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 mq_open(2)							  mq_open(2)

      mq_open - create/open a message queue

      #include <&lt&lt&lt;sys/mqueue.h>&gt&gt&gt;

      mqd_t mq_open(const char *name,
		    int oflag, ...
		     * [mode_t mode, struct mq_attr]

      The ANSI C ", ..." construct specifies a variable length argument list
      whose optional members are given in the associated comment (/*  */).

      The mq_open() system call establishes a connection between a process
      and a message queue.  It returns a new message queue descriptor which
      is used by other message queue system calls to refer to that queue.

      The name argument points to the message queue name, and must conform
      to the rules listed in Message Queue Naming Convention.

      The oflag argument is the bitwise inclusive OR of the flags listed in
      Read-Write Flags, and General Flags below.

      The new message queue descriptor returned, remains open across the
      fork() system call and is inherited by the child process.

    Read-Write Flags
      The value of oflag must be composed by taking the inclusive OR of
      exactly one of the following flags:

	   O_RDONLY	  Open for receiving only.

	   O_WRONLY	  Open for sending only.

	   O_RDWR	  Open for sending and receiving.

    General Flags
      Any combination of the following flags may also be used in setting the
      value of oflag.

	   O_CREAT	  This flag must be used to create a message queue,
			  and it uses two additional arguments: mode which
			  is of type mode_t, and attr which is a pointer to
			  a mq_attr structure. If a message queue with name,
			  name, exists, this flag has no effect, except as
			  noted under O_EXCL.  Otherwise a new message queue

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 mq_open(2)							  mq_open(2)

			  is created. The user ID of the queue will be set
			  to the effective user ID of the process, and the
			  group ID of the queue will be set to the effective
			  group ID of the process. The "file permission
			  bits" will be set to the value of mode.  If attr
			  is NULL, the message queue is created with default
			  attributes - MQ_MAXMSG and MQ_MSGSIZE (defined in
			  sys/mqueue.h) If attr is non-NULL and the message
			  queue mq_maxmsg and mq_msgsize attributes are set
			  to the values of the corresponding members in the
			  mq_attr structure referred to by attr.

	   O_EXCL	  If O_EXCL and O_CREAT are set in oflag and the
			  named message queue exists, mq_open() will fail.
			  The O_CREAT flag is ignored if O_CREAT is not set
			  in oflag.

	   O_NONBLOCK	  This flag is used to specify the blocking status
			  of the message queue descriptor and determines
			  whether a mq_send() or a mq_receive() will wait
			  for resources or messages respectively, that are
			  not currently available, or fail with errno set to

    Message Queue Naming Convention
      A valid message queue name string, must conform to pathname
      construction rules. In addition it must also meet the following

	   a.	Begin with a slash character.

	   b.	Contain no pathname component consisting of a dot or dot-
		dot; e.g., /./tmp and /../tmp.

	   c.	Contain no illegal characters.

	   d.	Contain no pathname components longer that _POSIX_NAME_MAX.

	   e.	Entire name should not be longer that _POSIX_PATH_MAX.

      mq_open() returns the following values:

	   n	Successful completion. n is a message queue descriptor for
		the opened message queue and is greater than or equal to 0.

	   -1	Failure. errno is set to indicate the error.

      If mq_open() fails, errno is set to one of the following values:

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 mq_open(2)							  mq_open(2)

	   [EACCES]	  The message queue exists and the permissions
			  specified by oflag are denied, or the message
			  queue does not exist and permission to create the
			  queue is denied.

	   [EEXIST]	  The O_CREAT and O_EXCL flags are set in oflag and
			  the named message queue exists.

	   [EINTR]	  mq_open() was interrupted by a signal.

	   [EINVAL]	  The argument name, does not conform to the Message
			  Queue Naming Convention.

			  O_CREAT has been specified in oflag, the value of
			  attr is not NULL, and either mq_maxmsg or
			  mq_msgsize is less than or equal to zero.

	   [EMFILE]	  Too many message queue descriptors are currently
			  in use by this process.

	   [ENAMETOOLONG] The length of the name string exceeds PATH_MAX
			  bytes, or the length or a (pathname) component of
			  the name string exceeds NAME_MAX bytes while
			  _POSIX_NO_TRUNC is in effect.

	   [ENFILE]	  Too many message queues are currently open in the

	   [ENOENT]	  The O_CREAT flag is not set in oflag and the named
			  message queue does not exist.

	   [ENOSPC]	  There are insufficient resources for the creation
			  of the new message queue.

	   [ENOSYS]	  mq_open() is not supported by the implementation.

      mq_close(2), mq_unlink(2), mq_send(2), mq_receive(2), mq_setattr(2),

      mq_open(): POSIX 1003.1b

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 3 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000