unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (NetBSD-6.1.5)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

EVP_BytesToKey(3)                   OpenSSL                  EVP_BytesToKey(3)



NAME
       EVP_BytesToKey - password based encryption routine

LIBRARY
       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS
        #include <openssl/evp.h>

        int EVP_BytesToKey(const EVP_CIPHER *type,const EVP_MD *md,
                              const unsigned char *salt,
                              const unsigned char *data, int datal, int count,
                              unsigned char *key,unsigned char *iv);

DESCRIPTION
       EVP_BytesToKey() derives a key and IV from various parameters. type is
       the cipher to derive the key and IV for. md is the message digest to
       use.  The salt parameter is used as a salt in the derivation: it should
       point to an 8 byte buffer or NULL if no salt is used. data is a buffer
       containing datal bytes which is used to derive the keying data. count
       is the iteration count to use. The derived key and IV will be written
       to key and iv respectively.

NOTES
       A typical application of this function is to derive keying material for
       an encryption algorithm from a password in the data parameter.

       Increasing the count parameter slows down the algorithm which makes it
       harder for an attacker to peform a brute force attack using a large
       number of candidate passwords.

       If the total key and IV length is less than the digest length and MD5
       is used then the derivation algorithm is compatible with PKCS#5 v1.5
       otherwise a non standard extension is used to derive the extra data.

       Newer applications should use more standard algorithms such as PKCS#5
       v2.0 for key derivation.

KEY DERIVATION ALGORITHM
       The key and IV is derived by concatenating D_1, D_2, etc until enough
       data is available for the key and IV. D_i is defined as:

               D_i = HASH^count(D_(i-1) || data || salt)

       where || denotes concatentaion, D_0 is empty, HASH is the digest
       algorithm in use, HASH^1(data) is simply HASH(data), HASH^2(data) is
       HASH(HASH(data)) and so on.

       The initial bytes are used for the key and the subsequent bytes for the
       IV.

RETURN VALUES
       EVP_BytesToKey() returns the size of the derived key in bytes.

SEE ALSO
       openssl_evp(3), openssl_rand(3), EVP_EncryptInit(3)

HISTORY



1.0.1i                            2014-04-08                 EVP_BytesToKey(3)