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System Calls                                       _lwp_create(2)

     _lwp_create - create a new light-weight process

     #include <sys/lwp.h>

     int _lwp_create(ucontext_t *contextp, uint_t flags,  lwpid_t

     The _lwp_create() function adds a lightweight process  (LWP)
     to  the current process. The contextp argument specifies the
     initial signal mask, stack, and machine  context  (including
     the  program counter and stack pointer) for the new LWP. The
     new LWP inherits the scheduling class and  priority  of  the

     If _lwp_create() is successful and new_lwp is not NULL,  the
     ID  of  the  new LWP is stored in the location pointed to by

     The flags argument specifies additional attributes  for  the
     new  LWP.  The  value in flags is constructed by the bitwise
     inclusive OR operation of the following values:

           The LWP is created detached.

           The LWP is created as a daemon LWP.

           The LWP is created suspended.

     If LWP_DETACHED or LWP_DAEMON is specified, then the LWP  is
     created  in the detached state. Otherwise the LWP is created
     in the undetached state. The ID (and system resources) asso-
     ciated  with  a  detached LWP can be automatically reclaimed
     when the LWP exits. The ID of an undetached  LWP  cannot  be
     reclaimed  until  it  exits and another LWP has reported its
     termination by way of _lwp_wait(2).  This allows the waiting
     LWP  to determine that the waited for LWP has terminated and
     to reclaim any process resources that it was using.

     If LWP_DAEMON  is  specified,  then  in  addition  to  being
     created  in the detached state, the LWP is created as a dae-
     mon LWP. Daemon LWPs do not interfere with the  exit  condi-
     tions  for a process. A process will exit as though _exit(0)
     had  been  called  when  the  last  non-daemon   LWP   calls
     _lwp_exit()  (see  exit(2)  and _lwp_exit(2)).  Also, an LWP
     that is waiting in _lwp_wait(2) for  any  LWP  to  terminate
     will  return  EDEADLK when all remaining LWPs in the process

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 29 Jan 2003                    1

System Calls                                       _lwp_create(2)

     are either daemon LWPs or other LWPs waiting in _lwp_wait().

     If LWP_SUSPENDED is specified, then the LWP is created in  a
     suspended state. This allows the creator to change the LWP's
     inherited  attributes  before  it  starts  to  execute.  The
     suspended    LWP   can   only   be   resumed   by   way   of
     _lwp_continue(2). If LWP_SUSPENDED is not specified the  LWP
     can begin to run immediately after it has been created.

     Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. A non-zero  value
     indicates an error.

     If  any  of   the   following   conditions   are   detected,
     _lwp_create() fails and returns the corresponding value:

           Either the context parameter or the new_lwp  parameter
           point to invalid addresses.

           A system limit is exceeded,  (for  example,  too  many
           LWPs were created for this real user ID).

           The flags argument contains values  other  than  those
           specified above.

     Example 1: How a stack is allocated to a new LWP.

     This example shows how a stack is allocated to  a  new  LWP.
     The  _lwp_makecontext()  function is used to set up the con-
     text parameter so that the new LWP begins executing a  func-

     contextp = (ucontext_t *)malloc(sizeof(ucontext_t));
     stackbase = malloc(stacksize);
     _lwp_makecontext(contextp, func, arg, private, stackbase, stacksize);
     sigprocmask(SIGSETMASK, NULL, &contextp->uc_sigmask);
     error = _lwp_create(contextp, NULL, &new_lwp);

     Applications should use bound threads rather than the _lwp_*
     functions  (see   thr_create(3THR)). Using  LWPs directly is
     not advised because libraries are  only  safe  to  use  with
     threads, not LWPs.

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 29 Jan 2003                    2

System Calls                                       _lwp_create(2)

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Interface Stability         | Obsolete                    |
    | MT-Level                    | Async-Signal-Safe           |

     _lwp_cond_timedwait(2),  _lwp_continue(2),   _lwp_detach(2),
     _lwp_exit(2),  _lwp_makecontext(2),  _lwp_wait(2), alarm(2),
     exit(2),      poll(2),       signal(3HEAD),       sleep(3C),
     thr_create(3THR),  ucontext(3HEAD), attributes(5)

     The _lwp_create() function is obsolete and will  be  removed
     in a future release.

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 29 Jan 2003                    3