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BIND(2)                     BSD System Calls Manual                    BIND(2)

NAME
     bind -- bind a name to a socket

SYNOPSIS
     #include <&lt;sys/types.h>&gt;
     #include <&lt;sys/socket.h>&gt;

     int
     bind(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, int namelen);

DESCRIPTION
     Bind() assigns a name to an unnamed socket.  When a socket is created
     with socket(2) it exists in a name space (address family) but has no name
     assigned.  Bind() requests that name be assigned to the socket.

NOTES
     Binding a name in the UNIX domain creates a socket in the file system
     that must be deleted by the caller when it is no longer needed (using
     unlink(2)).

     The rules used in name binding vary between communication domains.  Con-
     sult the manual entries in section 4 for detailed information.

RETURN VALUES
     If the bind is successful, a 0 value is returned.  A return value of -1
     indicates an error, which is further specified in the global errno.

ERRORS
     The bind() call will fail if:

     [EBADF]            S is not a valid descriptor.

     [ENOTSOCK]         S is not a socket.

     [EADDRNOTAVAIL]    The specified address is not available from the local
                        machine.

     [EADDRINUSE]       The specified address is already in use.

     [EINVAL]           The socket is already bound to an address.

     [EACCES]           The requested address is protected, and the current
                        user has inadequate permission to access it.

     [EFAULT]           The name parameter is not in a valid part of the user
                        address space.

     The following errors are specific to binding names in the UNIX domain.

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} charac-
                        ters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} char-
                        acters.

     [ENOENT]           A prefix component of the path name does not exist.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
                        ing the pathname.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry
                        or allocating the inode.

     [EROFS]            The name would reside on a read-only file system.

     [EISDIR]           An empty pathname was specified.

SEE ALSO
     connect(2), listen(2), socket(2), getsockname(2)

HISTORY
     The bind() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution        June 4, 1993        4.2 Berkeley Distribution