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libapache2-mod-libapacUhsee2r-mCoodn-tpreirblu2t-e2d.0P.e4r:l:dDooccsu:m:eanptia:t:iAopnache2::ServerUtil(3pm)



NAME
       Apache2::ServerUtil - Perl API for Apache server record utils

Synopsis
         use Apache2::ServerUtil ();
         $s = Apache2::ServerUtil->server;

         # push config
         $s->add_config(['ServerTokens off']);

         # add components to the Server signature
         $s->add_version_component("MyModule/1.234");

         # access PerlSetVar/PerlAddVar values
         my $srv_cfg = $s->dir_config;

         # check command line defines
         print "this is mp2"
             if Apache2::ServerUtil::exists_config_define('MODPERL2');

         # get PerlChildExitHandler configured handlers
         @handlers = @{ $s->get_handlers('PerlChildExitHandler') || []};

         # server build and version info:
         $when_built = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_built();
         $description = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_description();
         $version = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_version();
         $banner = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_banner();

         # ServerRoot value
         $server_root = Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root();

         # get 'conf/' dir path (avoid using this function!)
         my $dir = Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($r->pool, 'conf');

         # set child_exit handlers
         $r->set_handlers(PerlChildExitHandler => \&handler);

         # server level PerlOptions flags lookup
         $s->push_handlers(ChildExit => \&child_exit)
             if $s->is_perl_option_enabled('ChildExit');

         # extend HTTP to support a new method
         $s->method_register('NEWGET');

         # register server shutdown callback
         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_shutdown_register_cleanup(sub { Apache2::Const::OK });

         # do something only when the server restarts
         my $cnt = Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count();
         do_something_once() if $cnt > 1;

         # get the resolved ids from Group and User entries
         my $user_id  = Apache2::ServerUtil->user_id;
         my $group_id = Apache2::ServerUtil->group_id;

Description
       "Apache2::ServerUtil" provides the Apache server object utilities API.

Methods API
       "Apache2::ServerUtil" provides the following functions and/or methods:

   "add_config"
       Dynamically add Apache configuration:

         $s->add_config($lines);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $lines ( ARRAY ref )
           An ARRAY reference containing configuration lines per element,
           without the new line terminators.

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       See also: "$r->add_config"

       For example:

       Add a configuration section at the server startup (e.g. from
       startup.pl):

         use Apache2::ServerUtil ();
         my $conf = <<'EOC';
         PerlModule Apache2::MyExample
         <Location /perl>
           SetHandler perl-script
           PerlResponseHandler Apache2::MyExample
         </Location>
         EOC
         Apache2::ServerUtil->server->add_config([split /\n/, $conf]);

   "add_version_component"
       Add a component to the version string

         $s->add_version_component($component);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $component ( string )
           The string component to add

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       This function is usually used by modules to advertise themselves to the
       world. It's picked up by such statistics collectors, like netcraft.com,
       which accomplish that by connecting to various servers and grabbing the
       server version response header ("Server"). Some servers choose to fully
       or partially conceal that header.

       This method should be invoked in the "PerlPostConfigHandler" phase,
       which will ensure that the Apache core version number will appear
       first.

       For example let's add a component "Hikers, Inc/0.99999" to the server
       string at the server startup:

         use Apache2::ServerUtil ();
         use Apache2::Const -compile => 'OK';

         Apache2::ServerUtil->server->push_handlers(
             PerlPostConfigHandler => \&add_my_version);

         sub add_my_version {
             my ($conf_pool, $log_pool, $temp_pool, $s) = @_;
             $s->add_version_component("Hikers, Inc/0.99999");
             return Apache2::Const::OK;
         }

       or of course you could register the "PerlPostConfigHandler" handler
       directly in httpd.conf

       Now when the server starts, you will something like:

         [Thu Jul 15 12:15:28 2004] [notice] Apache/2.0.51-dev (Unix)
         mod_perl/1.99_15-dev Perl/v5.8.5 Hikers, Inc/0.99999
         configured -- resuming normal operations

       Also remember that the "ServerTokens" directive value controls whether
       the component information is displayed or not.

   "dir_config"
       "$s->dir_config()" provides an interface for the per-server variables
       specified by the "PerlSetVar" and "PerlAddVar" directives, and also can
       be manipulated via the "APR::Table" methods.

