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REALPATH(3)                Library Functions Manual                REALPATH(3)

NAME
     realpath -- returns the canonicalized absolute pathname

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;sys/param.h>&gt;
     #include <&lt;stdlib.h>&gt;

     char *
     realpath(const char * restrict pathname, char * restrict resolvedname);

DESCRIPTION
     The realpath() function resolves all symbolic links, extra ``/''
     characters and references to /./ and /../ in pathname, and copies the
     resulting absolute pathname into the memory referenced by resolvedname.
     The resolvedname argument must refer to a buffer capable of storing at
     least MAXPATHLEN characters.

     The realpath() function will resolve both absolute and relative paths and
     return the absolute pathname corresponding to pathname.

RETURN VALUES
     If resolvednamed is NULL, it will be allocated and the returned pointer
     can be deallocated using free(3).  The realpath() function returns
     resolvedname on success.  If an error occurs, realpath() returns NULL,
     and resolvedname was not allocated by realpath, it will contain the
     pathname which caused the problem.

ERRORS
     The function realpath() may fail and set the external variable errno for
     any of the errors specified for the library functions chdir(2), close(2),
     fchdir(2), lstat(2), malloc(3), open(2), readlink(2) and getcwd(3).

SEE ALSO
     getcwd(3)

STANDARDS
     realpath() first appeared in X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4, Version 2
     (``XPG4.2'') and is part of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     The realpath() function call first appeared in 4.4BSD.  In NetBSD 7.0 the
     function was updated to accept a NULL pointer for the resolvedname
     argument.

BUGS
     This implementation of realpath() differs slightly from the Solaris
     implementation.  The 4.4BSD version always returns absolute pathnames,
     whereas the Solaris implementation will, under certain circumstances,
     return a relative resolvedname when given a relative pathname.

NetBSD 6.1.5                     June 21, 2012                    NetBSD 6.1.5