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DBM_CLEARERR(3)            Library Functions Manual            DBM_CLEARERR(3)

NAME
     dbm_clearerr, dbm_close, dbm_delete, dbm_dirfno, dbm_error, dbm_fetch,
     dbm_firstkey, dbm_nextkey, dbm_open, dbm_store, ndbm -- database
     functions

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;ndbm.h>&gt;

     int
     dbm_clearerr(DBM *db);

     void
     dbm_close(DBM *db);

     int
     dbm_delete(DBM *db, datum key);

     int
     dbm_dirfno(DBM *db);

     int
     dbm_error(DBM *db);

     datum
     dbm_fetch(DBM *db, datum key);

     datum
     dbm_firstkey(DBM *db);

     datum
     dbm_nextkey(DBM *db);

     DBM *
     dbm_open(const char *file, int open_flags, mode_t file_mode);

     int
     dbm_store(DBM *db, datum key, datum content, int store_mode);

DESCRIPTION
     The ndbm facility provides access to hash database files.

     Two data types are fundamental to the ndbm facility.  DBM serves as a
     handle to a database.  It is an opaque type.

     The other data type is datum, which is a structure type which includes
     the following members:

           void *  dptr
           size_t  dsize

     A datum is thus given by dptr pointing at an object of dsize bytes in
     length.

     The dbm_open() function opens a database.  The file argument is the
     pathname which the actual database file pathname is based on.  This
     implementation uses a single file with the suffix .db appended to file.
     The open_flags argument has the same meaning as the flags argument to
     open(2) except that when opening a database for write-only access the
     file is opened for read/write access, and the O_APPEND flag must not be
     specified.  The file_mode argument has the same meaning as the mode
     argument to open(2).

     For the following functions, the db argument is a handle previously
     returned by a call to dbm_open().

     The dbm_close() function closes a database.

     The dbm_fetch() function retrieves a record from the database.  The key
     argument is a datum that identifies the record to be fetched.

     The dbm_store() function stores a record into the database.  The key
     argument is a datum that identifies the record to be stored.  The content
     argument is a datum that specifies the value of the record to be stored.
     The store_mode argument specifies the behavior of dbm_store() if a record
     matching key is already present in the database, db.  store_mode must be
     one of the following:

           DBM_INSERT     If a record matching key is already present, it is
                          left unchanged.

           DBM_REPLACE    If a record matching key is already present, its
                          value is replaced by content.

     If no record matching key is present, a new record is inserted regardless
     of store_mode.

     The dbm_delete() function deletes a record from the database.  The key
     argument is a datum that identifies the record to be deleted.

     The dbm_firstkey() function returns the first key in the database.

     The dbm_nextkey() function returns the next key in the database.  In
     order to be meaningful, it must be preceded by a call to dbm_firstkey().

     The dbm_error() function returns the error indicator of the database.

     The dbm_clearerr() function clears the error indicator of the database.

     The dbm_dirfno() function returns the file descriptor of the underlying
     database file.

IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
     The ndbm facility is implemented on top of the hash(3) access method of
     the db(3) database facility.

RETURN VALUES
     The dbm_open() function returns a pointer to a DBM when successful;
     otherwise a null pointer is returned.

     The dbm_close() function returns no value.

     The dbm_fetch() function returns a content datum; if no record matching
     key was found or if an error occured, its dptr member is a null pointer.

     The dbm_store() function returns 0 when then record was successfully
     inserted; it returns 1 when called with store_mode being DBM_INSERT and a
     record matching key is already present; otherwise a negative value is
     returned.

     The dbm_delete() function returns 0 when the record was successfully
     deleted; otherwise a negative value is returned.

     The dbm_firstkey() and dbm_nextkey() functions return a key datum.  When
     the end of the database is reached or if an error occured, its dptr
     member is a null pointer.

     The dbm_error() function returns 0 if the error indicator is clear; if
     the error indicator is set a non-zero value is returned.

     The dbm_clearerr() function always returns 0.

     The dbm_dirfno() function returns the file descriptor of the underlying
     database file.

ERRORS
     No errors are defined.

SEE ALSO
     open(2), db(3), hash(3)

STANDARDS
     The dbm_clearerr(), dbm_close(), dbm_delete(), dbm_error(), dbm_fetch(),
     dbm_firstkey(), dbm_nextkey(), dbm_open(), and dbm_store() functions
     conform to X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4, Version 2 (``XPG4.2'') and
     Version 2 of the Single UNIX Specification.  The dbm_dirfno() function is
     an extension.

NetBSD 6.1.5                      May 5, 2010                     NetBSD 6.1.5