         $table  = $s->dir_config();
         $value  = $s->dir_config($key);
         @values = $s->dir_config($key);
         $s->dir_config($key, $val);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       opt arg2: $key ( string )
           Key string

       opt arg3: $val ( string )
           Value string

       ret: ...
           Depends on the passed arguments, see further discussion

       since: 2.0.00

       The keys are case-insensitive.

         $t = $s->dir_config();

       dir_config() called in a scalar context without the $key argument
       returns a HASH reference blessed into the APR::Table class. This object
       can be manipulated via the APR::Table methods. For available methods
       see APR::Table.

         @values = $s->dir_config($key);

       If the $key argument is passed in the list context a list of all
       matching values will be returned. This method is ineffective for big
       tables, as it does a linear search of the table. Thefore avoid using
       this way of calling dir_config() unless you know that there could be
       more than one value for the wanted key and all the values are wanted.

         $value = $s->dir_config($key);

       If the $key argument is passed in the scalar context only a single
       value will be returned. Since the table preserves the insertion order,
       if there is more than one value for the same key, the oldest value
       assosiated with the desired key is returned. Calling in the scalar
       context is also much faster, as it'll stop searching the table as soon
       as the first match happens.

         $s->dir_config($key => $val);

       If the $key and the $val arguments are used, the set() operation will
       happen: all existing values associated with the key $key (and the key
       itself) will be deleted and $value will be placed instead.

         $s->dir_config($key => undef);

       If $val is undef the unset() operation will happen: all existing values
       associated with the key $key (and the key itself) will be deleted.

   "exists_config_define"
       Check for a definition from the server startup command line (e.g.
       "-DMODPERL2")

         $result = Apache2::ServerUtil::exists_config_define($name);

       arg1: $name ( string )
           The define string to check for

       ret: $result ( boolean )
           true if defined, false otherwise

       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         print "this is mp2"
             if Apache2::ServerUtil::exists_config_define('MODPERL2');

   "get_handlers"
       Returns a reference to a list of handlers enabled for a given phase.

         $handlers_list = $s->get_handlers($hook_name);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $hook_name ( string )
           a string representing the phase to handle.

       ret: $handlers_list (ref to an ARRAY of CODE refs)
           a list of references to the handler subroutines

       since: 2.0.00

       See also: "$r->add_config"

       For example:

       A list of handlers configured to run at the child_exit phase:

         @handlers = @{ $s->get_handlers('PerlChildExitHandler') || []};

   "get_server_built"
       Get the date and time that the server was built

         $when_built = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_built();

       ret: $when_built ( string )
           The server build time string

       since: 2.0.00

   "get_server_version"
       Get the server version string

         $version = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_version();

       ret: $version ( string )
           The server version string

       since: 2.0.00

   "get_server_banner"
       Get the server banner

        $banner = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_banner();

       ret: $banner ( string )
           The server banner

       since: 2.0.4

   "get_server_description"
       Get the server description

        $description = Apache2::ServerUtil::get_server_description();

       ret: $description ( string )
           The server description

       since: 2.0.4

   "group_id"
       Get the group id corresponding to the "Group" directive in httpd.conf:

         $gid = Apache2::ServerUtil->group_id;

       obj: "Apache2::ServerUtil" (class name)
       ret: $gid ( integer )
           On Unix platforms returns the gid corresponding to the value used
           in the "Group" directive in httpd.conf. On other platforms returns
           0.

       since: 2.0.03

   "is_perl_option_enabled"
       check whether a server level "PerlOptions" flag is enabled or not.

         $result = $s->is_perl_option_enabled($flag);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $flag ( string )
       ret: $result ( boolean )
       since: 2.0.00

       For example to check whether the "ChildExit" hook is enabled (which can
       be disabled with "PerlOptions -ChildExit") and configure some handlers
       to run if enabled:

         $s->push_handlers(ChildExit => \&child_exit)
             if $s->is_perl_option_enabled('ChildExit');

       See also: PerlOptions and the equivalent function for directory level
       PerlOptions flags.

   "method_register"
       Register a new request method, and return the offset that will be
       associated with that method.

         $offset = $s->method_register($methname);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $methname ( string )
           The name of the new method to register (in addition to the already
           supported "GET", "HEAD", etc.)

       ret: $offset ( integer )
           An int value representing an offset into a bitmask. You can
           probably ignore it.

       since: 2.0.00

       This method allows you to extend the HTTP protocol to support new
       methods, which fit the HTTP paradigm.  Of course you will need to write
       a client that understands that protocol extension.  For a good example,
       refer to the "MyApache2::SendEmail" example presented in "the
       PerlHeaderParserHandler section", which demonstrates how a new method
       "EMAIL" is registered and used.

