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TTYNAME(3)                  BSD Programmer's Manual                 TTYNAME(3)

NAME
     ttyname, isatty, ttyslot - get name of associated terminal (tty) from
     file descriptor

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;unistd.h>&gt;

     char *
     ttyname(int fd);

     int
     isatty(int fd);

     int
     ttyslot();

DESCRIPTION
     These functions operate on the system file descriptors for terminal type
     devices. These descriptors are not related to the standard I/O FILE type-
     def, but refer to the special device files found in /dev and named
     /dev/ttyxx and for which an entry exists in the initialization file
     /etc/ttys. (See ttys(5).)

     The isatty() function determines if the file descriptor fd refers to a
     valid terminal type device.

     The ttyname() function gets the related device name of a file descriptor
     for which isatty() is true

     The ttyslot() function fetches the current process' control terminal num-
     ber from the ttys(5) file entry.

RETURN VALUES
     The ttyname() function returns the null terminated name if the device is
     found and isatty() is true; otherwise a NULL pointer is returned.

     The ttyslot() function returns the unit number of the device file if
     found; otherwise the value zero is returned.

FILES
     /dev/*
     /etc/ttys

SEE ALSO
     ioctl(2),  ttys(5)

HISTORY
     A isatty(), ttyname(), and ttyslot() function appeared in Version 7 AT&T
     UNIX.

BUGS
     The ttyname() function leaves its result in an internal static object and
     returns a pointer to that object. Subsequent calls to ttyname() will mod-
     ify the same object.

4.4BSD                           June 4, 1993                                1