PKCS7_encrypt(3) OpenSSL PKCS7_encrypt(3)
PKCS7_encrypt - create a PKCS#7 envelopedData structure
PKCS7 *PKCS7_encrypt(STACK_OF(X509) *certs, BIO *in, const EVP_CIPHER *cipher, int flags);
PKCS7_encrypt() creates and returns a PKCS#7 envelopedData structure.
certs is a list of recipient certificates. in is the content to be
encrypted. cipher is the symmetric cipher to use. flags is an optional
set of flags.
Only RSA keys are supported in PKCS#7 and envelopedData so the
recipient certificates supplied to this function must all contain RSA
public keys, though they do not have to be signed using the RSA
EVP_des_ede3_cbc() (triple DES) is the algorithm of choice for S/MIME
use because most clients will support it.
Some old "export grade" clients may only support weak encryption using
40 or 64 bit RC2. These can be used by passing EVP_rc2_40_cbc() and
The algorithm passed in the cipher parameter must support ASN1 encoding
of its parameters.
Many browsers implement a "sign and encrypt" option which is simply an
S/MIME envelopedData containing an S/MIME signed message. This can be
readily produced by storing the S/MIME signed message in a memory BIO
and passing it to PKCS7_encrypt().
The following flags can be passed in the flags parameter.
If the PKCS7_TEXT flag is set MIME headers for type text/plain are
prepended to the data.
Normally the supplied content is translated into MIME canonical format
(as required by the S/MIME specifications) if PKCS7_BINARY is set no
translation occurs. This option should be used if the supplied data is
in binary format otherwise the translation will corrupt it. If
PKCS7_BINARY is set then PKCS7_TEXT is ignored.
If the PKCS7_STREAM flag is set a partial PKCS7 structure is output
suitable for streaming I/O: no data is read from the BIO in.
If the flag PKCS7_STREAM is set the returned PKCS7 structure is not
complete and outputting its contents via a function that does not
properly finalize the PKCS7 structure will give unpredictable results.
Several functions including SMIME_write_PKCS7(),
i2d_PKCS7_bio_stream(), PEM_write_bio_PKCS7_stream() finalize the
structure. Alternatively finalization can be performed by obtaining the
streaming ASN1 BIO directly using BIO_new_PKCS7().
PKCS7_encrypt() returns either a PKCS7 structure or NULL if an error
occurred. The error can be obtained from ERR_get_error(3).
PKCS7_decrypt() was added to OpenSSL 0.9.5 The PKCS7_STREAM flag was
first supported in OpenSSL 1.0.0.
1.0.1i 2010-01-06 PKCS7_encrypt(3)