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PTHREAD_SPIN(3)            Library Functions Manual            PTHREAD_SPIN(3)

NAME
     pthread_spin -- spin lock interface

LIBRARY
     POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;pthread.h>&gt;

     int
     pthread_spin_init(pthread_spinlock_t *lock, int pshared);

     int
     pthread_spin_destroy(pthread_spinlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_spin_lock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_spin_trylock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_spin_unlock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock);

DESCRIPTION
     The pthread_spin_init() function is used to initialize a spin lock.  In
     the NetBSD implementation the pshared parameter is currently unused and
     all spin locks exhibit the PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED property, implying that
     all spin locks may be accessed by threads of multiple processes.  The
     results of calling pthread_spin_init() with an already initialized lock
     are undefined.

     The pthread_spin_destroy() function is used to destroy a spin lock
     previously created with pthread_spin_init().  It is undefined what
     happens if the function is called when a thread holds the lock, or if the
     function is called with an uninitialized spin lock.

     The pthread_spin_lock() function acquires a spin lock on lock, provided
     that lock is not presently held.  If the lock cannot be immediately
     acquired, the calling thread repeatedly retries until it can acquire the
     lock.  Undefined behavior may follow if the calling thread holds the lock
     at the time the call is made.

     The pthread_spin_trylock() function performs the same locking action, but
     does not block if the lock cannot be immediately obtained; if the lock is
     held, the call fails.

     The pthread_spin_unlock() function is used to release the read/write lock
     previously obtained by pthread_spin_lock() or pthread_spin_trylock().
     The results are undefined if the lock is not held by the calling thread.

RETURN VALUES
     If successful, all described functions return zero.  Otherwise an error
     number will be returned to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The pthread_spin_init() function shall fail if:

     [ENOMEM]           Insufficient memory exists to initialize the lock.

     The pthread_spin_init() function may fail if:

     [EINVAL]           The lock parameter was NULL or the pshared parameter
                        was neither PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED nor
                        PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE.

     The pthread_spin_destroy() function may fail if:

     [EBUSY]            The system has detected an attempt to destroy the
                        object referenced by lock while it is locked.

     [EINVAL]           The value specified by lock is invalid.

     The pthread_spin_trylock() function shall fail if:

     [EBUSY]            The lock could not be acquired because a writer holds
                        the lock or was blocked on it.

     The pthread_spin_lock() function may fail if:

     [EDEADLK]          The current thread already owns lock for writing.

     The pthread_spin_lock() and pthread_spin_trylock() functions may fail if:

     [EINVAL]           The value specified by lock is invalid.

     The pthread_spin_unlock() function may fail if:

     [EINVAL]           The value specified by lock is invalid.

SEE ALSO
     pthread(3), pthread_barrier(3), pthread_cond(3), pthread_mutex(3),
     pthread_rwlock(3)

STANDARDS
     These functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

CAVEATS
     Applications using spin locks are vulnerable to the effects of priority
     inversion.  Applications using real-time threads (SCHED_FIFO), (SCHED_RR)
     should not use these interfaces.  Outside carefully controlled
     environments, priority inversion with spin locks can lead to system
     deadlock.  Mutexes are preferable in nearly every possible use case.

NetBSD 6.1.5                     July 8, 2010                     NetBSD 6.1.5