unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (Debian-5.0)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

Mail::Box::Maildir::MeUsereContributed Perl DoMail::Box::Maildir::Message(3pm)



NAME
       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message - one message in a Maildir folder

INHERITANCE
        Mail::Box::Maildir::Message
          is a Mail::Box::Dir::Message
          is a Mail::Box::Message
          is a Mail::Message
          is a Mail::Reporter

SYNOPSIS
        my $folder = new Mail::Box::Maildir ...
        my $message = $folder->message(10);

DESCRIPTION
       A "Mail::Box::Maildir::Message" represents one message in an
       Mail::Box::Maildir folder. Each message is stored in a separate file.

METHODS
       Constructors

       $obj->clone(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructors" in Mail::Message

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->new(OPTIONS)

           See "METHODS" in Mail::Box::Dir::Message

       Constructing a message

       $obj->bounce([RG-OBJECT|OPTIONS])

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Bounce

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->build([MESSAGE|PART|BODY], CONTENT)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Build

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->buildFromBody(BODY, [HEAD], HEADERS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Build

       $obj->forward(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardAttach(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardEncapsulate(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardInline(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardNo(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardPostlude

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardPrelude

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       $obj->forwardSubject(STRING)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->read(FILEHANDLE|SCALAR|REF-SCALAR|ARRAY-OF-LINES,
       OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Read

       $obj->rebuild(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild

       $obj->reply(OPTIONS)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply

       $obj->replyPrelude([STRING|FIELD|ADDRESS|ARRAY-OF-THINGS])

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply

       $obj->replySubject(STRING)

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->replySubject(STRING)

           See "Constructing a message" in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply

       The message

       $obj->container

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->copyTo(FOLDER, OPTIONS)

           See "The message" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->filename([FILENAME])

           Returns the current filename for this message.  If the FILENAME
           argument is specified, a new filename will be set.  For maildir
           messages this means that modifications are immediately performed:
           there will be a rename (move) from the old name to the new name.
           Labels may change within in the message object as well.

       $obj->folder([FOLDER])

           See "The message" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->isDummy

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->isPart

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->messageId

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->moveTo(FOLDER, OPTIONS)

           See "The message" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->print([FILEHANDLE])

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->send([MAILER], OPTIONS)

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->seqnr([INTEGER])

           See "The message" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->size

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->toplevel

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       $obj->write([FILEHANDLE])

           See "The message" in Mail::Message

       The header

       $obj->bcc

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->cc

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->date

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->destinations

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->from

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->get(FIELDNAME)

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->guessTimestamp

           The filename of a "Mail::Box::Maildir::Message" contains a
           timestamp.  This is a wild guess about the actual time of sending
           of the message: it is the time of receipt which may be seconds to
           hours off.  But is still a good guess...  When the message header
           is not parsed, then this date is used.

       $obj->head([HEAD])

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->nrLines

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->sender

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->study(FIELDNAME)

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->subject

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->timestamp

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       $obj->to

           See "The header" in Mail::Message

       The body

       $obj->body([BODY])

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->contentType

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->decoded(OPTIONS)

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->encode(OPTIONS)

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->isMultipart

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->isNested

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       $obj->parts(['ALL'|'ACTIVE'|'DELETED'|'RECURSE'|FILTER])

           See "The body" in Mail::Message

       Flags

       $obj->delete

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->deleted([BOOLEAN])

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->isDeleted

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->isModified

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->label(LABEL|PAIRS)

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->labels

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->labelsToStatus

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->modified([BOOLEAN])

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       $obj->statusToLabels

           See "Flags" in Mail::Message

       The whole message as text

       $obj->file

           See "The whole message as text" in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

       $obj->lines

           See "The whole message as text" in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

       $obj->printStructure([FILEHANDLE|undef],[INDENT])

           See "The whole message as text" in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

       $obj->string

           See "The whole message as text" in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

       Labels

       $obj->labelsToFilename

           When the labels on a message change, this may implicate a change in
           the message's filename.  The change will take place immediately.
           The new filename (which may be the same as the old filename) is
           returned.  "undef" is returned when the rename is required but
           fails.

       Internals

       $obj->accept([BOOLEAN])

           Accept a message for the folder.  This will move it from the "new"
           or "tmp" sub-directories into the "cur" sub-directory (or back when
           the BOOLEAN is "false").  When you accept an already accepted
           message, nothing will happen.

       $obj->clonedFrom

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->coerce(MESSAGE, OPTIONS)

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       $obj->create(FILENAME)

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Dir::Message

       $obj->diskDelete

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->isDelayed

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       $obj->loadBody

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Dir::Message

       $obj->loadHead

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Dir::Message

       $obj->parser

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Dir::Message

       $obj->readBody(PARSER, HEAD [, BODYTYPE])

           See "Internals" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->readFromParser(PARSER, [BODYTYPE])

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       $obj->readHead(PARSER [,CLASS])

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       $obj->recursiveRebuildPart(PART, OPTIONS)

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild

       $obj->storeBody(BODY)

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       $obj->takeMessageId([STRING])

           See "Internals" in Mail::Message

       Error handling

       $obj->AUTOLOAD

           See "METHODS" in Mail::Message::Construct

       $obj->addReport(OBJECT)

