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 vipw(1M)							    vipw(1M)




 NAME
      vipw - edit the password file

 SYNOPSIS
      vipw

 DESCRIPTION
      vipw edits the password file while setting the appropriate locks, and
      does any necessary processing after the password file is unlocked.  If
      the password file is already being edited, you will be told to try
      again later.  The vi editor is used unless the environment variable
      EDITOR indicates an alternate editor.

      vipw performs a number of consistency checks on the password entry for
      root, and does not allow a password file with an incorrectly formatted
      root entry to be installed.  To help reduce the possibility of leaving
      the system in an unbootable state, root's entry is not considered
      properly formatted if it has a user id that is not zero, or if it has
      a shell other than /sbin/sh, /usr/bin/csh, /usr/bin/ksh, or
      /usr/bin/sh.

      Please refer to passwd(4) and the Managing Systems and Workgroups
      manual for further details of password file format.

 WARNINGS
      An /etc/ptmp file not removed when a system crashes prevents further
      editing of the /etc/passwd file using vipw after the system is
      rebooted.	 /etc/ptmp is the standard lock used by all commands which
      knowingly modify /etc/passwd.

      Successful execution of vipw is not sufficient for proper system
      operation.  To help maintain consistency with other system databases,
      editing of the password file with vipw is generally discouraged.
      Please use sam, useradd, usermod, userdel, chfn, chsh or passwd to
      edit /etc/passwd.

 AUTHOR
      vipw was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.

 FILES
      /etc/ptmp

 SEE ALSO
      passwd(1), sam(1M), useradd(1M), usermod(1M), userdel(1M), chfn(1),
      chsh(1), passwd(4).









 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000