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DM(3)                      Library Functions Manual                      DM(3)

NAME
     dm -- device-mapper access manipulation library

LIBRARY
     library ``libdm''

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;libdm.h>&gt;

     void
     libdm_iter_destroy(libdm_iter_t libdm_iter);

     int
     libdm_task_run(libdm_task_t *libdm_task);

     libdm_task_t
     libdm_task_create(const char *command);

     void
     libdm_task_destroy(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int
     libdm_task_set_name(const char *name, libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     char *
     libdm_task_get_name(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int
     libdm_task_set_uuid(const char *uuid, libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     char *
     libdm_task_get_uuid(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     char *
     libdm_task_get_command(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int32_t
     libdm_task_get_cmd_version(libdm_task_t libdm_task, uint32_t *ver, size_t
     size);

     int
     libdm_task_set_minor(uint32_t minor, libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     uint32_t
     libdm_task_get_minor(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int
     libdm_task_set_flags(uint32_t flags, libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     uint32_t
     libdm_task_get_flags(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     uint32_t
     libdm_task_get_target_num(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int32_t
     libdm_task_get_open_num(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     uint32_t
     libdm_task_get_event_num(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     int
     libdm_task_set_cmd(libdm_cmd_t libdm_cmd, libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     libdm_cmd_t
     libdm_task_get_cmd(libdm_task_t libdm_task);

     libdm_cmd_t
     libdm_cmd_create(void);

     void
     libdm_cmd_destroy(libdm_cmd_t libdm_cmd);

     libdm_iter_t
     libdm_cmd_iter_create(libdm_cmd_t libdm_cmd);

     int
     libdm_cmd_set_table(libdm_table_t libdm_table, libdm_cmd_t libdm_cmd);

     libdm_table_t
     libdm_cmd_get_table(libdm_iter_t iter);

     libdm_target_t
     libdm_cmd_get_target(libdm_iter_t iter);

     libdm_dev_t
     libdm_cmd_get_dev(libdm_iter_t iter);

     uint64_t
     libdm_cmd_get_deps(libdm_iter_t libdm_iter);

     libdm_table_t
     libdm_table_create(void);

     void
     libdm_table_destroy(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     int
     libdm_table_set_start(uint64_t start, libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     uint64_t
     libdm_table_get_start(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     int
     libdm_table_set_length(uint64_t length, libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     uint64_t
     libdm_table_get_length(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     int
     libdm_table_set_target(const char *name, libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     char *
     libdm_table_get_target(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     int
     libdm_table_set_params(const char *params, libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     char *
     libdm_table_get_params(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     int32_t
     libdm_table_get_status(libdm_table_t libdm_table);

     void
     libdm_target_destroy(libdm_target_t libdm_target);

     char *
     libdm_target_get_name(libdm_target_t libdm_target);

     int32_t
     libdm_target_get_version(libdm_target_t libdm_target, uint32_t
     *ver, size_t size);

     void
     libdm_dev_destroy(libdm_dev_t libdm_dev);

     char *
     libdm_dev_get_name(libdm_dev_t libdm_dev);

     uint32_t
     libdm_dev_get_minor(libdm_dev_t libdm_dev);

     int
     libdm_dev_set_newname(const char *newname, libdm_cmd_t libdm_cmd);

DESCRIPTION
     Every object in libdm has its own create and destroy routine.
           o   libdm_task_t
           o   libdm_cmd_t
           o   libdm_table_t

     Except libdm_dev_t which is received from kernel as list of physical
     devices on which the logical device depends.  libdm_target_t which is
     received from kernel as list of available targets to use.  libdm_iter_t
     which is used as iteration counter for array entries in the task
     structure.

     Every object attribute in libdm can be set and gotten by appropriate
     routines, therefore there always are set and get routines.

   LIBDM TASK
     The libdm_task_create() function creates a libdm task dictionary with
     command string set to command.  If command is NULL, libdm_task_t is not
     created and the function returns NULL.

     libdm_task_destroy() free all memory allocated to libdm_task by
     libdm_task_create().

     libdm_task_run() Sends created libdm_task to kernel and receives new one
     as reply.

     List of attributes avaialable in libdm_task_t:

           Attribute                Description                Mode
           DM_IOCTL_OPEN            Device open-count          Read-Only
           DM_IOCTL_MINOR           Device minor number        Read-Write
           DM_IOCTL_NAME            Device name                Read-Write
           DM_IOCTL_UUID            Device uuid                Read-Write
           DM_IOCTL_TARGET_COUNT    Number of table entries    Read-Only
           DM_IOCTL_FLAGS           Device status flags        Read-Write

     libdm_task_set_name() and libdm_task_get_name() Set name of the device
     for commands which need to have a dm device identifier.  The device-
     mapper later uses the device name to look up the device from the list of
     all devices.  The get routine will fetch the device name from the task
     dictionary.

