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Mail::Transport::MailxUser)Contributed Perl DocumenMail::Transport::Mailx(3pm)

       Mail::Transport::Mailx - transmit messages using external mailx program

          is a Mail::Transport::Send
          is a Mail::Transport
          is a Mail::Reporter

        my $sender = Mail::Transport::Mailx->new(...);

       Implements mail transport using the external programs 'mailx', "Mail",
       or 'mail'.  When instantiated, the mailer will look for any of these
       binaries in specific system directories, and the first program found is

       WARNING: There are many security issues with mail and mailx. DO NOT USE
       these commands to send messages which contains data derived from any
       external source!!!

       Under Linux, freebsd, and bsdos the "mail", "Mail", and "mailx" names
       are just links to the same binary.  The implementation is very
       primitive, pre-MIME standard,  what may cause many headers to be lost.
       For these platforms (and probably for other platforms as well), you can
       better not use this transport mechanism.



        Option    --Defined in     --Default
        executable  Mail::Transport  undef
        hostname    Mail::Transport  'localhost'
        interval    Mail::Transport  30
        log         Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
        password    Mail::Transport  undef
        port        Mail::Transport  undef
        proxy       Mail::Transport  undef
        retry       Mail::Transport  <false>
        style                        <autodetect>
        timeout     Mail::Transport  120
        trace       Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
        username    Mail::Transport  undef
        via         Mail::Transport  'mailx'

           . executable => FILENAME

           . hostname => HOSTNAME|ARRAY-OF-HOSTNAMES

           . interval => SECONDS

           . log => LEVEL

           . password => STRING

           . port => INTEGER

           . proxy => PATH

           . retry => NUMBER|undef

           . style => 'BSD'|'RFC822'

               There are two version of the "mail" program.  The newest
               accepts RFC822 messages, and automagically collect information
               about where the message is to be send to.  The BSD style mail
               command predates MIME, and expects lines which start with a '~'
               (tilde) to specify destinations and such.  This field is
               autodetect, however on some platforms both versions of "mail"
               can live (like various Linux distributions).

           . timeout => SECONDS

           . trace => LEVEL

           . username => STRING

           . via => CLASS|NAME

       Sending mail

       $obj->destinations(MESSAGE, [ADDRESS|ARRAY-OF-ADDRESSES])

           See "Sending mail" in Mail::Transport::Send

       $obj->putContent(MESSAGE, FILEHANDLE, OPTIONS)

           See "Sending mail" in Mail::Transport::Send

       $obj->send(MESSAGE, OPTIONS)

           See "Sending mail" in Mail::Transport::Send

       $obj->trySend(MESSAGE, OPTIONS)

       Server connection

       $obj->findBinary(NAME [, DIRECTORIES])

           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport


           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport


           See "Server connection" in Mail::Transport

       Error handling


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

       Mail::Transport::Mailx->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter



           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter



           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter


           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

       Warning: Message has no destination

           It was not possible to figure-out where the message is intended to
           go to.

       Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

           Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does
           not implement this method where it should. This message means that
           some other related classes do implement this method however the
           class at hand does not.  Probably you should investigate this and
           probably inform the author of the package.

       Warning: Resent group does not specify a destination

           The message which is sent is the result of a bounce (for instance
           created with Mail::Message::bounce()), and therefore starts with a
           "Received" header field.  With the "bounce", the new destination(s)
           of the message are given, which should be included as "Resent-To",
           "Resent-Cc", and "Resent-Bcc".

           The "To", "Cc", and "Bcc" header information is only used if no
           "Received" was found.  That seems to be the best explanation of the

           As alternative, you may also specify the "to" option to some of the
           senders (for instance Mail::Transport::SMTP::send(to) to overrule
           any information found in the message itself about the destination.

       Error: Sending via mailx mailer $program failed: $! ($?)

           Mailx (in some shape: there are many different implementations) did
           start accepting messages, but did not succeed sending it.

       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.082, built on
       April 28, 2008. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

       Copyrights 2001-2008 by Mark Overmeer. For other contributors see

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See

perl v5.10.0                      2008-04-28       Mail::Transport::Mailx(3pm)