DK(3) Library Functions Manual DK(3)
dk - Datakit conversations
bind #kname /net/dk
bind #iname /net/dk
ctlfd = open(".../ctl", ORDWR);
write(ctlfd, "push dkmux", 10);
write(ctlfd, "config csc [no]restart name nvc window", n);
A Datakit device--either k for the regular Datakit or i for the Incon--
is a directory containing up to 256 directories, one per virtual cir-
cuit, named 0 through 255, and a special file named clone. The speci-
fier name matches the Datakit device to a physical device that its vir-
tual circuits are multiplexed over (see dkmux below).
Normally, the standard routines dial, hangup, listen, and announce (see
dial(2)) are used to make, listen for, and control calls over any net-
work. The routines expect the following properties of any multiplexed
network, not just Datakit.
Opening the clone file opens the ctl file of an unused virtual circuit.
Reading any ctl file returns the name of the virtual circuit directory.
For example, reading #k/17/ctl will return the string 17.
Each virtual circuit directory contains the files:
ctl to control the virtual circuit: establish a connection, hang
it up, etc.
data to converse with the remote end (via read and write)
listen to listen for calls (after announcing; see below)
other information about the conversation
raddr the address of the remote end
ruser the id of the user at the remote end (when applicable)
To set up and tear down virtual circuits a process writes textual com-
mands to the ctl file:
connect addr connect to address addr. If the connection fails,
the write returns an error.
hangup tear down a connected virtual circuit.
announce name announce the readiness to accept calls to name.
accept n accept the call on virtual circuit n.
reject n e reject the call on virtual circuit n with error code
e. E must be a number from 0 to 7.
Once a virtual circuit is set up, a process can converse with the
remote service by reading and writing the data file. Write boundaries
Accepting calls to name requires the following dance:
1) announce name on a virtual circuit.
2) open the listen file in that virtual circuit's directory. When
a call comes in on a virtual circuit for name, the open will
return with the file descriptor open to the control file of the
incoming virtual circuit.
3) accept or reject the call by writing an accept or reject command
to the ctl file of the announced virtual circuit.
A dkmux module pushed onto a stream makes that stream a multiplexed
connection to a Datakit. The subsequent config control message config-
ures the multiplexer and matches it to a dk device. The parameters to
the config message are
csc the line number of the common signaling channel (must be > 0)
nvc the number of virtual circuits (optional; default chosen by
the word restart or norestart (optional; default is restart).
Restart tells the Datakit to forget all previous connections and
authentications for this machine.
name The name used in binding dk device.
window the default URP window size for virtual circuits on this Datakit
line (default is 2048).
stream(3), dkconfig(8), datakit(3)