   "push_handlers"
       Add one or more handlers to a list of handlers to be called for a given
       phase.

         $ok = $s->push_handlers($hook_name => \&handler);
         $ok = $s->push_handlers($hook_name => [\&handler, \&handler2]);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $hook_name ( string )
           the phase to add the handlers to

       arg2: $handlers ( CODE ref or SUB name or an ARRAY ref )
           a single handler CODE reference or just a name of the subroutine
           (fully qualified unless defined in the current package).

           if more than one passed, use a reference to an array of CODE refs
           and/or subroutine names.

       ret: $ok ( boolean )
           returns a true value on success, otherwise a false value

       since: 2.0.00

       See also: "$r->add_config"

       Examples:

       A single handler:

         $s->push_handlers(PerlChildExitHandler => \&handler);

       Multiple handlers:

         $s->push_handlers(PerlChildExitHandler => ['Foo::Bar::handler', \&handler2]);

       Anonymous functions:

         $s->push_handlers(PerlLogHandler => sub { return Apache2::Const::OK });

   "restart_count"
       How many times the server was restarted.

         $restart_count = Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count();

       ret: "restart_count" ( number )
       since: 2.0.00

       The following demonstration should make it clear what values to expect
       from this function. Let's add the following code to startup.pl, so it's
       run every time httpd.conf is parsed:

         use Apache2::ServerUtil ();
         my $cnt = Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count();
         open my $fh, ">>/tmp/out" or die "$!";
         print $fh "cnt: $cnt\n";
         close $fh;

       Now let's run a series of server starts and restarts and look at what
       is logged into /tmp/out:

         % httpd -k start
         cnt: 1
         cnt: 2

         % httpd -k graceful
         cnt: 1
         cnt: 3

         % httpd -k graceful
         cnt: 1
         cnt: 4

         % httpd -k stop
         cnt: 1

       Remembering that Apache restarts itself immediately after starting, we
       can see that the "restart_count" goes from 1 to 2 during the server
       start. Moreover we can see that every operation forces the parsing of
       httpd.conf and therefore reinitialization of mod_perl (and running all
       the code found in httpd.conf). This happens even when the server is
       shutdown via "httpd -k stop".

       What conclusions can be drawn from this demonstration:

       o   "Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count()" returns 1 every time some
           "-k" command is passed to Apache (or "kill -USR1" or some
           alternative signal is received).

       o   At all other times the count will be 2 or higher. So for example on
           graceful restart the count will be 3 or higher.

       For example if you want to run something every time "httpd -k" is run
       you just need to check whether "restart_count()" returns 1:

         my $cnt = Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count();
         do_something() if $cnt == 1;

       To do something only when server restarts ("httpd -k start" or "httpd
       -k graceful)", check whether "restart_count()" is bigger than 1:

         my $cnt = Apache2::ServerUtil::restart_count();
         do_something() if $cnt > 1;

   "server"
       Get the main server's object

         $main_s = Apache2::ServerUtil->server();

       obj: "Apache2::ServerUtil" (class name)
       ret: $main_s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       since: 2.0.00

   "server_root"
       returns the value set by the top-level "ServerRoot" directive.

         $server_root = Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root();

       ret: $server_root ( string )
       since: 2.0.00

   "server_root_relative"
       Returns the canonical form of the filename made absolute to
       "ServerRoot":

         $path = Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($pool, $fname);

       arg1: $pool ( "APR::Pool object" )
           Make sure that you read the following explanation and understand
           well which pool object you need to pass before using this function.

       opt arg2: $fname ( string )
       ret: $path ( string )
           The concatenation of "ServerRoot" and the $fname.

           If $fname is not specified, the value of "ServerRoot" is returned
           with a trailing "/". (it's the same as using '' as $fname's value).

       since: 2.0.00

       $fname is appended to the value of "ServerRoot" and returned. For
       example:

         my $dir = Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($r->pool, 'logs');

       You must be extra-careful when using this function. If you aren't sure
       what you are doing don't use it.

       It's much safer to build the path by yourself using use
       "Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root()", For example:

         use File::Spec::Functions qw(catfile);
         my $path = catfile Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root, qw(t logs);

       In this example, no memory allocation happens on the Apache-side and
       you aren't risking to get a memory leak.

