unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (Debian-5.0)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

HTTP::Cookies(3pm)    User Contributed Perl Documentation   HTTP::Cookies(3pm)



NAME
       HTTP::Cookies - HTTP cookie jars

SYNOPSIS
         use HTTP::Cookies;
         $cookie_jar = HTTP::Cookies->new(
           file => "$ENV{'HOME'}/lwp_cookies.dat',
           autosave => 1,
         );

         use LWP;
         my $browser = LWP::UserAgent->new;
         $browser->cookie_jar($cookie_jar);

       Or for an empty and temporary cookie jar:

         use LWP;
         my $browser = LWP::UserAgent->new;
         $browser->cookie_jar( {} );

DESCRIPTION
       This class is for objects that represent a "cookie jar" -- that is, a
       database of all the HTTP cookies that a given LWP::UserAgent object
       knows about.

       Cookies are a general mechanism which server side connections can use
       to both store and retrieve information on the client side of the
       connection.  For more information about cookies refer to
       <URL:http://wp.netscape.com/newsref/std/cookie_spec.html>; and
       <URL:http://www.cookiecentral.com/>;.  This module also implements the
       new style cookies described in RFC 2965.  The two variants of cookies
       are supposed to be able to coexist happily.

       Instances of the class HTTP::Cookies are able to store a collection of
       Set-Cookie2: and Set-Cookie: headers and are able to use this
       information to initialize Cookie-headers in HTTP::Request objects.  The
       state of a HTTP::Cookies object can be saved in and restored from
       files.

METHODS
       The following methods are provided:

       $cookie_jar = HTTP::Cookies->new
           The constructor takes hash style parameters.  The following
           parameters are recognized:

             file:            name of the file to restore cookies from and save cookies to
             autosave:        save during destruction (bool)
             ignore_discard:  save even cookies that are requested to be discarded (bool)
             hide_cookie2:    do not add Cookie2 header to requests

           Future parameters might include (not yet implemented):

             max_cookies               300
             max_cookies_per_domain    20
             max_cookie_size           4096

             no_cookies   list of domain names that we never return cookies to

       $cookie_jar->add_cookie_header( $request )
           The add_cookie_header() method will set the appropriate
           Cookie:-header for the HTTP::Request object given as argument.  The
           $request must have a valid url attribute before this method is
           called.

       $cookie_jar->extract_cookies( $response )
           The extract_cookies() method will look for Set-Cookie: and
           Set-Cookie2: headers in the HTTP::Response object passed as
           argument.  Any of these headers that are found are used to update
           the state of the $cookie_jar.

       $cookie_jar->set_cookie( $version, $key, $val, $path, $domain, $port,
       $path_spec, $secure, $maxage, $discard, \%rest )
           The set_cookie() method updates the state of the $cookie_jar.  The
           $key, $val, $domain, $port and $path arguments are strings.  The
           $path_spec, $secure, $discard arguments are boolean values. The
           $maxage value is a number indicating number of seconds that this
           cookie will live.  A value <= 0 will delete this cookie.  %rest
           defines various other attributes like "Comment" and "CommentURL".

       $cookie_jar->save
       $cookie_jar->save( $file )
           This method file saves the state of the $cookie_jar to a file.  The
           state can then be restored later using the load() method.  If a
           filename is not specified we will use the name specified during
           construction.  If the attribute ignore_discard is set, then we will
           even save cookies that are marked to be discarded.

           The default is to save a sequence of "Set-Cookie3" lines.
           "Set-Cookie3" is a proprietary LWP format, not known to be
           compatible with any browser.  The HTTP::Cookies::Netscape sub-class
           can be used to save in a format compatible with Netscape.

       $cookie_jar->load
       $cookie_jar->load( $file )
           This method reads the cookies from the file and adds them to the
           $cookie_jar.  The file must be in the format written by the save()
           method.

       $cookie_jar->revert
           This method empties the $cookie_jar and re-loads the $cookie_jar
           from the last save file.

       $cookie_jar->clear
       $cookie_jar->clear( $domain )
       $cookie_jar->clear( $domain, $path )
       $cookie_jar->clear( $domain, $path, $key )
           Invoking this method without arguments will empty the whole
           $cookie_jar.  If given a single argument only cookies belonging to
           that domain will be removed.  If given two arguments, cookies
           belonging to the specified path within that domain are removed.  If
           given three arguments, then the cookie with the specified key, path
           and domain is removed.

       $cookie_jar->clear_temporary_cookies
           Discard all temporary cookies. Scans for all cookies in the jar
           with either no expire field or a true "discard" flag. To be called
           when the user agent shuts down according to RFC 2965.

       $cookie_jar->scan( \&callback )
           The argument is a subroutine that will be invoked for each cookie
           stored in the $cookie_jar.  The subroutine will be invoked with the
           following arguments:

             0  version
             1  key
             2  val
             3  path
             4  domain
             5  port
             6  path_spec
             7  secure
             8  expires
             9  discard
            10  hash

       $cookie_jar->as_string
       $cookie_jar->as_string( $skip_discardables )
           The as_string() method will return the state of the $cookie_jar
           represented as a sequence of "Set-Cookie3" header lines separated
           by "\n".  If $skip_discardables is TRUE, it will not return lines
           for cookies with the Discard attribute.

SEE ALSO
       HTTP::Cookies::Netscape, HTTP::Cookies::Microsoft

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 1997-2002 Gisle Aas

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.



perl v5.10.0                      2008-04-07                HTTP::Cookies(3pm)