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libapache2-mod-perl2-2UlsiebrapCaocnhter2i-bmuotde-dpePrelr2l-2D.o0c.u4m:e:ndtoactsi:o:api::Apache2::Log(3pm)



NAME
       Apache2::Log - Perl API for Apache Logging Methods

Synopsis
         # in startup.pl
         #--------------
         use Apache2::Log;

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(OK :log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(:error SUCCESS);

         my $s = Apache2::ServerUtil->server;

         $s->log_error("server: log_error");
         $s->log_serror(__FILE__, __LINE__, Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS, "log_serror logging at err level");
         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME, "debug print");
         Apache2::ServerRec->log_error("routine warning");

         Apache2::ServerRec::warn("routine warning");

         # in a handler
         #-------------
         package Foo;

         use strict;
         use warnings FATAL => 'all';

         use Apache2::Log;

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(OK :log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(:error SUCCESS);

         sub handler {
             my $r = shift;
             $r->log_error("request: log_error");

             my $rlog = $r->log;
             for my $level qw(emerg alert crit error warn notice info debug) {
                 no strict 'refs';
                 $rlog->$level($package, "request: $level log level");
             }

             # can use server methods as well
             my $s = $r->server;
             $s->log_error("server: log_error");

             $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG,
                            APR::Const::ENOTIME, "in debug");

             $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_INFO,
                            APR::Const::SUCCESS, "server info");

             $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR,
                            APR::Const::ENOTIME, "fatal error");

             $r->log_reason("fatal error");
             $r->warn('routine request warning');
             $s->warn('routine server warning');

             return Apache2::Const::OK;
         }
         1;

         # in a registry script
         # httpd.conf: PerlOptions +GlobalRequest
         use Apache2::ServerRec qw(warn); # override warn locally
         print "Content-type: text/plain\n\n";
         warn "my warning";

Description
       "Apache2::Log" provides the Perl API for Apache logging methods.

       Depending on the the current "LogLevel" setting, only logging with the
       same log level or higher will be loaded. For example if the current
       "LogLevel" is set to warning, only messages with log level of the level
       warning or higher (err, crit, elert and emerg) will be logged.
       Therefore this:

         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_WARNING,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME, "warning!");

       will log the message, but this one won't:

         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_INFO,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME, "just an info");

       It will be logged only if the server log level is set to info or debug.
       "LogLevel" is set in the configuration file, but can be changed using
       the "$s->loglevel()" method.

       The filename and the line number of the caller are logged only if
       "Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG" is used (because that's how Apache 2.0
       logging mechanism works).

       Note: On Win32 Apache attempts to lock all writes to a file whenever
       it's opened for append (which is the case with logging functions), as
       Unix has this behavior built-in, while Win32 does not. Therefore
       "Apache2::Log" functions could be slower than Perl's print()/warn().

Constants
       Log level constants can be compiled all at once:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);

       or individually:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(LOG_DEBUG LOG_INFO);

   LogLevel Constants
       The following constants (sorted from the most severe level to the least
       severe) are used in logging methods to specify the log level at which
       the message should be logged:

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_EMERG"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_ALERT"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_CRIT"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_WARNING"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_NOTICE"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_INFO"

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG"

   Other Constants
       Make sure to compile the APR status constants before using them. For
       example to compile "APR::Const::SUCCESS" and all the APR error status
       constants do:

         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(:error SUCCESS);

       Here is the rest of the logging related constants:

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_LEVELMASK"

       used to mask off the level value, to make sure that the log level's
       value is within the proper bits range. e.g.:

         $loglevel &= LOG_LEVELMASK;

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_TOCLIENT"

       used to give content handlers the option of including the error text in
       the "ErrorDocument" sent back to the client. When
       "Apache2::Const::LOG_TOCLIENT" is passed to "log_rerror()" the error
       message will be saved in the $r's notes table, keyed to the string
       "error-notes", if and only if the severity level of the message is
       "Apache2::Const::LOG_WARNING" or greater and there are no other "error-
       notes" entry already set in the request record's notes table. Once the
       "error-notes" entry is set, it is up to the error handler to determine
       whether this text should be sent back to the client.  For example:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(ENOTIME);
         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK,
                        Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR|Apache2::Const::LOG_TOCLIENT,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME,
                        "request log_rerror");

       now the log message can be retrieved via:

         $r->notes->get("error-notes");

       Remember that client-generated text streams sent back to the client
       MUST be escaped to prevent CSS attacks.

