XDrawArc(3) XLIB FUNCTIONS XDrawArc(3)
NAME
XDrawArc, XDrawArcs, XArc  draw arcs and arc structure
SYNTAX
int XDrawArc(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, int x, int y,
unsigned int width, unsigned int height, int angle1, int
angle2);
int XDrawArcs(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, XArc *arcs, int
narcs);
ARGUMENTS
angle1 Specifies the start of the arc relative to the threeo'clock
position from the center, in units of degrees * 64.
angle2 Specifies the path and extent of the arc relative to the
start of the arc, in units of degrees * 64.
arcs Specifies an array of arcs.
d Specifies the drawable.
display Specifies the connection to the X server.
gc Specifies the GC.
narcs Specifies the number of arcs in the array.
width
height Specify the width and height, which are the major and minor
axes of the arc.
x
y Specify the x and y coordinates, which are relative to the
origin of the drawable and specify the upperleft corner of
the bounding rectangle.
DESCRIPTION
delim %% XDrawArc draws a single circular or elliptical arc, and
XDrawArcs draws multiple circular or elliptical arcs. Each arc is
specified by a rectangle and two angles. The center of the circle or
ellipse is the center of the rectangle, and the major and minor axes
are specified by the width and height. Positive angles indicate coun
terclockwise motion, and negative angles indicate clockwise motion. If
the magnitude of angle2 is greater than 360 degrees, XDrawArc or
XDrawArcs truncates it to 360 degrees.
For an arc specified as %[ ~x, ~y, ~width , ~height, ~angle1, ~angle2
]%, the origin of the major and minor axes is at % [ x +^ {width over
2} , ~y +^ {height over 2} ]%, and the infinitely thin path describing
the entire circle or ellipse intersects the horizontal axis at % [ x,
~y +^ {height over 2} ]% and % [ x +^ width , ~y +^ { height over 2 }]
% and intersects the vertical axis at % [ x +^ { width over 2 } , ~y ]%
and % [ x +^ { width over 2 }, ~y +^ height ]%. These coordinates can
be fractional and so are not truncated to discrete coordinates. The
path should be defined by the ideal mathematical path. For a wide line
with linewidth lw, the bounding outlines for filling are given by the
two infinitely thin paths consisting of all points whose perpendicular
distance from the path of the circle/ellipse is equal to lw/2 (which
may be a fractional value). The capstyle and joinstyle are applied
the same as for a line corresponding to the tangent of the cir
cle/ellipse at the endpoint.
For an arc specified as % [ ~x, ~y, ~width, ~height, ~angle1, ~angle2
]%, the angles must be specified in the effectively skewed coordinate
system of the ellipse (for a circle, the angles and coordinate systems
are identical). The relationship between these angles and angles
expressed in the normal coordinate system of the screen (as measured
with a protractor) is as follows:
% roman "skewedangle" ~ = ~ atan left ( tan ( roman "normalangle" )
* width over height right ) +^ adjust%
The skewedangle and normalangle are expressed in radians (rather than
in degrees scaled by 64) in the range % [ 0 , ~2 pi ]% and where atan
returns a value in the range % [  pi over 2 , ~pi over 2 ] % and
adjust is:
l l. %0% for normalangle in the range % [ 0 , ~pi over 2 ]%
%pi% for normalangle in the range % [ pi over 2 , ~{3 pi} over 2 ]%
%2 pi% for normalangle in the range % [ {3 pi} over 2 , ~2 pi ]%
For any given arc, XDrawArc and XDrawArcs do not draw a pixel more than
once. If two arcs join correctly and if the linewidth is greater than
zero and the arcs intersect, XDrawArc and XDrawArcs do not draw a pixel
more than once. Otherwise, the intersecting pixels of intersecting
arcs are drawn multiple times. Specifying an arc with one endpoint and
a clockwise extent draws the same pixels as specifying the other end
point and an equivalent counterclockwise extent, except as it affects
joins.
If the last point in one arc coincides with the first point in the fol
lowing arc, the two arcs will join correctly. If the first point in
the first arc coincides with the last point in the last arc, the two
arcs will join correctly. By specifying one axis to be zero, a hori
zontal or vertical line can be drawn. Angles are computed based solely
on the coordinate system and ignore the aspect ratio.
Both functions use these GC components: function, planemask, line
width, linestyle, capstyle, joinstyle, fillstyle, subwindowmode,
clipxorigin, clipyorigin, and clipmask. They also use these GC
modedependent components: foreground, background, tile, stipple, tile
stipplexorigin, tilestippleyorigin, dashoffset, and dashlist.
XDrawArc and XDrawArcs can generate BadDrawable, BadGC, and BadMatch
errors.
STRUCTURES
The XArc structure contains:
typedef struct {
short x, y;
unsigned short width, height;
short angle1, angle2; /* Degrees * 64 */
} XArc;
All x and y members are signed integers. The width and height members
are 16bit unsigned integers. You should be careful not to generate
coordinates and sizes out of the 16bit ranges, because the protocol
only has 16bit fields for these values.
DIAGNOSTICS
BadDrawable
A value for a Drawable argument does not name a defined Win
dow or Pixmap.
BadGC A value for a GContext argument does not name a defined GCon
text.
BadMatch An InputOnly window is used as a Drawable.
BadMatch Some argument or pair of arguments has the correct type and
range but fails to match in some other way required by the
request.
SEE ALSO
XDrawLine(3X11), XDrawPoint(3X11), XDrawRectangle(3X11)
Xlib  C Language X Interface
X Version 11 libX11 1.1.5 XDrawArc(3)
