF8/16/32,
       and the result will be limited to the suspects and

           You can also change the internal suspects list via
           "set_suspects" method.

             use Encode::Guess;
             Encode::Guess->set_suspects(qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);

           Or you can use "add_suspects" method.  The difference
           is that "set_suspects" flushes the current suspects

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           list while "add_suspects" adds.

             use Encode::Guess;
             Encode::Guess->add_suspects(qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);
             # now the suspects are euc-jp,shiftjis,7bit-jis, AND
             # euc-kr,euc-cn, and big5-eten
             Encode::Guess->add_suspects(qw/euc-kr euc-cn big5-eten/);

       Encode::decode("Guess" ...)
           When you are content with suspects list, you can now

             my $utf8 = Encode::decode("Guess", $data);

           But it will croak if:

           *   Two or more suspects remain

           *   No suspects left

           So you should instead try this;

             my $decoder = Encode::Guess->guess($data);

           On success, $decoder is an object that is documented
           in Encode::Encoding.  So you can now do this;

             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);

           On failure, $decoder now contains an error message so
           the whole thing would be as follows;

             my $decoder = Encode::Guess->guess($data);
             die $decoder unless ref($decoder);
             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);

       guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])
           You can also try "guess_encoding" function which is
           exported by default.  It takes $data to check and it
           also takes the list of suspects by option.  The
           optional suspect list is not reflected to the internal
           suspects list.

             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-jp euc-kr euc-cn/);
             die $decoder unless ref($decoder);
             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);
             # check only ascii and utf8
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data);

       o   Because of the algorithm used, ISO-8859 series and
           other single-byte encodings do not work well unless
           either one of ISO-8859 is the only one suspect
           (besides ascii and utf8).

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             use Encode::Guess;
             # perhaps ok
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, 'latin1');
             # definitely NOT ok
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, qw/latin1 greek/);

           The reason is that Encode::Guess guesses encoding by
           trial and error.  It first splits $data into lines and
           tries to decode the line for each suspect.  It keeps
           it going until all but one encoding is eliminated out
           of suspects list.  ISO-8859 series is just too suc-
           cessful for most cases (because it fills almost all
           code points in \x00-\xff).

       o   Do not mix national standard encodings and the corre-
           sponding vendor encodings.

             # a very bad idea
             my $decoder
                = guess_encoding($data, qw/shiftjis MacJapanese cp932/);

           The reason is that vendor encoding is usually a super-
           set of national standard so it becomes too ambiguous
           for most cases.

       o   On the other hand, mixing various national standard
           encodings automagically works unless $data is too
           short to allow for guessing.

            # This is ok if $data is long enough
            my $decoder =
             guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-cn
                                      euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis

       o   DO NOT PUT TOO MANY SUSPECTS!  Don't you try something
           like this!

             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data,

       It is, after all, just a guess.  You should alway be
       explicit when it comes to encodings.  But there are some,
       especially Japanese, environment that guess-coding is a
       must.  Use this module with care.

       Encode::Guess does not work on EBCDIC platforms.

       Encode, Encode::Encoding

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