     libdm_task_set_uuid() and libdm_task_get_uuid() Set uuid of device for
     commands which need to have a dm device identifier.  The device-mapper
     later uses the device uuid to look up the device from the list of all
     devices.  The get routine will fetch the device uuid from the task
     dictionary.

     libdm_task_set_minor() and libdm_task_get_minor() Set minor device number
     of device for commands which need to have a dm device identifier.  The
     device-mapper later uses the device minor number to look up the device
     from the list of all devices.  The get routine will fetch the device
     minor number from the task dictionary.

     libdm_task_set_flags() and libdm_task_get_flags() Set/fetch device status
     flags from the task dictionary.

     libdm_task_get_open_num() Fetch number of opened devices from the kernel
     and return them as count.

     libdm_task_get_target_num() Fetch number of opened devices from the
     kernel and return them as count.

     libdm_task_get_cmd_version() Get the version of the dm driver in the
     kernel as array uint32_t *ver of size size.  libdm_task_set_cmd() and
     libdm_task_get_cmd() Add and fetch cmd structure from libdm_task_t.
     libdm_cmd_t is the container used to carry information specific for the
     particular command.  cmd is usually set before libdm_task_run is used and
     is taken from the task structure after the task run was called.

   LIBDM TASK CMD
     The libdm_cmd_create() function will allocate a cmd structure which can
     later be put in to the task.

     libdm_cmd_destroy() will deallocate a previously allocated cmd structure.

     libdm_cmd_set_table() Will load and fetch the device mapping table from
     the dm device.  The table is usually loaded to the device during initial
     device creation or device resizing.

     Because libdm_cmd is an array of structures, all _get routines need an
     iterator to work.  For every entry we can have more than one.
     libdm_cmd_get_table() When the user creates a task with the "status"
     command, the kernel sends cmd with a table in it.

     libdm_cmd_get_target() Get mapping target description from cmd.  Target
     contains target_name and target_version.

     libdm_cmd_get_dev() When user creates a task with the "info" command, the
     kernel sends cmd with information about dm device to user.

     libdm_cmd_get_deps() When user creates a task with the "deps" command,
     the kernel sends cmd with an array of physical devices attached to the dm
     device.

     Usually the device has more than one table entry in the device command.
     Therefore cmd iterators are needed for libdm_cmd_t; they can be created
     by the libdm_cmd_iter_create() function.

   LIBDM CMD TABLE
     A device table describes the logical mapping between the dm device and
     physical devices.  Every table has the logical block start, the table
     length (in disk blocks), the target used by table, the physical device,
     and the offset on it.  The physical device and the offset on it are
     parameters which are target specific and are passed down to the target as
     param string.

     Example device table entry
           0 1024 linear /dev/wd1a 384

           Attribute          Description
           DM_TABLE_TYPE      Used device mapper target
           DM_TABLE_START     Device Logical start block
           DM_TABLE_STAT      Is 1 if this is current active table
           DM_TABLE_LENGTH    Logical length described by table
           DM_TABLE_PARAMS    Params passed down to target

     libdm_table_set_start() and libdm_table_get_start() Set start table from
     start value to libdm_table argument.  Get routine will get the table
     start from kernel as libdm_table.

     libdm_table_set_length() and libdm_table_get_length() Set table length
     from length value to libdm_table argument.  Get routine will get the
     table length from kernel as libdm_table.

     libdm_table_set_target() and libdm_table_get_target() Set target name
     from target value to libdm_table argument.  The target must be actually
     present in the kernel, otherwise libdm_task_run() will fail.  Get routine
     will get the table entry target from kernel as libdm_table.

     libdm_table_set_params() and libdm_table_get_params() Set table target
     parameter string from params argument to libdm_table.  This is later in
     the kernel passed to the target init routine.  Get routine will get the
     table parameter string from kernel as libdm_table.

     libdm_table_get_status() Get table status which can be Active/Inactive.
     This tells if this table is actually used or not.

   LIBDM_TARGET
     libdm_target_destroy() Destroy target received from libdm_cmd with
     libdm_cmd_iter iterator.

     libdm_target_get_name() returns pointer to a string with available target
     name.

     lobdm_target_get_version() Sets argument ver[3] to a in-kernel loaded
     target version.

   LIBDM_DEV
     libdm_dev_destroy() Destroy device received from libdm_cmd with
     libdm_cmd_iter iterator.

     libdm_dev_get_name() Return pointer to a string with underlying device
     name from libdm_dev_t

     libdm_dev_get_minor() Return underlying device minor number.

   MISC
     libdm_dev_set_newname() This routine will set new dm device name
     attribute to newname.  User must then called libdm_task_run on this task
     to change the device name.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon success, all described functions return zero or non-NULL pointer.
     Otherwise, an error number will be returned to indicate the error.

SEE ALSO
     dm(4)

HISTORY
     The dm was written and contributed to NetBSD by Adam Hamsik and first
     appeared in NetBSD 6.0.

NetBSD 6.1.5                   January 22, 2011                   NetBSD 6.1.5