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Mail::SPF::Record(3pm)User Contributed Perl DocumentatioMail::SPF::Record(3pm)



NAME
       Mail::SPF::Record - Abstract base class for SPF records

SYNOPSIS
       Creating a record from a string

           use Mail::SPF::v1::Record;

           my $record = Mail::SPF::v1::Record->new_from_string("v=spf1 a mx -all");

       Creating a record synthetically

           use Mail::SPF::v2::Record;

           my $record = Mail::SPF::v2::Record->new(
               scopes      => ['mfrom', 'pra'],
               terms       => [
                   Mail::SPF::Mech::A->new(),
                   Mail::SPF::Mech::MX->new(),
                   Mail::SPF::Mech::All->new(qualifier => '-')
               ],
               global_mods => [
                   Mail::SPF::Mod::Exp->new(domain_spec => 'spf-exp.example.com')
               ]
           );

DESCRIPTION
       Mail::SPF::Record is an abstract base class for SPF records.  It cannot
       be instantiated directly.  Create an instance of a concrete sub-class
       instead.

       Constructor

       The following constructors are provided:

       new(%options): returns Mail::SPF::Record
           Creates a new SPF record object.

           %options is a list of key/value pairs representing any of the fol-
           lowing options:

           text
               A string denoting the unparsed text of the record.

           scopes
               A reference to an array of strings denoting the scopes that are
               covered by the record (see the description of the "scope"
               option of Mail::SPF::Request's "new" constructor).

           terms
               A reference to an array of Mail::SPF::Term (i.e.
               Mail::SPF::Mech or Mail::SPF::Mod) objects that make up the
               record.  Mail::SPF::GlobalMod objects must not be included
               here, but should be specified using the "global_mods" option
               instead.

           global_mods
               A reference to an array of Mail::SPF::GlobalMod objects that
               are global modifiers of the record.

       new_from_string($text): returns Mail::SPF::Record; throws
       Mail::SPF::ENothingToParse, Mail::SPF::EInvalidRecordVersion,
       Mail::SPF::ESyntaxError
           Creates a new SPF record object by parsing the given string.

       Class methods

       The following class methods are provided:

       version_tag_pattern: returns Regexp
           Abstract.  Returns a regular expression that matches a legal ver-
           sion tag.

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::Record.

       default_qualifier: returns string
           Returns the default qualifier, i.e. '+'.

       results_by_qualifier: returns hash of string
           Returns a reference to a hash that maps qualifiers to result codes
           as follows:

                Qualifier | Result code
               -----------+-------------
                    +     | pass
                    -     | fail
                    ~     | softfail
                    ?     | neutral

       Instance methods

       The following instance methods are provided:

       text: returns string; throws Mail::SPF::ENoUnparsedText
           Returns the unparsed text of the record.  Throws a
           Mail::SPF::ENoUnparsedText exception if the record was created syn-
           thetically instead of being parsed, and no text was provided.

       version_tag: returns string
           Abstract.  Returns the version tag of the record.

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::Record.

       scopes: returns list of string
           Returns a list of the scopes that are covered by the record.  See
           the description of the "new" constructor's "scopes" option.

       terms: returns list of Mail::SPF::Term
           Returns a list of the terms that make up the record, excluding any
           global modifiers, which are returned by the "global_mods" method.
           See the description of the "new" constructor's "terms" option.

       global_mods: returns list of Mail::SPF::GlobalMod
           Returns a list of the global modifiers of the record, ordered
           ascending by modifier precedence.  See the description of the "new"
           constructor's "global_mods" option.

       global_mod($mod_name): returns Mail::SPF::GlobalMod
           Returns the global modifier of the given name if it is present in
           the record.  Returns undef otherwise.  Use this method if you wish
           to retrieve a specific global modifier as opposed to getting all of
           them.

       stringify: returns string
           Returns the record's version tag and terms (including the global
           modifiers) formatted as a string.  You can simply use a
           Mail::SPF::Record object as a string for the same effect, see
           "OVERLOADING".

       eval($server, $request): throws Mail::SPF::Result
           Evaluates the SPF record in the context of the request parameters
           represented by the given Mail::SPF::Request object.  The given
           Mail::SPF::Server object is used for performing DNS look-ups.
           Throws a Mail::SPF::Result object matching the outcome of the eval-
           uation; see Mail::SPF::Result.  See RFC 4408, 4.6 and 4.7, for the
           exact algorithm used.

OVERLOADING
       If a Mail::SPF::Record object is used as a string, the "stringify"
       method is used to convert the object into a string.

SEE ALSO
       Mail::SPF, Mail::SPF::v1::Record, Mail::SPF::v2::Record,
       Mail::SPF::Term, Mail::SPF::Mech, Mail::SPF::Mod

       <http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4408.txt>;

       For availability, support, and license information, see the README file
       included with Mail::SPF.

AUTHORS
       Julian Mehnle <julianATmehnle.net>, Shevek <cpanATanarres.org>



perl v5.8.8                       2007-10-07            Mail::SPF::Record(3pm)