       The problem with "server_root_relative" is that Apache allocates memory
       to concatenate the path string. The memory is allocated from the pool
       object. If you call this method on the server pool object it'll
       allocate the memory from it.  If you do that at the server startup,
       it's perfectly right, since you will do that only once. However if you
       do that from within a request or a connection handler, you create a
       memory leak every time it is called -- as the memory gets allocated
       from the server pool, it will be freed only when the server is
       shutdown. Therefore if you need to build a relative to the root server
       path for the duration of the request, use the request pool:

         use Apache2::RequestRec ();
         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($r->pool, $fname);

       If you need to have the path for the duration of a connection (e.g.
       inside a protocol handler), you should use:

         use Apache2::Connection ();
         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($c->pool, $fname);

       And if you want it for the scope of the server file:

         use Apache2::Process ();
         use Apache2::ServerUtil ();
         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_root_relative($s->process->pool, $fname);

       Moreover, you could have encountered the opposite problem, where you
       have used a short-lived pool object to construct the path, but tried to
       use the resulting path variable, when that pool has been destructed
       already. In order to avoid mysterious segmentation faults, mod_perl
       does a wasteful copy of the path string when returning it to you --
       another reason to avoid using this function.

   "server_shutdown_cleanup_register"
       Register server shutdown cleanup callback:

         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_shutdown_cleanup_register($sub);

       arg1: $sub ( CODE ref or SUB name )
       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       This function can be used to register a callback to be run once at the
       server shutdown (compared to "PerlChildExitHandler" which will execute
       the callback for each exiting child process).

       For example in order to arrange the function "do_my_cleanups()" to be
       run every time the server shuts down (or restarts), run the following
       code at the server startup:

         Apache2::ServerUtil::server_shutdown_cleanup_register(\&do_my_cleanups);

       It's necessary to run this code at the server startup (normally
       startup.pl. The function will croak if run after the
       "PerlPostConfigHandler" phase.

   "set_handlers"
       Set a list of handlers to be called for a given phase. Any previously
       set handlers are forgotten.

         $ok = $s->set_handlers($hook_name => \&handler);
         $ok = $s->set_handlers($hook_name => [\&handler, \&handler2]);
         $ok = $s->set_handlers($hook_name => []);
         $ok = $s->set_handlers($hook_name => undef);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $hook_name ( string )
           the phase to set the handlers in

       arg2: $handlers ( CODE ref or SUB name or an ARRAY ref )
           a reference to a single handler CODE reference or just a name of
           the subroutine (fully qualified unless defined in the current
           package).

           if more than one passed, use a reference to an array of CODE refs
           and/or subroutine names.

           if the argument is "undef" or "[]" the list of handlers is reset to
           zero.

       ret: $ok ( boolean )
           returns a true value on success, otherwise a false value

       since: 2.0.00

       See also: "$r->add_config"

       Examples:

       A single handler:

         $r->set_handlers(PerlChildExitHandler => \&handler);

       Multiple handlers:

         $r->set_handlers(PerlFixupHandler => ['Foo::Bar::handler', \&handler2]);

       Anonymous functions:

         $r->set_handlers(PerlLogHandler => sub { return Apache2::Const::OK });

       Reset any previously set handlers:

         $r->set_handlers(PerlCleanupHandler => []);

       or

         $r->set_handlers(PerlCleanupHandler => undef);

   "user_id"
       Get the user id corresponding to the "User" directive in httpd.conf:

         $uid = Apache2::ServerUtil->user_id;

       obj: "Apache2::ServerUtil" (class name)
       ret: $uid ( integer )
           On Unix platforms returns the uid corresponding to the value used
           in the "User" directive in httpd.conf. On other platforms returns
           0.

       since: 2.0.03

Unsupported API
       "Apache2::ServerUtil" also provides auto-generated Perl interface for a
       few other methods which aren't tested at the moment and therefore their
       API is a subject to change. These methods will be finalized later as a
       need arises. If you want to rely on any of the following methods please
       contact the the mod_perl development mailing list so we can help each
       other take the steps necessary to shift the method to an officially
       supported API.

   "error_log2stderr"
       Start sending STDERR to the error_log file

         $s->error_log2stderr();

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
           The current server

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       This method may prove useful if you want to start redirecting STDERR to
       the error_log file before Apache does that on the startup.

See Also
       mod_perl 2.0 documentation.

Copyright
       mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache
       Software License, Version 2.0.

Authors
       The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.



perl v5.10.0   libapache2-mod-perl2-2.0.4::docs::api::Apache2::ServerUtil(3pm)