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GETGROUPLIST(3)            Linux Programmer's Manual           GETGROUPLIST(3)



NAME
       getgrouplist - get list of groups to which a user belongs

SYNOPSIS
       #include <&lt;grp.h>&gt;

       int getgrouplist(const char *user, gid_t group,
                        gid_t *groups, int *ngroups);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getgrouplist(): _BSD_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The  getgrouplist() function scans the group database (see group(5)) to
       obtain the list of groups that user belongs  to.   Up  to  *ngroups  of
       these groups are returned in the array groups.

       If  it was not among the groups defined for user in the group database,
       then group is included in the  list  of  groups  returned  by  getgrou-
       plist();  typically this argument is specified as the group ID from the
       password record for user.

       The ngroups argument is a value-result argument: on  return  it  always
       contains  the  number  of  groups found for user, including group; this
       value may be greater than the number of groups stored in groups.

RETURN VALUE
       If the number of groups of which user is a member is less than or equal
       to *ngroups, then the value *ngroups is returned.

       If  the  user  is  a member of more than *ngroups groups, then getgrou-
       plist() returns -1.  In this case the value returned in *ngroups can be
       used to resize the buffer passed to a further call getgrouplist().

VERSIONS
       This function is present since glibc 2.2.4.

CONFORMING TO
       This function is non-standard; it appears on most BSDs.

BUGS
       In  glibc  versions  before  2.3.3, the implementation of this function
       contains a buffer-overrun bug: it returns the complete list  of  groups
       for  user  in  the array groups, even when the number of groups exceeds
       *ngroups.

EXAMPLE
       The program below displays the group list for the  user  named  in  its
       first  command-line  argument.  The second command-line argument speci-
       fies the ngroups value to be supplied to getgrouplist().  The following
       shell session shows examples of the use of this program:

           $ ./a.out cecilia 0
           getgrouplist() returned -1; ngroups = 3
           $ ./a.out cecilia 3
           ngroups = 3
           16 (dialout)
           33 (video)
           100 (users)

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <grp.h>
       #include <pwd.h>

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           int j, ngroups;
           gid_t *groups;
           struct passwd *pw;
           struct group *gr;

           if (argc != 3) {
               fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <user> <ngroups>\n", argv[0]);
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           ngroups = atoi(argv[2]);

           groups = malloc(ngroups * sizeof (gid_t));
           if (groups == NULL) {
               perror("malloc");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           /* Fetch passwd structure (contains first group ID for user) */

           pw = getpwnam(argv[1]);
           if (pw == NULL) {
               perror("getpwnam");
               exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
           }

           /* Retrieve group list */

           if (getgrouplist(argv[1], pw->pw_gid, groups, &ngroups) == -1) {
               fprintf(stderr, "getgrouplist() returned -1; ngroups = %d\n",
                       ngroups);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           /* Display list of retrieved groups, along with group names */

           fprintf(stderr, "ngroups = %d\n", ngroups);
           for (j = 0; j < ngroups; j++) {
               printf("%d", groups[j]);
               gr = getgrgid(groups[j]);
               if (gr != NULL)
                   printf(" (%s)", gr->gr_name);
               printf("\n");
           }

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       getgroups(2), setgroups(2), getgrent(3), group(5), passwd(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                               2008-07-03                   GETGROUPLIST(3)