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SSL_alert_type_string(3)            OpenSSL           SSL_alert_type_string(3)

       SSL_alert_type_string, SSL_alert_type_string_long,
       SSL_alert_desc_string, SSL_alert_desc_string_long - get textual
       description of alert information

       libcrypto, -lcrypto

        #include <openssl/ssl.h>

        const char *SSL_alert_type_string(int value);
        const char *SSL_alert_type_string_long(int value);

        const char *SSL_alert_desc_string(int value);
        const char *SSL_alert_desc_string_long(int value);

       SSL_alert_type_string() returns a one letter string indicating the type
       of the alert specified by value.

       SSL_alert_type_string_long() returns a string indicating the type of
       the alert specified by value.

       SSL_alert_desc_string() returns a two letter string as a short form
       describing the reason of the alert specified by value.

       SSL_alert_desc_string_long() returns a string describing the reason of
       the alert specified by value.

       When one side of an SSL/TLS communication wants to inform the peer
       about a special situation, it sends an alert. The alert is sent as a
       special message and does not influence the normal data stream (unless
       its contents results in the communication being canceled).

       A warning alert is sent, when a non-fatal error condition occurs. The
       "close notify" alert is sent as a warning alert. Other examples for
       non-fatal errors are certificate errors ("certificate expired",
       "unsupported certificate"), for which a warning alert may be sent.
       (The sending party may however decide to send a fatal error.) The
       receiving side may cancel the connection on reception of a warning
       alert on it discretion.

       Several alert messages must be sent as fatal alert messages as
       specified by the TLS RFC. A fatal alert always leads to a connection

       The following strings can occur for SSL_alert_type_string() or



           This indicates that no support is available for this alert type.
           Probably value does not contain a correct alert message.

       The following strings can occur for SSL_alert_desc_string() or

       "CN"/"close notify"
           The connection shall be closed. This is a warning alert.

       "UM"/"unexpected message"
           An inappropriate message was received. This alert is always fatal
           and should never be observed in communication between proper

       "BM"/"bad record mac"
           This alert is returned if a record is received with an incorrect
           MAC. This message is always fatal.

       "DF"/"decompression failure"
           The decompression function received improper input (e.g. data that
           would expand to excessive length). This message is always fatal.

       "HF"/"handshake failure"
           Reception of a handshake_failure alert message indicates that the
           sender was unable to negotiate an acceptable set of security
           parameters given the options available. This is a fatal error.

       "NC"/"no certificate"
           A client, that was asked to send a certificate, does not send a
           certificate (SSLv3 only).

       "BC"/"bad certificate"
           A certificate was corrupt, contained signatures that did not verify
           correctly, etc

       "UC"/"unsupported certificate"
           A certificate was of an unsupported type.

       "CR"/"certificate revoked"
           A certificate was revoked by its signer.

       "CE"/"certificate expired"
           A certificate has expired or is not currently valid.

       "CU"/"certificate unknown"
           Some other (unspecified) issue arose in processing the certificate,
           rendering it unacceptable.

       "IP"/"illegal parameter"
           A field in the handshake was out of range or inconsistent with
           other fields. This is always fatal.

       "DC"/"decryption failed"
           A TLSCiphertext decrypted in an invalid way: either it wasn't an
           even multiple of the block length or its padding values, when
           checked, weren't correct. This message is always fatal.

       "RO"/"record overflow"
           A TLSCiphertext record was received which had a length more than
           2^14+2048 bytes, or a record decrypted to a TLSCompressed record
           with more than 2^14+1024 bytes. This message is always fatal.

       "CA"/"unknown CA"
           A valid certificate chain or partial chain was received, but the
           certificate was not accepted because the CA certificate could not
           be located or couldn't be matched with a known, trusted CA.  This
           message is always fatal.

       "AD"/"access denied"
           A valid certificate was received, but when access control was
           applied, the sender decided not to proceed with negotiation.  This
           message is always fatal.

       "DE"/"decode error"
           A message could not be decoded because some field was out of the
           specified range or the length of the message was incorrect. This
           message is always fatal.

       "CY"/"decrypt error"
           A handshake cryptographic operation failed, including being unable
           to correctly verify a signature, decrypt a key exchange, or
           validate a finished message.

       "ER"/"export restriction"
           A negotiation not in compliance with export restrictions was
           detected; for example, attempting to transfer a 1024 bit ephemeral
           RSA key for the RSA_EXPORT handshake method. This message is always

       "PV"/"protocol version"
           The protocol version the client has attempted to negotiate is
           recognized, but not supported. (For example, old protocol versions
           might be avoided for security reasons). This message is always

       "IS"/"insufficient security"
           Returned instead of handshake_failure when a negotiation has failed
           specifically because the server requires ciphers more secure than
           those supported by the client. This message is always fatal.

       "IE"/"internal error"
           An internal error unrelated to the peer or the correctness of the
           protocol makes it impossible to continue (such as a memory
           allocation failure). This message is always fatal.

       "US"/"user canceled"
           This handshake is being canceled for some reason unrelated to a
           protocol failure. If the user cancels an operation after the
           handshake is complete, just closing the connection by sending a
           close_notify is more appropriate. This alert should be followed by
           a close_notify. This message is generally a warning.

       "NR"/"no renegotiation"
           Sent by the client in response to a hello request or by the server
           in response to a client hello after initial handshaking.  Either of
           these would normally lead to renegotiation; when that is not
           appropriate, the recipient should respond with this alert; at that
           point, the original requester can decide whether to proceed with
           the connection. One case where this would be appropriate would be
           where a server has spawned a process to satisfy a request; the
           process might receive security parameters (key length,
           authentication, etc.) at startup and it might be difficult to
           communicate changes to these parameters after that point. This
           message is always a warning.

       "UP"/"unknown PSK identity"
           Sent by the server to indicate that it does not recognize a PSK
           identity or an SRP identity.

           This indicates that no description is available for this alert
           type.  Probably value does not contain a correct alert message.

       ssl(3), SSL_CTX_set_info_callback(3)

1.0.1i                            2012-07-27          SSL_alert_type_string(3)