       "Apache2::Const::LOG_STARTUP"

       is useful for startup message where no timestamps, logging level is
       wanted. For example:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(SUCCESS);
         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK,
                        Apache2::Const::LOG_INFO,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS,
                        "This log message comes with a header");

       will print:

         [Wed May 14 16:47:09 2003] [info] This log message comes with a header

       whereas, when "Apache2::Const::LOG_STARTUP" is binary ORed as in:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(SUCCESS);
         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK,
                        Apache2::Const::LOG_INFO|Apache2::Const::LOG_STARTUP,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS,
                        "This log message comes with no header");

       then the logging will be:

         This log message comes with no header

Server Logging Methods
   "$s->>log"
       get a log handle which can be used to log messages of different levels.

         my $slog = $s->log;

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       ret: $slog ( "Apache2::Log::Server" object )
           "Apache2::Log::Server" object to be used with LogLevel methods.

       since: 2.0.00

   "$s->>log_error"
       just logs the supplied message to error_log

         $s->log_error(@message);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: @message ( strings ARRAY )
           what to log

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         $s->log_error("running low on memory");

   "$s->>log_serror"
       This function provides a fine control of when the message is logged,
       gives an access to built-in status codes.

         $s->log_serror($file, $line, $level, $status, @message);

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: $file ( string )
           The file in which this function is called

       arg2: $line ( number )
           The line number on which this function is called

       arg3: $level ( "Apache2::LOG_* constant" )
           The level of this error message

       arg4: $status ( "APR::Const status constant" )
           The status code from the last command (similar to $! in perl),
           usually "APR::Const constant" or coming from an exception object.

       arg5: @message ( strings ARRAY )
           The log message(s)

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(ENOTIME SUCCESS);
         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS, "log_serror logging at err level");

         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME, "debug print");

   "$s->>warn"
         $s->warn(@warnings);

       is the same as:

         $s->log_serror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_WARNING,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS, @warnings)

       obj: $s ( "Apache2::ServerRec object" )
       arg1: @warnings ( strings ARRAY )
           array of warning strings

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         $s->warn('routine server warning');

Request Logging Methods
   "$r->>log"
       get a log handle which can be used to log messages of different levels.

         $rlog = $r->log;

       obj: $r ( "Apache2::RequestRec object" )
       ret: $rlog ( "Apache2::Log::Request" object )
           "Apache2::Log::Request" object to be used with LogLevel methods.

       since: 2.0.00

   "$r->>log_error"
       just logs the supplied message (similar to "$s->log_error" ).

         $r->log_error(@message);

       obj: $r ( "Apache2::RequestRec object" )
       arg1: @message ( strings ARRAY )
           what to log

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         $r->log_error("the request is about to end");

   "$r->>log_reason"
       This function provides a convenient way to log errors in a preformatted
       way:

         $r->log_reason($message);
         $r->log_reason($message, $filename);

       obj: $r ( "Apache2::RequestRec object" )
       arg1: $message ( string )
           the message to log

       opt arg2: $filename ( string )
           where to report the error as coming from (e.g. "__FILE__")

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         $r->log_reason("There is no enough data");

       will generate a log entry similar to the following:

         [Fri Sep 24 11:58:36 2004] [error] access to /someuri
         failed for 127.0.0.1, reason: There is no enough data.

   "$r->>log_rerror"
       This function provides a fine control of when the message is logged,
       gives an access to built-in status codes.

         $r->log_rerror($file, $line, $level, $status, @message);

       arguments are identical to "$s->log_serror".

       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(:log);
         use APR::Const    -compile => qw(ENOTIME SUCCESS);
         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_ERR,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS, "log_rerror logging at err level");

         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_DEBUG,
                        APR::Const::ENOTIME, "debug print");

   "$r->>warn"
         $r->warn(@warnings);

       is the same as:

         $r->log_rerror(Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK, Apache2::Const::LOG_WARNING,
                        APR::Const::SUCCESS, @warnings)

       obj: $r ( "Apache2::RequestRec object" )
       arg1: @warnings ( strings ARRAY )
           array of warning strings

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example:

         $r->warn('routine server warning');

Other Logging Methods
   LogLevel Methods
       after getting the log handle with "$s->log" or "$r->log", use one of
       the following methods (corresponding to the "LogLevel" levels):

         emerg(), alert(), crit(), error(), warn(), notice(), info(), debug()

       to control when messages should be logged:

         $s->log->emerg(@message);
         $r->log->emerg(@message);

       obj: $slog ( server or request log handle )
       arg1: @message ( strings ARRAY )
       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       For example if the "LogLevel" is "error" and the following code is
       executed:

         my $slog = $s->log;
         $slog->debug("just ", "some debug info");
         $slog->warn(@warnings);
         $slog->crit("dying");

       only the last command's logging will be performed. This is because
       warn, debug and other logging command which are listed right to error
       will be disabled.

