RADIXSORT(3) BSD Programmer's Manual RADIXSORT(3)
radixsort - radix sort
radixsort(u_char **base, int nmemb, u_char *table, u_int endbyte);
sradixsort(u_char **base, int nmemb, u_char *table, u_int endbyte);
The radixsort() and sradixsort() functions are implementations of radix
These functions sort an array of pointers to byte strings, the initial
member of which is referenced by base. The byte strings may contain any
values; the end of each string is denoted by the user-specified value
Applications may specify a sort order by providing the table argument.
If non-NULL, table must reference an array of UCHAR_MAX + 1 bytes which
contains the sort weight of each possible byte value. The end-of-string
byte must have a sort weight of 0 or 255 (for sorting in reverse order).
More than one byte may have the same sort weight. The table argument is
useful for applications which wish to sort different characters equally,
for example, providing a table with the same weights for A-Z as for a-z
will result in a case-insensitive sort. If table is NULL, the contents
of the array are sorted in ascending order according to the ASCII order
of the byte strings they reference and endbyte has a sorting weight of 0.
The sradixsort() function is stable, that is, if two elements compare as
equal, their order in the sorted array is unchanged. The sradixsort()
function uses additional memory sufficient to hold nmemb pointers.
The radixsort() function is not stable, but uses no additional memory.
These functions are variants of most-significant-byte radix sorting; in
particular, see D.E. Knuth's Algorithm R and section 5.2.5, exercise 10.
They take linear time relative to the number of bytes in the strings.
Upon successful completion 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and
the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
[EINVAL] The value of the endbyte element of table is not 0 or 255.
Additionally, the sradixsort() function may fail and set errno for any of
the errors specified for the library routine malloc(3).
Knuth, D.E., "Sorting and Searching", The Art of Computer Programming,
Vol. 3, pp. 170-178, 1968.
Paige, R., "Three Partition Refinement Algorithms", SIAM J. Comput., No.
6, Vol. 16, 1987.
McIlroy, P., "Computing Systems", Engineering Radix Sort, Vol. 6:1, pp.
The radixsort() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.
4.4BSD January 27, 1994 2