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GETTTYENT(3)                BSD Programmer's Manual               GETTTYENT(3)

NAME
     getttyent, getttynam, setttyent, endttyent - get ttys file entry

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;ttyent.h>&gt;

     struct ttyent *
     getttyent();

     struct ttyent *
     getttynam(char *name);

     int
     setttyent(void);

     int
     endttyent(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The getttyent(), and getttynam() functions each return a pointer to an
     object, with the following structure, containing the broken-out fields of
     a line from the tty description file.

     struct ttyent {
             char    *ty_name;       /* terminal device name */
             char    *ty_getty;      /* command to execute */
             char    *ty_type;       /* terminal type */
     #define TTY_ON          0x01    /* enable logins */
     #define TTY_SECURE      0x02    /* allow uid of 0 to login */
             int     ty_status;      /* flag values */
             char    *ty_window;     /* command for window manager */
             char    *ty_comment;    /* comment field */
     };

     The fields are as follows:

     ty_name     The name of the character-special file.

     ty_getty    The name of the command invoked by init(8) to initialize tty
                 line characteristics.

     ty_type     The name of the default terminal type connected to this tty
                 line.

     ty_status   A mask of bit fields which indicate various actions allowed
                 on this tty line.  The possible flags are as follows:

                 TTY_ON      Enables logins (i.e., init(8) will start the com-
                             mand referenced by ty_getty on this entry).

                 TTY_SECURE  Allow users with a uid of 0 to login on this ter-
                             minal.

     ty_window   The command to execute for a window system associated with
                 the line.

     ty_comment  Any trailing comment field, with any leading hash marks
                 (``#'') or whitespace removed.

     If any of the fields pointing to character strings are unspecified, they
     are returned as null pointers.  The field ty_status will be zero if no
     flag values are specified.


     See ttys(5) for a more complete discussion of the meaning and usage of
     the fields.

     The getttyent() function reads the next line from the ttys file, opening
     the file if necessary.  The setttyent() function rewinds the file if
     open, or opens the file if it is unopened.  The endttyent() function
     closes any open files.

     The getttynam() function searches from the beginning of the file until a
     matching name is found (or until EOF is encountered).

RETURN VALUES
     The routines getttyent() and getttynam() return a null pointer on EOF or
     error.  The setttyent() function and endttyent() return 0 on failure and
     1 on success.

FILES
     /etc/ttys

SEE ALSO
     login(1),  ttyslot(3),  gettytab(5),  termcap(5),  ttys(5),  getty(8),
     init(8)

HISTORY
     The getttyent(), getttynam(), setttyent(), and endttyent() functions ap-
     peared in 4.3BSD.

BUGS
     These functions use static data storage; if the data is needed for future
     use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it.

4.3 Berkeley Distribution        June 4, 1993                                2