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BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3)            OpenSSL           BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3)



NAME
       BN_mod_mul_montgomery, BN_MONT_CTX_new, BN_MONT_CTX_init,
       BN_MONT_CTX_free, BN_MONT_CTX_set, BN_MONT_CTX_copy,
       BN_from_montgomery, BN_to_montgomery - Montgomery multiplication

LIBRARY
       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS
        #include <openssl/bn.h>

        BN_MONT_CTX *BN_MONT_CTX_new(void);
        void BN_MONT_CTX_init(BN_MONT_CTX *ctx);
        void BN_MONT_CTX_free(BN_MONT_CTX *mont);

        int BN_MONT_CTX_set(BN_MONT_CTX *mont, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
        BN_MONT_CTX *BN_MONT_CTX_copy(BN_MONT_CTX *to, BN_MONT_CTX *from);

        int BN_mod_mul_montgomery(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b,
                BN_MONT_CTX *mont, BN_CTX *ctx);

        int BN_from_montgomery(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BN_MONT_CTX *mont,
                BN_CTX *ctx);

        int BN_to_montgomery(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BN_MONT_CTX *mont,
                BN_CTX *ctx);

DESCRIPTION
       These functions implement Montgomery multiplication. They are used
       automatically when BN_mod_exp(3) is called with suitable input, but
       they may be useful when several operations are to be performed using
       the same modulus.

       BN_MONT_CTX_new() allocates and initializes a BN_MONT_CTX structure.
       BN_MONT_CTX_init() initializes an existing uninitialized BN_MONT_CTX.

       BN_MONT_CTX_set() sets up the mont structure from the modulus m by
       precomputing its inverse and a value R.

       BN_MONT_CTX_copy() copies the BN_MONT_CTX from to to.

       BN_MONT_CTX_free() frees the components of the BN_MONT_CTX, and, if it
       was created by BN_MONT_CTX_new(), also the structure itself.

       BN_mod_mul_montgomery() computes Mont(a,b):=a*b*R^-1 and places the
       result in r.

       BN_from_montgomery() performs the Montgomery reduction r = a*R^-1.

       BN_to_montgomery() computes Mont(a,R^2), i.e. a*R.  Note that a must be
       non-negative and smaller than the modulus.

       For all functions, ctx is a previously allocated BN_CTX used for
       temporary variables.

       The BN_MONT_CTX structure is defined as follows:

        typedef struct bn_mont_ctx_st
               {
               int ri;         /* number of bits in R */
               BIGNUM RR;      /* R^2 (used to convert to Montgomery form) */
               BIGNUM N;       /* The modulus */
               BIGNUM Ni;      /* R*(1/R mod N) - N*Ni = 1
                                * (Ni is only stored for bignum algorithm) */
               BN_ULONG n0;    /* least significant word of Ni */
               int flags;
               } BN_MONT_CTX;

       BN_to_montgomery() is a macro.

RETURN VALUES
       BN_MONT_CTX_new() returns the newly allocated BN_MONT_CTX, and NULL on
       error.

       BN_MONT_CTX_init() and BN_MONT_CTX_free() have no return values.

       For the other functions, 1 is returned for success, 0 on error.  The
       error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).

WARNING
       The inputs must be reduced modulo m, otherwise the result will be
       outside the expected range.

SEE ALSO
       openssl_bn(3), ERR_get_error(3), BN_add(3), BN_CTX_new(3)

HISTORY
       BN_MONT_CTX_new(), BN_MONT_CTX_free(), BN_MONT_CTX_set(),
       BN_mod_mul_montgomery(), BN_from_montgomery() and BN_to_montgomery()
       are available in all versions of SSLeay and OpenSSL.

       BN_MONT_CTX_init() and BN_MONT_CTX_copy() were added in SSLeay 0.9.1b.



1.0.1i                            2009-07-20          BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3)