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PKCS7_sign(3)                       OpenSSL                      PKCS7_sign(3)

       PKCS7_sign - create a PKCS#7 signedData structure

       libcrypto, -lcrypto

       PKCS7 *PKCS7_sign(X509 *signcert, EVP_PKEY *pkey, STACK_OF(X509)
       *certs, BIO *data, int flags);

       PKCS7_sign() creates and returns a PKCS#7 signedData structure.
       signcert is the certificate to sign with, pkey is the corresponsding
       private key.  certs is an optional additional set of certificates to
       include in the PKCS#7 structure (for example any intermediate CAs in
       the chain).

       The data to be signed is read from BIO data.

       flags is an optional set of flags.

       Any of the following flags (ored together) can be passed in the flags

       Many S/MIME clients expect the signed content to include valid MIME
       headers. If the PKCS7_TEXT flag is set MIME headers for type text/plain
       are prepended to the data.

       If PKCS7_NOCERTS is set the signer's certificate will not be included
       in the PKCS7 structure, the signer's certificate must still be supplied
       in the signcert parameter though. This can reduce the size of the sig-
       nature if the signers certificate can be obtained by other means: for
       example a previously signed message.

       The data being signed is included in the PKCS7 structure, unless
       PKCS7_DETACHED is set in which case it is omitted. This is used for
       PKCS7 detached signatures which are used in S/MIME plaintext signed
       messages for example.

       Normally the supplied content is translated into MIME canonical format
       (as required by the S/MIME specifications) if PKCS7_BINARY is set no
       translation occurs. This option should be used if the supplied data is
       in binary format otherwise the translation will corrupt it.

       The signedData structure includes several PKCS#7 autenticatedAttributes
       including the signing time, the PKCS#7 content type and the supported
       list of ciphers in an SMIMECapabilities attribute. If PKCS7_NOATTR is
       set then no authenticatedAttributes will be used. If PKCS7_NOSMIMECAP
       is set then just the SMIMECapabilities are omitted.

       If present the SMIMECapabilities attribute indicates support for the
       following algorithms: triple DES, 128 bit RC2, 64 bit RC2, DES and 40
       bit RC2. If any of these algorithms is disabled then it will not be

       PKCS7_sign() is somewhat limited. It does not support multiple signers,
       some advanced attributes such as counter signatures are not supported.

       The SHA1 digest algorithm is currently always used.

       When the signed data is not detached it will be stored in memory within
       the PKCS7 structure. This effectively limits the size of messages which
       can be signed due to memory restraints. There should be a way to sign
       data without having to hold it all in memory, this would however
       require fairly major revisions of the OpenSSL ASN1 code.

       Clear text signing does not store the content in memory but the way
       PKCS7_sign() operates means that two passes of the data must typically
       be made: one to compute the signatures and a second to output the data
       along with the signature. There should be a way to process the data
       with only a single pass.

       PKCS7_sign() returns either a valid PKCS7 structure or NULL if an error
       occurred.  The error can be obtained from ERR_get_error(3).

       ERR_get_error(3), PKCS7_verify(3)

       PKCS7_sign() was added to OpenSSL 0.9.5

3rd Berkeley Distribution           0.9.7d                       PKCS7_sign(3)