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 getpid(2)							   getpid(2)




 NAME
      getpid(), getpgid(), getpgrp(), getpgrp2(), getppid() - get process,
      process group and parent process ID.

 SYNOPSIS
      #include <&lt&lt&lt;unistd.h>&gt&gt&gt;

      pid_t getpgid (pid_t pid);

      pid_t getpgrp(void);

      pid_t getpgrp2(pid_t pid);

      pid_t getpid(void);

      pid_t getppid(void);

 DESCRIPTION
      These functions return process, process group and parent process IDs,
      as follows:

	   getpgid()	       Process group ID of the specified process.
			       If pid is zero, the call applies to the
			       calling process.	 Same result as getpgrp2().

	   getpgrp()	       Process group ID of the calling process.

	   getpgrp2()	       Process group ID of the specified process.
			       If pid is zero, the call applies to the
			       calling process.	 Same result as getpgid().

	   getpid()	       Process ID of the calling process.

	   getppid()	       Parent process ID of the calling process.

 RETURN VALUE
      The functions return the following values:

	    n	Successful completion.	n is a nonnegative process ID, as
		described above.
	   -1	Failure: getpgid() and getgrp2() only.	errno is set to
		indicate the error.

 ERRORS
      If getpgid() or getpgrp2() fails, errno is set to one of the following
      values:

	   [EPERM]	  The current process and pid are not in the same
			  session (see setsid(2)).





 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 getpid(2)							   getpid(2)




	   [ESRCH]	  No process can be found corresponding to that
			  specified by pid.

 AUTHOR
      getpid(), getppid(), getpgrp(), and getpgrp2() were developed by HP,
      AT&T, and the University of California, Berkeley.

 SEE ALSO
      exec(2), fork(2), setpgid(2), setsid(2), signal(5).

 STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
      getpid(): AES, SVID2, SVID3, XPG2, XPG3, XPG4, FIPS 151-2, POSIX.1

      getpgrp(): AES, SVID2, SVID3, XPG2, XPG3, XPG4, FIPS 151-2, POSIX.1

      getppid(): AES, SVID2, SVID3, XPG2, XPG3, XPG4, FIPS 151-2, POSIX.1






































 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000