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Mail::Transport::Send(User Contributed Perl DocumentMail::Transport::Send(3pm)

       Mail::Transport::Send - send a message

          is a Mail::Transport
          is a Mail::Reporter

        Mail::Transport::Send is extended by

        my $message = Mail::Message->new(...);

        # Some extensions implement sending:
        $message->send(via => 'sendmail');

        my $sender = Mail::Transport::SMTP->new(...);

       Send a message to the destinations as specified in the header.  The
       "Mail::Transport::Send" module is capable of autodetecting which of the
       following modules work on your system; you may simply call "send"
       without "via" options to get a message transported.

       o   Mail::Transport::Sendmail

           Use sendmail to process and deliver the mail.  This requires the
           "sendmail" program to be installed on your system.  Whether this is
           an original sendmail, or a replacement from Postfix does matter.

       o   Mail::Transport::Exim

           Use "exim" to distribute the message.

       o   Mail::Transport::Qmail

           Use "qmail-inject" to distribute the message.

       o   Mail::Transport::SMTP

           In this case, Perl is handling mail transport on its own.  This is
           less desired but more portable than sending with sendmail or qmail.
           The advantage is that this sender is environment independent, and
           easier to configure.  However, there is no daemon involved which
           means that your program will wait until the message is delivered,
           and the message is lost when your program is interrupted during
           delivery (which may take hours to complete).

       o   Mail::Transport::Mailx

           Use the external "mail", "mailx", or "Mail" programs to send the
           message.  Usually, the result is poor, because some versions of
           these programs do not support MIME headers.  Besides, these
           programs are known to have exploitable security breaches.



        Option    --Defined in     --Default
        executable  Mail::Transport  undef
        hostname    Mail::Transport  'localhost'
        interval    Mail::Transport  30
        log         Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
        password    Mail::Transport  undef
        port        Mail::Transport  undef
        proxy       Mail::Transport  undef
        retry       Mail::Transport  <false>
        timeout     Mail::Transport  120
        trace       Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
        username    Mail::Transport  undef
        via         Mail::Transport  'sendmail'

           . executable => FILENAME

           . hostname => HOSTNAME|ARRAY-OF-HOSTNAMES

           . interval => SECONDS

           . log => LEVEL

           . password => STRING

           . port => INTEGER

           . proxy => PATH

           . retry => NUMBER|undef

           . timeout => SECONDS

           . trace => LEVEL

           . username => STRING

           . via => CLASS|NAME

       Sending mail

       $obj->destinations(MESSAGE, [ADDRESS|ARRAY-OF-ADDRESSES])

           Determine the destination for this message.  If a valid ADDRESS is
           defined, this is used to overrule the addresses within the message.
           If the ADDRESS is "undef" it is ignored.

           If no ADDRESS is specified, the message is scanned for resent
           groups (see Mail::Message::Head::Complete::resentGroups()).  The
           addresses found in the first (is latest added) group are used.  If
           no resent groups are found, the normal "To", "Cc", and "Bcc" lines
           are taken.

       $obj->putContent(MESSAGE, FILEHANDLE, OPTIONS)

           Print the content of the MESSAGE to the FILEHANDLE.

            Option     --Default
            body_only    <false>
            undisclosed  <false>

           . body_only => BOOLEAN

               Print only the body of the message, not the whole.

           . undisclosed => BOOLEAN

               Do not print the "Bcc" and "Resent-Bcc" lines.  Default false,
               which means that they are not printed.

       $obj->send(MESSAGE, OPTIONS)

           Transmit the MESSAGE, which may be anything what can be coerced
           into a Mail::Message, so including Mail::Internet and MIME::Entity
           messages.  It returns true when the transmission was successfully

            Option  --Default
            interval  new(interval)
            retry     new(retry)
            to        undef

           . interval => SECONDS

           . retry => INTEGER

           . to => STRING

               Overrules the destination(s) of the message, which is by
               default taken from the (Resent-)To, (Resent-)Cc, and

       $obj->trySend(MESSAGE, OPTIONS)

           Try to send the message. This will return true if successful, and
           false in case some problems where detected.  The $? contains the
           exit status of the command which was started.

       Server connection

       $obj->findBinary(NAME [, DIRECTORIES])

           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport


           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport


           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport

       Error handling


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

       Mail::Transport::Send->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter



           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter



           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

       Warning: Message has no destination

           It was not possible to figure-out where the message is intended to
           go to.

       Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

           Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does
           not implement this method where it should. This message means that
           some other related classes do implement this method however the
           class at hand does not.  Probably you should investigate this and
           probably inform the author of the package.

       Warning: Resent group does not specify a destination

           The message which is sent is the result of a bounce (for instance
           created with Mail::Message::bounce()), and therefore starts with a
           "Received" header field.  With the "bounce", the new destination(s)
           of the message are given, which should be included as "Resent-To",
           "Resent-Cc", and "Resent-Bcc".

           The "To", "Cc", and "Bcc" header information is only used if no
           "Received" was found.  That seems to be the best explanation of the

           As alternative, you may also specify the "to" option to some of the
           senders (for instance Mail::Transport::SMTP::send(to) to overrule
           any information found in the message itself about the destination.

       Error: Transporters of type $class cannot send.

           The Mail::Transport object of the specified type can not send
           messages, but only receive message.

       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.082, built on
       April 28, 2008. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

       Copyrights 2001-2008 by Mark Overmeer. For other contributors see

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See

perl v5.10.0                      2008-04-28        Mail::Transport::Send(3pm)