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Mail::Box::Thread::NodUsermContributed Perl DocumeMail::Box::Thread::Node(3pm)



NAME
       Mail::Box::Thread::Node - one node in a message thread

INHERITANCE
        Mail::Box::Thread::Node
          is a Mail::Reporter

SYNOPSIS
        my $node = Mail::Box::Thread::Node->new;
        $node->addMessage($message);
        ...

DESCRIPTION
       The "Mail::Box::Thread::Node" maintains one node in the linked list of
       threads.  Each node contains one message, and a list of its follow-ups.
       Next to that, it refers to its own ancestor and contains information
       about the trustworthiness of that relationship.

       To complicate things a little, because the thread-manager can maintain
       multiple folders, and merge there content, you may find the same
       message in more folders.  All versions of the same message (based on
       message-id) are stored in the same node.

METHODS
       Constructors

       Mail::Box::Thread::Node->new(OPTIONS)

           You will not call this method yourself. The
           Mail::Box::Thread::Manager object will call it to construct
           "Mail::Box::Thread::Node" objects.  Either a "message" or a
           "messageId" must be supplied.

            Option    --Defined in     --Default
            dummy_type                   undef
            log         Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
            message                      undef
            messageId                    undef
            trace       Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'

           . dummy_type => CLASS

               Indicates the class name of dummy messages. Dummy messages are
               placeholders in a Mail::Box::Thread::Manager data structure.

           . log => LEVEL

           . message => MESSAGE

               The MESSAGE which is stored in this node.  The message must be
               a Mail::Box::Message.

           . messageId => MESSAGE-ID

               The MESSAGE-ID for the message which is stored in this node.
               Only specify it when you don't have the message yet.

           . trace => LEVEL

       The thread node

       $obj->addMessage(MESSAGE)

           Add one message to the thread node.  If the node contains a dummy,
           then the dummy is replaced. Otherwise, the messages is added to the
           end of the list.

       $obj->expand([BOOLEAN])

           Returns whether this (part of the) folder has to be shown expanded
           or not.  This is simply done by a label, which means that most
           folder types can store this.

       $obj->isDummy

           Returns true if the message is a dummy. A dummy is a "hole" in a
           thread which has follow-ups but does not have a message.

       $obj->message

           Get the message which is stored in this thread node.  NOTE: the
           same message may be located in many folders at the same time, and
           these folders may be controlled by the same thread manager.

           In scalar context, this method returns the first instance of the
           message that is not deleted. If all instances are flagged for
           deletion, then you get the first deleted message. When the open
           folders only contain references to the message, but no instance,
           you get a dummy message (see Mail::Message::Dummy).

           In list context, all instances of the message which have been found
           are returned.

           example:

            my $threads = $mgr->threads(folders => [$draft, $sent]);
            my $node    = $draft->message(1)->thread;

            foreach my $instance ($node->message) {
               print "Found in ", $instance->folder, ".\n";
            }

            print "Subject is ", $node->message->subject, ".\n";

       $obj->messageId

           Return the message-id related to this thread node.  Each of the
           messages listed in this node will have the same ID.

       The thread order

       $obj->followUps

           Returns the list of follow-ups to this thread node.  This list may
           contain parsed, not-parsed, and dummy messages.

       $obj->followedBy(THREADS)

           Register that the THREADS are follow-ups to this message. These
           follow-ups need not be related to each other in any way other than
           sharing the same parent.

           Defining the same relation more than once will not cause
           information to be duplicated.

       $obj->follows(THREAD, QUALITY)

           Register that the current thread is a reply to the specified
           THREAD. The QUALITY of the relation is specified by the second
           argument.  The method returns "undef" if the link is not accepted
           in order to avoid circular references.

           The relation may be specified more than once, but only the most
           confident relation is used. For example, if a reply (QUALITY equals
           "REPLY") is specified, later calls to the follow method will have
           no effect. If "follows" is called with a QUALITY that matches the
           current quality, the new thread overrides the previous.

       $obj->repliedTo

           Returns the message(s) to which the message in this node replies.
           In scalar context, this method will return the message to which the
           message in this node replies. This message object may be a dummy
           message.

