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System Calls                                            semctl(2)



NAME
     semctl - semaphore control operations

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ipc.h>
     #include <sys/sem.h>

     int semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, ...);

DESCRIPTION
     The semctl() function provides a variety of  semaphore  con-
     trol  operations as specified by cmd. The fourth argument is
     optional,  depending  upon  the  operation   requested.   If
     required,  it  is of type  union semun, which must be expli-
     citly declared by the application program.

     union semun {
             int             val;
             struct semid_ds *buf;
             ushort_t        *array;
     } arg ;

     The permission required for a semaphore operation  is  given
     as  {token},  where  token is the type of permission needed.
     The types of permission are interpreted as follows:

     00400    READ by user
     00200    ALTER by user
     00040    READ by group
     00020    ALTER by group
     00004    READ by others
     00002    ALTER by others

     See the Semaphore Operation Permissions  subsection  of  the
     DEFINITIONS  section  of  intro(2) for more information. The
     following semaphore operations as specified by cmd are  exe-
     cuted  with  respect to the semaphore specified by semid and
     semnum.

     GETVAL
           Return the value of  semval (see intro(2)). {READ}

     SETVAL
           Set the value of  semval to arg.val. {ALTER} When this
           command  is  successfully  executed,  the semadj value
           corresponding  to  the  specified  semaphore  in   all
           processes is cleared.

     GETPID
           Return the value of (int) sempid. {READ}




SunOS 5.9            Last change: 7 Jan 2001                    1






System Calls                                            semctl(2)



     GETNCNT
           Return the value of semncnt. {READ}

     GETZCNT
           Return the value of semzcnt. {READ}

     The following operations return and set, respectively, every
     semval in the set of semaphores.

     GETALL
           Place semvals into  array  pointed  to  by  arg.array.
           {READ}

     SETALL
           Set semvals according  to  the  array  pointed  to  by
           arg.array. {ALTER}. When this cmd is successfully exe-
           cuted, the semadj values corresponding to each  speci-
           fied semaphore in all processes are cleared.

     The following operations are also available.

     IPC_STAT
           Place the current value of each  member  of  the  data
           structure  associated  with  semid  into the structure
           pointed to by arg.buf. The contents of this  structure
           are defined in intro(2). {READ}

     IPC_SET
           Set the value of the following  members  of  the  data
           structure  associated  with semid to the corresponding
           value found in the structure pointed to by arg.buf:

           sem_perm.uid
           sem_perm.gid
           sem_perm.mode  /* access permission bits only */


           This command can be executed only by  a  process  that
           has  an  effective  user  ID  equal  to either that of
           super-user,  or  to  the  value  of  sem_perm.cuid  or
           sem_perm.uid  in  the  data  structure associated with
           semid.

     IPC_RMID
           Remove the semaphore  identifier  specified  by  semid
           from  the system and destroy the set of semaphores and
           data structure associated with it.  This  command  can
           only  be  executed  by a process that has an effective
           user ID equal to either that of super-user, or to  the
           value  of  sem_perm.cuid  or  sem_perm.uid in the data
           structure associated with semid.




SunOS 5.9            Last change: 7 Jan 2001                    2






System Calls                                            semctl(2)



RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, the value  returned  depends  on
     cmd as follows:

     GETVAL
           the value of semval

     GETPID
           the value of (int) sempid

     GETNCNT
           the value of semncnt

     GETZCNT
           the value of semzcnt

     All other successful completions return  0; otherwise, -1 is
     returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The semctl() function will fail if:

     EACCES
           Operation permission is denied to the calling  process
           (see intro(2)).

     EFAULT
           The source or target is not a  valid  address  in  the
           user process.

     EINVAL
           The semid argument is not a valid  semaphore  identif-
           ier;  the  semnum  argument  is less than 0 or greater
           than sem_nsems -1; or the cmd argument is not a  valid
           command or is IPC_SET and sem_perm.uid or sem_perm.gid
           is not valid.

     EPERM The cmd argument is equal to IPC_RMID or  IPC_SET  and
           the  effective  user  of  the  calling  process is not
           super-user,  or   cmd  is  equal  to  the   value   of
           sem_perm.cuid  or  sem_perm.uid  in the data structure
           associated with semid.

     EOVERFLOW
           The cmd argument is IPC_STAT and uid  or  gid  is  too
           large  to  be  stored  in  the structure pointed to by
           arg.buf.

     ERANGE
           The cmd argument is SETVAL or SETALL and the value  to
           which  semval  is to be set is greater than the system
           imposed maximum.



SunOS 5.9            Last change: 7 Jan 2001                    3






System Calls                                            semctl(2)



SEE ALSO
     ipcs(1), intro(2), semget(2), semop(2)





















































SunOS 5.9            Last change: 7 Jan 2001                    4