MSGRCV(2) BSD System Calls Manual MSGRCV(2)
msgrcv -- receive a message from a message queue
msgrcv(int msqid, void *msgp, size_t msgsz, long msgtyp, int msgflg);
The msgrcv() function receives a message from the message queue specified
in msqid, and places it into the structure pointed to by msgp. This
structure should consist of the following members:
long mtype; /* message type */
char mtext; /* body of message */
mtype is an integer greater than 0 that can be used for selecting mes-
sages, mtext is an array of bytes, with a size up to that of the system
The value of msgtyp has one of the following meanings:
o msgtyp is greater than 0. The first message of type msgtyp will be
o msgtyp is equal to 0. The first message on the queue will be
o msgtyp is less than 0. The first message of the lowest message type
that is less than or equal to the absolute value of msgtyp will be
msgsz specifies the maximum length of the requested message. If the
received message has a length greater than msgsz it will be silently
truncated if the MSG_NOERROR flag is set in msgflg, otherwise an error
will be returned.
If no matching message is present on the message queue specified by
msqid, the behavior of msgrcv() depends on whether the IPC_NOWAIT flag is
set in msgflg or not. If IPC_NOWAIT is set, msgrcv() will immediately
return a value of -1, and set errno to EAGAIN. If IPC_NOWAIT is not set,
the calling process will be blocked until:
o A message of the requested type becomes available on the message
o The message queue is removed, in which case -1 will be returned, and
errno set to EINVAL.
o A signal is received and caught. -1 is returned, and errno set to
If a message is successfully received, the data structure associated with
msqid is updated as follows:
o msg_cbytes is decremented by the size of the message.
o msg_lrpid is set to the pid of the caller.
o msg_lrtime is set to the current time.
o msg_qnum is decremented by 1.
Upon successful completion, msgrcv() returns the number of bytes received
into the mtext field of the structure pointed to by msgp. Otherwise, -1
is returned, and errno set to indicate the error.
msgrcv() will fail if:
[EINVAL] msqid is not a valid message queue identifier.
msgsz is less than 0.
[E2BIG] A matching message was received, but its size was
greater than msgsz and the MSG_NOERROR flag was not
set in msgflg.
[EACCES] The calling process does not have read access to the
[EFAULT] msgp points to an invalid address.
[EINTR] The system call was interrupted by the delivery of a
[ENOMSG] There is no message of the requested type available on
the message queue, and IPC_NOWAIT is set in msgflg.
[EIDRM] The message queue was removed while msgrcv() was wait-
ing for a message of the requested type to become
available on it.
msgctl(2), msgget(2), msgsnd(2)
Message queues appeared in AT&T System V Release 1 UNIX.
BSD April 29, 2017 BSD