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INET(3N)                                                              INET(3N)

       inet_addr,    inet_network,   inet_ntoa,   inet_makeaddr,   inet_lnaof,
       inet_netof - Internet address manipulation routines

       #include <&lt;sys/socket.h>&gt;
       #include <&lt;netinet/in.h>&gt;
       #include <&lt;arpa/inet.h>&gt;

       struct in_addr inet_addr(cp)
       char *cp;

       int inet_network(cp)
       char *cp;

       char *inet_ntoa(in)
       struct inet_addr in;

       struct in_addr inet_makeaddr(net, lna)
       int net, lna;

       int inet_lnaof(in)
       struct in_addr in;

       int inet_netof(in)
       struct in_addr in;

       The  routines  inet_addr  and  inet_network  each  interpret  character
       strings  representing  numbers  expressed  in the Internet standard "."
       notation, returning numbers suitable for use as Internet addresses  and
       Internet network numbers, respectively.  The routine inet_ntoa takes an
       Internet address and returns an ASCII string representing  the  address
       in  "."  notation.  The routine inet_makeaddr takes an Internet network
       number and a local network address and constructs an  Internet  address
       from  it.   The routines inet_netof and inet_lnaof break apart Internet
       host addresses, returning the network number and local network  address
       part, respectively.

       All  Internet address are returned in network order (bytes ordered from
       left to right).  All  network  numbers  and  local  address  parts  are
       returned as machine format integer values.

       Values  specified  using  the  "."  notation  take one of the following
       When four parts are specified, each is interpreted as a  byte  of  data
       and  assigned,  from  left  to  right, to the four bytes of an Internet
       address.  Note that when an Internet address  is  viewed  as  a  32-bit
       integer  quantity  on  the  VAX  the  bytes referred to above appear as
       "d.c.b.a".  That is, VAX bytes are ordered from right to left.

       When a three part address is specified, the last part is interpreted as
       a 16-bit quantity and placed in the right most two bytes of the network
       address.  This makes the three part address format convenient for spec-
       ifying Class B network addresses as "128.net.host".

       When  a two part address is supplied, the last part is interpreted as a
       24-bit quantity and placed in the right most three bytes of the network
       address.   This makes the two part address format convenient for speci-
       fying Class A network addresses as "net.host".

       When only one part is given, the value is stored directly in  the  net-
       work address without any byte rearrangement.

       All  numbers  supplied  as  "parts"  in  a "." notation may be decimal,
       octal, or hexadecimal, as specified in the C language (i.e.  a  leading
       0x  or  0X  implies  hexadecimal; otherwise, a leading 0 implies octal;
       otherwise, the number is interpreted as decimal).

       gethostent(3N), getnetent(3N), hosts(5), networks(5),

       The value -1 is returned by inet_addr and  inet_network  for  malformed

       The  problem of host byte ordering versus network byte ordering is con-
       fusing.  A simple way to specify Class C network addresses in a  manner
       similar to that for Class B and Class A is needed.  The string returned
       by inet_ntoa resides in a static memory area.

4th Berkeley Distribution        18 July 1983                         INET(3N)