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 waitid(2)							   waitid(2)

      waitid - wait for child process to change state

      #include <&lt&lt&lt;sys/wait.h>&gt&gt&gt;

      int waitid(idtype_t idtype, id_t id, siginfo_t *infop, int options);

      The waitid() function suspends the calling process until one of its
      children changes state. It records the current state of a child in the
      structure pointed to by infop.  If a child process changed state prior
      to the call to waitid(), waitid() returns immediately.

      The idtype and id arguments are used to specify which children
      waitid() will wait for.

      If idtype is P_PID, waitid() will wait for the child with a process ID
      equal to (pid_t)pid.

      If idtypeis P_PGID, waitid() will wait for any child with a process
      group ID equal to (pid_t)pid.

      If idtypeis P_ALL, waitid() will wait for any children and id is

      The options argument is used to specify which state changes waitid()
      will wait for. It is formed by OR-ing together one or more of the
      following flags:

	   WEXITED		    Wait for processes that have exited.

	   WSTOPPED		    Status will be returned for any child
				    that has stopped upon receipt of a

	   WCONTINUED		    Status will be returned for any child
				    that was stopped and has been continued.

	   WNOHANG		    Return immediately if there	 are  no
				    children to wait for.

	   WNOWAIT		    Keep the process whose status is
				    returned in infop in a waitable state.
				    This will not affect the state of the
				    process; the process may be waited for
				    again after this call completes.

      The infop argument must point to a siginfo_t structure. If waitid()
      returns because a child process was found that satisfied the
      conditions indicated by the arguments idtype and options, then the

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 waitid(2)							   waitid(2)

      structure pointed to by infop will be filled in by the system with the
      status of the process. The si_signo member will always be equal to

      If waitid() returns due to the change of state of one of its children,
      0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate
      the error.

      The waitid() function will fail if:

	   [ECHILD]	  The calling process has no existing unwaited-for
			  child processes.

	   [EINTR]	  The waitid() function was interrupted due to the
			  receipt of a signal by the calling process.

	   [EINVAL]	  An invalid value was specified for options, or
			  idtype and id specify an invalid set of processes.

    Threads Considerations
      In a multi-threaded application, only the calling thread is suspended
      by waitid().

      waitid() will not return until all threads in the process have reached
      the desired state.  For example, if the WEXITED, WSTOPPED or
      WCONTINUED options are specified, waitid() will not return until all
      threads in the process have terminated, stopped or continued

      exec(2), exit(2), wait(2), <sys/wait.h>.

      First released in Issue 4, Version 2.

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000