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL,
       TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->errors

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logPriority(LEVEL)

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->logPriority(LEVEL)

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->logSettings

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->notImplemented

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->report([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->reportAll([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->shortSize([VALUE])

       Mail::Box::Maildir::Message->shortSize([VALUE])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Message

       $obj->shortString

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Message

       $obj->trace([LEVEL])

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       $obj->warnings

           See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

       Cleanup

       $obj->DESTROY

           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Message

       $obj->destruct

           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Box::Message

       $obj->inGlobalDestruction

           See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

DETAILS
       Labels

       Flags in filename

       When new messages arrive on system and have to be stored in a maildir
       folder, they are put in the "new" sub-directory of the folder (first
       created in the "tmp" sub-directory and then immediately moved to
       "new").  The following information was found at
       <http://cr.yp.to/proto/maildir.html>;.

       Each message is written in a separate file.  The filename is
       constructed from the time-of-arrival, a hostname, an unique component,
       a syntax marker, and flags. For example "1014220791.meteor.42:2,DF".
       The filename must match:

        my ($time, $unique, $hostname, $info)
           = $filename =~ m!^(\d+)\.(.*)\.(\w+)(\:.*)?$!;
        my ($semantics, $flags)
           = $info =~ m!([12])\,([DFPRST]*)$!;
        my @flags = split //, $flags;

       When an application opens the folder, there may be messages in "new"
       which are new arival, and messages in "cur".  The latter are labeled
       "accepted".  To move a message from "new" to "cur", you have two
       options with the same effect:

         $msg->accept;
         $msg->label(accept => 1);

       See accept(), label(), Mail::Box::Maildir::new(accept_new), and
       Mail::Box::Maildir::acceptMessages()

       The messages are moved, and their name is immediately extended with
       flags.  An example:

        new/897979431.meteor.42      may become
        cur/897979431.meteor.42:2,FS

       The added characters ':2,' refer to the "second state of processing",
       where the message has been inspected.  And the characters (which should
       be in alphabetic order) mean

        D      => draft
        F      => flagged
        R      => replied  (answered)
        S      => seen
        T      => deleted  (tagged for deletion)

       Some maildir clients support
        P      => passed   (resent/forwarded/bounced to someone else)

       The flags will immediately change when label() or delete() is used,
       which differs from other message implementations: maildir is stateless,
       and should not break when applications crash.

DIAGNOSTICS
       Error: Cannot coerce a $class object into a $class object

       Error: Cannot create parser for $filename.

           For some reason (the previous message have told you already) it was
           not possible to create a message parser for the specified filename.

       Error: Cannot include forward source as $include.

           Unknown alternative for the forward(include).  Valid choices are
           "NO", "INLINE", "ATTACH", and "ENCAPSULATE".

       Error: Cannot include reply source as $include.

           Unknown alternative for the "include" option of reply().  Valid
           choices are "NO", "INLINE", and "ATTACH".

       Error: Cannot write message to $filename: $!

           When a modified or new message is written to disk, it is first
           written to a temporary file in the folder directory.  For some
           reason, it is impossible to create this file.

       Error: Failed to move $new to $filename: $!

           When a modified or new message is written to disk, it is first
           written to a temporary file in the folder directory.  Then, the new
           file is moved to replace the existing file.  Apparently, the latter
           fails.

       Error: Method bounce requires To, Cc, or Bcc

           The message bounce() method forwards a received message off to
           someone else without modification; you must specified it's new
           destination.  If you have the urge not to specify any destination,
           you probably are looking for reply(). When you wish to modify the
           content, use forward().

       Error: Method forwardAttach requires a preamble

       Error: Method forwardEncapsulate requires a preamble

       Error: No address to create forwarded to.

           If a forward message is created, a destination address must be
           specified.

       Error: No default mailer found to send message.

           The message send() mechanism had not enough information to
           automatically find a mail transfer agent to sent this message.
           Specify a mailer explicitly using the "via" options.

       Error: No rebuild rule $name defined.

       Error: Only build() Mail::Message's; they are not in a folder yet

           You may wish to construct a message to be stored in a some kind of
           folder, but you need to do that in two steps.  First, create a
           normal Mail::Message, and then add it to the folder.  During this
           Mail::Box::addMessage() process, the message will get coerce()-d
           into the right message type, adding storage information and the
           like.

       Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

           Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does
           not implement this method where it should. This message means that
           some other related classes do implement this method however the
           class at hand does not.  Probably you should investigate this and
           probably inform the author of the package.

       Error: Unable to read delayed body.

           For some reason, the header of the message could be read, but the
           body cannot.  Probably the file has disappeared or the permissions
           were changed during the progress of the program.

       Error: Unable to read delayed head.

           Mail::Box tries to be lazy with respect to parsing messages.  When
           a directory organized folder is opened, only the filenames of
           messages are collected.  At first use, the messages are read from
           their file.  Apperently, a message is used for the first time here,
           but has disappeared or is unreadible for some other reason.

       Error: coercion starts with some object

SEE ALSO
       This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.082, built on
       April 28, 2008. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE
       Copyrights 2001-2008 by Mark Overmeer. For other contributors see
       ChangeLog.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.  See
       http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html



perl v5.10.0                      2008-04-28  Mail::Box::Maildir::Message(3pm)