           If the message seems to be the first message of a thread, the value
           "undef" is returned.  (Remember that some MUA are not adding
           reference information to the message's header, so you can never be
           sure a message is the start of a thread)

           In list context, this method returns a second string value
           indicating the confidence that the messages are related.  When
           extended thread discovery is enabled, then some heuristics are
           applied to determine if messages are related. Values for the STRING
           may be:

           o   'REPLY'

               This relation was directly derived from an `in-reply-to'
               message header field. The relation has a high confidence.

           o   'REFERENCE'

               This relation is based on information found in a `Reference'
               message header field.  One message may reference a list of
               messages which precede it in the thread. The heuristic attempts
               to determine relationships between messages assuming that the
               references are in order.  This relation has a lower confidence.

           o   'GUESS'

               The relation is a big guess, with low confidence.  It may be
               based on a subject which seems to be related, or commonalities
               in the message's body.

           More constants may be added later.

           example:

            my $question = $answer->repliedTo;
            my ($question, $quality) = $answer->repliedTo;
            if($question && $quality eq 'REPLY') { ... };

       $obj->sortedFollowUps([PREPARE [,COMPARE]])

           Returns the list of followUps(), but sorted.  By default sorting is
           based on the estimated time of the reply. See startTimeEstimate().

       On the whole thread

       Some convenience methods are added to threads, to simplify retrieving
       information from it.

       $obj->endTimeEstimate

           Returns a guess as to when the thread has ended (although you never
           know for sure whether there fill follow messages in the future).

       $obj->ids

           Returns all the ids in the thread starting at the current thread
           node.

           example:

            $newfolder->addMessages($folder->ids($thread->ids));
            $folder->delete($thread->ids);

       $obj->numberOfMessages

           Number of messages in the thread starting at the current thread
           node, but not counting the dummies.

       $obj->recurse(CODE-REF)

           Execute a function for all sub-threads.  If the subroutine returns
           true, sub-threads are visited recursively. Otherwise, the current
           branch traversal is aborted. The routine is called with the thread-
           node as the only argument.

       $obj->startTimeEstimate

           Returns a guess as to when the thread was started.  Each message
           contains various date specifications (each with various
           uncertainties resulting from timezones and out-of-sync clocks). One
           of these date specifications is used as the timestamp for the
           message. If the node contains a dummy message the lowest timestamp
           of the replies is returned. Otherwise the estimated timestamp of
           the node's message is returned.

       $obj->threadMessages

           Returns all the messages in the thread starting at the current
           thread node.  This list will not include dummies.

           example:

            my @t = $folder->message(3)
                           ->threadStart
                           ->threadMessages;

       $obj->threadToString([CODE])

           Translate a thread into a string. The string will contain at least
           one line for each message which was found, but tries to fold
           dummies.  This is useful for debugging, but most message readers
           will prefer to implement their own thread printer.

           The optional CODE argument is a reference to a routine which will
           be called for each message in the thread.  The routine will be
           called with the message as the first argument.  The default shows
           the subject of the message.  In the first example below, this
           routine is called seven times.

           example:

            print $node->threadToString;

           may result in

            Subject of this message
            |- Re: Subject of this message
            |-*- Re: Re: Subject of this message
            | |- Re(2) Subject of this message
            | |- [3] Re(2) Subject of this message
            | `- Re: Subject of this message (reply)
            `- Re: Subject of this message

           The `*' represents a missing message (a "dummy" message).  The
           `[3]' presents a folded thread with three messages.

            print $node->threadToString(\&show);

            sub show($) {
               my $message = shift;
               my $subject = $message->head->get('subject');
               length $subject ? $subject : '<no subject>';
            }

       $obj->totalSize

           Returns the sum of the size of all the messages in the thread.

       Error handling

       $obj->AUTOLOAD

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->addReport(OBJECT)

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])

       Mail::Box::Thread::Node->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL,
       TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->errors

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

       Mail::Box::Thread::Node->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logPriority(LEVEL)

       Mail::Box::Thread::Node->logPriority(LEVEL)

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logSettings

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->notImplemented

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->report([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->reportAll([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->trace([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->warnings

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       Cleanup

       $obj->DESTROY

           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->inGlobalDestruction

           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

DIAGNOSTICS
       Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

           Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does
           not implement this method where it should. This message means that
           some other related classes do implement this method however the
           class at hand does not.  Probably you should investigate this and
           probably inform the author of the package.

SEE ALSO
       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.082, built on
       April 28, 2008. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE
       Copyrights 2001-2008 by Mark Overmeer. For other contributors see
       ChangeLog.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See
       http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html



perl v5.10.0                      2008-04-28      Mail::Box::Thread::Node(3pm)