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NFSSVC(2)                   BSD Programmer's Manual                  NFSSVC(2)

NAME
     nfssvc - NFS services

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;unistd.h>&gt;
     #include <&lt;nfs/nfs.h>&gt;

     int
     nfssvc(int flags, void *argstructp);

DESCRIPTION
     The nfssvc() function is used by the NFS daemons to pass information into
     and out of the kernel and also to enter the kernel as a server daemon.
     The flags argument consists of several bits that show what action is to
     be taken once in the kernel and the argstructp points to one of three
     structures depending on which bits are set in flags.

     On the client side, nfsiod(8) calls nfssvc() with the flags argument set
     to NFSSVC_BIOD and argstructp set to NULL to enter the kernel as a block
     I/O server daemon.  For NQNFS, mount_nfs(8) calls nfssvc() with the
     NFSSVC_MNTD flag, optionally or'd with the flags NFSSVC_GOTAUTH and
     NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL along with a pointer to a

     struct nfsd_cargs {
             char            *ncd_dirp;      /* Mount dir path */
             uid_t           ncd_authuid;    /* Effective uid */
             int             ncd_authtype;   /* Type of authenticator */
             int             ncd_authlen;    /* Length of authenticator string */
             char            *ncd_authstr;   /* Authenticator string */
     };

     structure.  The initial call has only the NFSSVC_MNTD flag set to specify
     service for the mount point.  If the mount point is using Kerberos, then
     the mount_nfs(8) daemon will return from nfssvc() with errno == ENEEDAUTH
     whenever the client side requires an ``rcmd'' authentication ticket for
     the user.  Mount_nfs(8) will attempt to get the Kerberos ticket, and if
     successful will call nfssvc() with the flags NFSSVC_MNTD and
     NFSSVC_GOTAUTH after filling the ticket into the ncd_authstr field and
     setting the ncd_authlen and ncd_authtype fields of the nfsd_cargs struc-
     ture.  If mount_nfs(8) failed to get the ticket, nfssvc() will be called
     with the flags NFSSVC_MNTD, NFSSVC_GOTAUTH and NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL to de-
     note a failed authentication attempt.

     On the server side, nfssvc() is called with the flag NFSSVC_NFSD and a
     pointer to a

     struct nfsd_srvargs {
             struct nfsd     *nsd_nfsd;      /* Pointer to in kernel nfsd struct */
             uid_t           nsd_uid;        /* Effective uid mapped to cred */
             u_long          nsd_haddr;      /* Ip address of client */
             struct ucred    nsd_cr;         /* Cred. uid maps to */
             int             nsd_authlen;    /* Length of auth string (ret) */
             char            *nsd_authstr;   /* Auth string (ret) */
     };

     to enter the kernel as an nfsd(8) daemon.  Whenever an nfsd(8) daemon re-
     ceives a Kerberos authentication ticket, it will return from nfssvc()
     with errno == ENEEDAUTH.  The nfsd(8) will attempt to authenticate the
     ticket and generate a set of credentials on the server for the ``user
     id'' specified in the field nsd_uid.  This is done by first authenticat-
     ing the Kerberos ticket and then mapping the Kerberos principal to a lo-
     cal name and getting a set of credentials for that user via.  getpwnam(3)
     and getgrouplist(3).  If successful, the nfsd(8) will call nfssvc() with
     the NFSSVC_NFSD and NFSSVC_AUTHIN flags set to pass the credential map-
     ping in nsd_cr into the kernel to be cached on the server socket for that
     client.  If the authentication failed, nfsd(8) calls nfssvc() with the
     flags NFSSVC_NFSD and NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL to denote an authentication fail-
     ure.

     The master nfsd(8) server daemon calls nfssvc() with the flag
     NFSSVC_ADDSOCK and a pointer to a

     struct nfsd_args {
             int     sock;           /* Socket to serve */
             caddr_t name;           /* Client address for connection based sockets */
             int     namelen;        /* Length of name */
     };

     to pass a server side NFS socket into the kernel for servicing by the
     nfsd(8) daemons.

RETURN VALUES
     Normally nfssvc does not return unless the server is terminated by a sig-
     nal when a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, -1 is returned and the
     global variable errno is set to specify the error.

ERRORS
     [ENEEDAUTH]  This special error value is really used for authentication
                  support, particularly Kerberos, as explained above.

     [EPERM]      The caller is not the super-user.

SEE ALSO
     nfsd(8),  mount_nfs(8),  nfsiod(8)

HISTORY
     The nfssvc function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BUGS
     The nfssvc system call is designed specifically for the NFS support dae-
     mons and as such is specific to their requirements.  It should really re-
     turn values to indicate the need for authentication support, since
     ENEEDAUTH is not really an error.  Several fields of the argument struc-
     tures are assumed to be valid and sometimes to be unchanged from a previ-
     ous call, such that nfssvc must be used with extreme care.

4.4BSD                           June 9, 1993                                2