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MSGRCV(2)                   BSD System Calls Manual                  MSGRCV(2)

     msgrcv -- receive a message from a message queue

     #include <&lt;sys/msg.h>&gt;

     msgrcv(int msqid, void *msgp, size_t msgsz, long msgtyp, int msgflg);

     The msgrcv() function receives a message from the message queue specified
     in msqid, and places it into the structure pointed to by msgp.  This
     structure should consist of the following members:

         long mtype;    /* message type */
         char mtext[1]; /* body of message */

     mtype is an integer greater than 0 that can be used for selecting mes-
     sages, mtext is an array of bytes, with a size up to that of the system
     limit (MSGMAX).

     The value of msgtyp has one of the following meanings:

     o   msgtyp is greater than 0.  The first message of type msgtyp will be

     o   msgtyp is equal to 0.  The first message on the queue will be

     o   msgtyp is less than 0.  The first message of the lowest message type
         that is less than or equal to the absolute value of msgtyp will be

     msgsz specifies the maximum length of the requested message.  If the
     received message has a length greater than msgsz it will be silently
     truncated if the MSG_NOERROR flag is set in msgflg, otherwise an error
     will be returned.

     If no matching message is present on the message queue specified by
     msqid, the behavior of msgrcv() depends on whether the IPC_NOWAIT flag is
     set in msgflg or not.  If IPC_NOWAIT is set, msgrcv() will immediately
     return a value of -1, and set errno to EAGAIN.  If IPC_NOWAIT is not set,
     the calling process will be blocked until:

     o   A message of the requested type becomes available on the message

     o   The message queue is removed, in which case -1 will be returned, and
         errno set to EINVAL.

     o   A signal is received and caught.  -1 is returned, and errno set to

     If a message is successfully received, the data structure associated with
     msqid is updated as follows:

     o   msg_cbytes is decremented by the size of the message.

     o   msg_lrpid is set to the pid of the caller.

     o   msg_lrtime is set to the current time.

     o   msg_qnum is decremented by 1.

     Upon successful completion, msgrcv() returns the number of bytes received
     into the mtext field of the structure pointed to by msgp.  Otherwise, -1
     is returned, and errno set to indicate the error.

     msgrcv() will fail if:

     [EINVAL]           msqid is not a valid message queue identifier.

                        msgsz is less than 0.

     [E2BIG]            A matching message was received, but its size was
                        greater than msgsz and the MSG_NOERROR flag was not
                        set in msgflg.

     [EACCES]           The calling process does not have read access to the
                        message queue.

     [EFAULT]           msgp points to an invalid address.

     [EINTR]            The system call was interrupted by the delivery of a

     [ENOMSG]           There is no message of the requested type available on
                        the message queue, and IPC_NOWAIT is set in msgflg.

     [EIDRM]            The message queue was removed while msgrcv() was wait-
                        ing for a message of the requested type to become
                        available on it.

     msgctl(2), msgget(2), msgsnd(2)

     Message queues appeared in AT&T System V Release 1 UNIX.

BSD                            November 15, 2014                           BSD