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SEM_OPEN(3)                Linux Programmer's Manual               SEM_OPEN(3)

       sem_open - initialize and open a named semaphore

       #include <&lt;fcntl.h>&gt;           /* For O_* constants */
       #include <&lt;sys/stat.h>&gt;        /* For mode constants */
       #include <&lt;semaphore.h>&gt;

       sem_t *sem_open(const char *name, int oflag);
       sem_t *sem_open(const char *name, int oflag,
                       mode_t mode, unsigned int value);

       Link with -lrt or -pthread.

       sem_open()  creates  a  new  POSIX semaphore or opens an existing sema-
       phore.  The semaphore is identified by name.  For details of  the  con-
       struction of name, see sem_overview(7).

       The  oflag  argument  specifies flags that control the operation of the
       call.  (Definitions of the flags values can be  obtained  by  including
       &lt;fcntl.h&gt;.)   If  O_CREAT  is specified in oflag, then the semaphore is
       created if it does not already exist.  The owner (user ID) of the sema-
       phore  is  set  to  the  effective user ID of the calling process.  The
       group ownership (group ID) is set to the  effective  group  ID  of  the
       calling  process.   If  both O_CREAT and O_EXCL are specified in oflag,
       then an error is returned if a semaphore with the  given  name  already

       If O_CREAT is specified in oflag, then two additional arguments must be
       supplied.  The mode argument specifies the permissions to be placed  on
       the  new semaphore, as for open(2).  (Symbolic definitions for the per-
       missions bits can be obtained by including &lt;sys/stat.h&gt;.)  The  permis-
       sions  settings  are  masked  against the process umask.  Both read and
       write permission should be granted to each  class  of  user  that  will
       access  the  semaphore.  The value argument specifies the initial value
       for the new semaphore.  If O_CREAT is specified, and a  semaphore  with
       the given name already exists, then mode and value are ignored.

       On  success,  sem_open() returns the address of the new semaphore; this
       address is used when calling  other  semaphore-related  functions.   On
       error,  sem_open()  returns  SEM_FAILED, with errno set to indicate the

       EACCES The semaphore exists, but the caller does not have permission to
              open it.

       EEXIST Both O_CREAT and O_EXCL were specified in oflag, but a semaphore
              with this name already exists.

       EINVAL value was greater than SEM_VALUE_MAX.

       EMFILE The process already has the maximum number of files and open.

              name was too long.

       ENFILE The system limit on the total number  of  open  files  has  been

       ENOENT The  O_CREAT  flag  was not specified in oflag, and no semaphore
              with this name exists.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory.


       sem_close(3), sem_getvalue(3), sem_post(3), sem_unlink(3), sem_wait(3),

       This  page  is  part of release 3.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2008-05-29                       SEM_OPEN(3)