   "alert"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "crit"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "debug"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "emerg"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "error"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "info"
       See LogLevel Methods.

   "notice"
       See LogLevel Methods.

       Though Apache treats "notice()" calls as special. The message is always
       logged regardless the value of "ErrorLog", unless the error log is set
       to use syslog. (For details see httpd-2.0/server/log.c.)

   "warn"
       See LogLevel Methods.

General Functions
   "LOG_MARK"
       Though looking like a constant, this is a function, which returns a
       list of two items: "(__FILE__, __LINE__)", i.e. the file and the line
       where the function was called from.

         my ($file, $line) = Apache2::Log::LOG_MARK();

       ret1: $file ( string )
       ret2: $line ( number )
       since: 2.0.00

       It's mostly useful to be passed as the first argument to those logging
       methods, expecting the filename and the line number as the first
       arguments (e.g., "$s->log_serror" and "$r->log_rerror" ).

Virtual Hosts
       Code running from within a virtual host needs to be able to log into
       its "ErrorLog" file, if different from the main log. Calling any of the
       logging methods on the $r and $s objects will do the logging correctly.

       If the core "warn()" is called, it'll be always logged to the main log
       file. Here is how to make it log into the vhost error_log file.  Let's
       say that we start with the following code:

         warn "the code is smoking";

       1.  First, we need to use mod_perl's logging function, instead of
           "CORE::warn"

           Either replace "warn" with "Apache2::ServerRec::warn":

             use Apache2::Log ();
             Apache2::ServerRec::warn("the code is smoking");

           or import it into your code:

             use Apache2::ServerRec qw(warn); # override warn locally
             warn "the code is smoking";

           or override "CORE::warn":

             use Apache2::Log ();
             *CORE::GLOBAL::warn = \&Apache2::ServerRec::warn;
             warn "the code is smoking";

           Avoid using the latter suggestion, since it'll affect all the code
           running on the server, which may break things. Of course you can
           localize that as well:

             use Apache2::Log ();
             local *CORE::GLOBAL::warn = \&Apache2::ServerRec::warn;
             warn "the code is smoking";

           Chances are that you need to make the internal Perl warnings go
           into the vhost's error_log file as well. Here is how to do that:

             use Apache2::Log ();
             local $SIG{__WARN__} = \&Apache2::ServerRec::warn;
             eval q[my $x = "aaa" + 1;]; # this issues a warning

           Notice that it'll override any previous setting you may have had,
           disabling modules like "CGI::Carp" which also use $SIG{__WARN__}

       2.  Next we need to figure out how to get hold of the vhost's server
           object.

           Inside HTTP request handlers this is possible via
           "Apache2->request".  Which requires either "PerlOptions
           +GlobalRequest" setting or can be also done at runtime if $r is
           available:

             use Apache2::RequestUtil ();
             sub handler {
                 my $r = shift;
                 Apache2::RequestUtil->request($r);
                 ...

           Outside HTTP handlers at the moment it is not possible, to get hold
           of the vhost's error_log file. This shouldn't be a problem for the
           code that runs only under mod_perl, since the always available $s
           object can invoke a plethora of methods supplied by "Apache2::Log".
           This is only a problem for modules, which are supposed to run
           outside mod_perl as well.

           META: To solve this we think to introduce 'PerlOptions
           +GlobalServer', a big brother for 'PerlOptions +GlobalRequest',
           which will be set in modperl_hook_pre_connection.

Unsupported API
       "Apache2::Log" also provides auto-generated Perl interface for a few
       other methods which aren't tested at the moment and therefore their API
       is a subject to change. These methods will be finalized later as a need
       arises. If you want to rely on any of the following methods please
       contact the the mod_perl development mailing list so we can help each
       other take the steps necessary to shift the method to an officially
       supported API.

   "log_pid"
       META: what is this method good for? it just calls getpid and logs it.
       In any case it has nothing to do with the logging API. And it uses
       static variables, it probably shouldn't be in the Apache public API.

       Log the current pid

         Apache2::Log::log_pid($pool, $fname);

       obj: $p ( "APR::Pool object" )
           The pool to use for logging

       arg1: $fname ( file path )
           The name of the file to log to

       ret: no return value
       since: subject to change

See Also
       mod_perl 2.0 documentation.

Copyright
       mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache
       Software License, Version 2.0.

Authors
       The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.



perl v5.10.0          libapache2-mod-perl2-2.0.4::docs::api::Apache2::Log(3pm)