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Mail::SPF::Mod(3pm)   User Contributed Perl Documentation  Mail::SPF::Mod(3pm)



NAME
       Mail::SPF::Mod - SPF record modifier base class

DESCRIPTION
       An object of class Mail::SPF::Mod represents a modifier within an SPF
       record.  Mail::SPF::Mod cannot be instantiated directly.  Create an
       instance of a concrete sub-class instead.

       Constructors

       The following constructors are provided:

       new(%options): returns Mail::SPF::Mod
           Abstract.  Creates a new SPF record modifier object.

           %options is a list of key/value pairs representing any of the fol-
           lowing options:

           text
               A string denoting the unparsed text of the modifier.

           name
               A string denoting the name of the modifier.  Required if a
               generic Mail::SPF::Mod object (as opposed to a specific
               sub-class) is being constructed.

           domain_spec
               Either a plain string or a Mail::SPF::MacroString object denot-
               ing an optional "domain-spec" parameter of the mechanism.

       new_from_string($text): returns Mail::SPF::Mod; throws
       Mail::SPF::ENothingToParse, Mail::SPF::EInvalidMod
           Abstract.  Creates a new SPF record modifier object by parsing the
           given string.

       Class methods

       The following class methods are provided:

       name_pattern: returns Regexp
           Returns a regular expression that matches any legal modifier name.

       Instance methods

       The following instance methods are provided:

       text: returns string; throws Mail::SPF::ENoUnparsedText
           Returns the unparsed text of the modifier.  Throws a
           Mail::SPF::ENoUnparsedText exception if the modifier was created
           synthetically instead of being parsed, and no text was provided.

       name: returns string
           Returns the name of the modifier.

       params: returns string
           Abstract.  Returns the modifier's parameters formatted as a string.

           A sub-class of Mail::SPF::Mod does not have to implement this
           method if it supports no parameters, although this is highly
           unlikely.

       stringify: returns string
           Formats the modifier's name and parameters as a string and returns
           it.  You can simply use a Mail::SPF::Mod object as a string for the
           same effect, see "OVERLOADING".

       process: throws Mail::SPF::Result, Mail::SPF::Result::Error,
       Mail::SPF::Exception
           Abstract.  Processes the modifier.  What that means depends on the
           actual implementation in sub-classes.  See "MODIFIER TYPES" below.

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::Mod.

MODIFIER TYPES
       There are different basic types of modifiers, which are described
       below.  All of them are provided by the Mail::SPF::Mod module.

       Global modifiers - Mail::SPF::GlobalMod

       SPFv1 (RFC 4408) only knows "global" modifiers.  A global modifier may
       appear anywhere in an SPF record, but only once.  During evaluation of
       the record, global modifiers are processed after the last mechanism has
       been evaluated and an SPF result has been determined.

       The following additional class method is provided by Mail::SPF::Glob-
       alMod:

       precedence: returns real
           Abstract.  Returns a real number between 0 and 1 denoting the
           precedence of the type of the global modifier.  Global modifiers
           present in an SPF record are processed in the order of their prece-
           dence values, 0 meaning "first".

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::GlobalMod.

       The following specific instance method is provided by Mail::SPF::Glob-
       alMod:

       process($server, $request, $result): throws Mail::SPF::Result
           Abstract.  Processes the modifier.  What that means depends on the
           actual implementation in sub-classes.  Takes both a
           Mail::SPF::Server and a Mail::SPF::Request object.  As global modi-
           fiers are generally processed after an SPF result has already been
           determined, takes also the current Mail::SPF::Result.  If the modi-
           fier wishes to modify the SPF result, it may throw a different
           Mail::SPF::Result object.

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::GlobalMod.

       Positional modifiers - Mail::SPF::PositionalMod

       Sender ID (RFC 4406) introduces the concept of "positional" modifiers.
       According to RFC 4406, a positional modifier must follow a mechanism
       and applies to that, and only that, mechanism.  However, because this
       definition is not very useful, and because no positional modifiers have
       been defined based on it as of yet, Mail::SPF deviates from RFC 4406 as
       follows:

       A positional modifier may appear anywhere in an SPF record, and it is
       stateful, i.e. it applies to all mechanisms and modifiers that follow
       it.  Positional modifiers are generally multiple, i.e. they may appear
       any number of times throughout the record.  During evaluation of the
       record, positional modifiers are processed at exactly the time when
       they are encountered by the evaluator.  Consequently, all positional
       modifiers are processed before an SPF result is determined.

       The following specific instance method is provided by Mail::SPF::Posi-
       tionalMod:

       process($server, $request): throws Mail::SPF::Result::Error,
       Mail::SPF::Exception
           Abstract.  Processes the modifier.  What that means depends on the
           actual implementation in sub-classes.  Takes both a
           Mail::SPF::Server and a Mail::SPF::Request object.  As global modi-
           fiers are generally processed before an SPF result has been deter-
           mined, no result object is available to the modifier.  The modifier
           can (at least at this time) not directly modify the final SPF
           result, however it may throw an exception to signal an error condi-
           tion.

           This method is abstract and must be implemented by sub-classes of
           Mail::SPF::PositionalMod.

       Unknown modifiers - Mail::SPF::UnknownMod

       Both SPFv1 and Sender ID allow unknown modifiers to appear in SPF
       records in order to allow new modifiers to be introduced without break-
       ing existing implementations.  Obviously, unknown modifiers are neither
       global nor positional, but they may appear any number of times through-
       out the record and are simply ignored during evaluation of the record.

       Also obviously, Mail::SPF::UnknownMod does not support a "process"
       method.

       The following specific instance method is provided by
       Mail::SPF::UnknownMod:

       params: returns string
           Returns the modifier's unparsed value as a string.

OVERLOADING
       If a Mail::SPF::Mod object is used as a string, the "stringify" method
       is used to convert the object into a string.

SEE ALSO
       Mail::SPF::Mod::Redirect, Mail::SPF::Mod::Exp

       Mail::SPF, Mail::SPF::Record, Mail::SPF::Term

       <http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4408.txt>;

       For availability, support, and license information, see the README file
       included with Mail::SPF.

AUTHORS
       Julian Mehnle <julianATmehnle.net>, Shevek <cpanATanarres.org>



perl v5.8.8                       2007-10-07               Mail::SPF::Mod(3pm)