SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback(3) OpenSSL SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback(3)
NAME
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback, SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa,
SSL_CTX_need_tmp_rsa, SSL_set_tmp_rsa_callback, SSL_set_tmp_rsa,
SSL_need_tmp_rsa  handle RSA keys for ephemeral key exchange
LIBRARY
libcrypto, lcrypto
SYNOPSIS
#include <openssl/ssl.h>
void SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback(SSL_CTX *ctx,
RSA *(*tmp_rsa_callback)(SSL *ssl, int is_export, int keylength));
long SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa(SSL_CTX *ctx, RSA *rsa);
long SSL_CTX_need_tmp_rsa(SSL_CTX *ctx);
void SSL_set_tmp_rsa_callback(SSL_CTX *ctx,
RSA *(*tmp_rsa_callback)(SSL *ssl, int is_export, int keylength));
long SSL_set_tmp_rsa(SSL *ssl, RSA *rsa)
long SSL_need_tmp_rsa(SSL *ssl)
RSA *(*tmp_rsa_callback)(SSL *ssl, int is_export, int keylength);
DESCRIPTION
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback() sets the callback function for ctx to be
used when a temporary/ephemeral RSA key is required to
tmp_rsa_callback. The callback is inherited by all SSL objects newly
created from ctx with <SSL_new(3)SSL_new(3)>. Already created SSL
objects are not affected.
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa() sets the temporary/ephemeral RSA key to be used
to be rsa. The key is inherited by all SSL objects newly created from
ctx with <SSL_new(3)SSL_new(3)>. Already created SSL objects are not
affected.
SSL_CTX_need_tmp_rsa() returns 1, if a temporary/ephemeral RSA key is
needed for RSAbased strengthlimited 'exportable' ciphersuites because
a RSA key with a keysize larger than 512 bits is installed.
SSL_set_tmp_rsa_callback() sets the callback only for ssl.
SSL_set_tmp_rsa() sets the key only for ssl.
SSL_need_tmp_rsa() returns 1, if a temporary/ephemeral RSA key is
needed, for RSAbased strengthlimited 'exportable' ciphersuites
because a RSA key with a keysize larger than 512 bits is installed.
These functions apply to SSL/TLS servers only.
NOTES
When using a cipher with RSA authentication, an ephemeral RSA key
exchange can take place. In this case the session data are negotiated
using the ephemeral/temporary RSA key and the RSA key supplied and
certified by the certificate chain is only used for signing.
Under previous export restrictions, ciphers with RSA keys shorter (512
bits) than the usual key length of 1024 bits were created. To use these
ciphers with RSA keys of usual length, an ephemeral key exchange must
be performed, as the normal (certified) key cannot be directly used.
Using ephemeral RSA key exchange yields forward secrecy, as the
connection can only be decrypted, when the RSA key is known. By
generating a temporary RSA key inside the server application that is
lost when the application is left, it becomes impossible for an
attacker to decrypt past sessions, even if he gets hold of the normal
(certified) RSA key, as this key was used for signing only. The
downside is that creating a RSA key is computationally expensive.
Additionally, the use of ephemeral RSA key exchange is only allowed in
the TLS standard, when the RSA key can be used for signing only, that
is for export ciphers. Using ephemeral RSA key exchange for other
purposes violates the standard and can break interoperability with
clients. It is therefore strongly recommended to not use ephemeral RSA
key exchange and use EDH (Ephemeral DiffieHellman) key exchange
instead in order to achieve forward secrecy (see
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_dh_callback(3)).
On OpenSSL servers ephemeral RSA key exchange is therefore disabled by
default and must be explicitly enabled using the SSL_OP_EPHEMERAL_RSA
option of SSL_CTX_set_options(3), violating the TLS/SSL standard. When
ephemeral RSA key exchange is required for export ciphers, it will
automatically be used without this option!
An application may either directly specify the key or can supply the
key via a callback function. The callback approach has the advantage,
that the callback may generate the key only in case it is actually
needed. As the generation of a RSA key is however costly, it will lead
to a significant delay in the handshake procedure. Another advantage
of the callback function is that it can supply keys of different size
(e.g. for SSL_OP_EPHEMERAL_RSA usage) while the explicit setting of the
key is only useful for key size of 512 bits to satisfy the export
restricted ciphers and does give away key length if a longer key would
be allowed.
The tmp_rsa_callback is called with the keylength needed and the
is_export information. The is_export flag is set, when the ephemeral
RSA key exchange is performed with an export cipher.
EXAMPLES
Generate temporary RSA keys to prepare ephemeral RSA key exchange. As
the generation of a RSA key costs a lot of computer time, they saved
for later reuse. For demonstration purposes, two keys for 512 bits and
1024 bits respectively are generated.
...
/* Set up ephemeral RSA stuff */
RSA *rsa_512 = NULL;
RSA *rsa_1024 = NULL;
rsa_512 = RSA_generate_key(512,RSA_F4,NULL,NULL);
if (rsa_512 == NULL)
evaluate_error_queue();
rsa_1024 = RSA_generate_key(1024,RSA_F4,NULL,NULL);
if (rsa_1024 == NULL)
evaluate_error_queue();
...
RSA *tmp_rsa_callback(SSL *s, int is_export, int keylength)
{
RSA *rsa_tmp=NULL;
switch (keylength) {
case 512:
if (rsa_512)
rsa_tmp = rsa_512;
else { /* generate on the fly, should not happen in this example */
rsa_tmp = RSA_generate_key(keylength,RSA_F4,NULL,NULL);
rsa_512 = rsa_tmp; /* Remember for later reuse */
}
break;
case 1024:
if (rsa_1024)
rsa_tmp=rsa_1024;
else
should_not_happen_in_this_example();
break;
default:
/* Generating a key on the fly is very costly, so use what is there */
if (rsa_1024)
rsa_tmp=rsa_1024;
else
rsa_tmp=rsa_512; /* Use at least a shorter key */
}
return(rsa_tmp);
}
RETURN VALUES
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback() and SSL_set_tmp_rsa_callback() do not
return diagnostic output.
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa() and SSL_set_tmp_rsa() do return 1 on success and
0 on failure. Check the error queue to find out the reason of failure.
SSL_CTX_need_tmp_rsa() and SSL_need_tmp_rsa() return 1 if a temporary
RSA key is needed and 0 otherwise.
SEE ALSO
ssl(3), SSL_CTX_set_cipher_list(3), SSL_CTX_set_options(3),
SSL_CTX_set_tmp_dh_callback(3), SSL_new(3), openssl_ciphers(1)
1.0.1i 20090720 SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback(3)
