Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (HP-UX-11.11)
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

 shutdown(1M)							shutdown(1M)

      shutdown - terminate all processing

      /sbin/shutdown [-h|-r] [-y] [-o] [grace]

      /sbin/shutdown -R [-H] [-y] [-o] [grace]

      The shutdown command is part of the HP-UX system operation procedures.
      Its primary function is to terminate all currently running processes
      in an orderly and cautious manner.  shutdown can be used to put the
      system in single-user mode for administrative purposes such as backup
      or file system consistency checks (see fsck(1M)), to halt or reboot
      the system, or to make the partition ready for reconfig.	By default,
      shutdown is an interactive program.

    Options and Arguments
      shutdown recognizes the following options and arguments.

	   -h	     Shut down the system and halt.

	   -r	     Shut down the system and reboot automatically.

	   -R	     Shut down the system to a ready to reconfig state and
		     reboot automatically.  This option is available only on
		     systems that support hardware partitions.

	   -H	     Shut down the system to a ready to reconfig state and
		     do not reboot. This option can be used only in
		     combination with the -R option. This option is
		     available only on systems that support hardware

	   -y	     Do not require any interactive responses from the user.
		     (Respond yes or no as appropriate to all questions,
		     such that the user does not interact with the shutdown

	   -o	     When executed on the cluster server in a diskless
		     cluster environment, shutdown the server only and do
		     not reboot clients.  If this argument is not entered
		     the default behavior is to reboot all clients when the
		     server is shutdown.

	   grace     Either a decimal integer that specifies the duration in
		     seconds of a grace period for users to log off before
		     the system shuts down, or the word now.  The default is
		     60.  If grace is either 0 or now, shutdown runs more
		     quickly, giving users very little time to log out.

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 shutdown(1M)							shutdown(1M)

      If -r (reboot) or -h (halt) or -R (reconfig) are not specified,
      standalone and server systems are placed in single-user state.  Either
      -r (reboot) or -h (halt) must be specified for a client; shutdown to
      single-user state is not allowed for a client.  See dcnodes(1M),

    Shutdown Procedure
      shutdown goes through the following steps:

	   +  The PATH environment variable is reset to

	   +  The IFS environment variable is reset to space, tab, newline.

	   +  The user is checked for authorization to execute the shutdown
	      command.	Only authorized users can execute the shutdown
	      command.	See FILES for more information on the
	      /etc/shutdown.allow authorization file.

	   +  The current working directory is changed to the root directory

	   +  All file systems' super blocks are updated; see sync(1M).
	      This must be done before rebooting the system to ensure file
	      system integrity.

	   +  The real user ID is set to that of the superuser.

	   +  A broadcast message is sent to all users currently logged in
	      on the system telling them to log out.  The administrator can
	      specify a message at this time; otherwise, a standard warning
	      message is displayed.

	   +  The next step depends on whether a system is standalone, a
	      server, or a client.

	      +	 If the system is standalone, /sbin/rc is executed to shut
		 down subsystems, unmount file systems, and perform other
		 tasks to bring the system to run level 0.

	      +	 If the system is a server, the optional -o argument is used
		 to determine if all clients in the cluster should also be
		 rebooted. The default behavior (command line parameter -o
		 is not entered) is to reboot all clients using
		 /sbin/reboot; entering -o results in the server only being
		 rebooted and the clients being left alone.  Then /sbin/rc
		 is executed to shut down subsystems, unmount file systems,
		 and perform other tasks to bring the system to run level 0.

	      +	 If the system is a client, /sbin/rc is executed to bring
		 the system down to run-level 2, and then /sbin/reboot is

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 shutdown(1M)							shutdown(1M)

		 executed.  Shutdown to the single-user state is not an
		 allowed option for clients.

	   +  The system is rebooted, halted, or put in the ready to
	      reconfig state by executing /sbin/reboot if the -h or -r or -R
	      option was chosen.  If the system was not a cluster client and
	      the system was being brought down to single-user state, a
	      signal is sent to the init process to change states (see

      device busy

	   This is the most commonly encountered error diagnostic, and
	   happens when a particular file system could not be unmounted; see

      user not allowed to shut down this system

	   User is not authorized to shut down the system.  User and system
	   must both be included in the authorization file

      Immediately reboot the system and run HP-UX again:

	   shutdown -r 0

      Halt the system in 5 minutes (300 seconds) with no interactive
      questions and answers:

	   shutdown -h -y 300

      Go to run-level s in 10 minutes:

	   shutdown 600

      Immediately shut down a partition so that it can be deleted:

	   shutdown -R -H 0

      Reboot a partition in 5 minutes so that new cells that have been
      assigned to the partition become active:

	   shutdown -R 300

      The user name compared with the entry in the shutdown.allow file is
      obtained using getlogin() or, if that fails, using getpwuid() (see
      getlogin(3C) and getpwent(3C)).

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 3 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 shutdown(1M)							shutdown(1M)

      The hostname in /etc/shutdown.allow is compared with the hostname
      obtained using gethostbyname() (see gethostent(3N)).

      shutdown must be executed from a directory on the root volume, such as
      the / directory.

      The maximum broadcast message that can be sent is approximately 970

      When executing shutdown on an NFS diskless cluster server and the -o
      option is not entered, clients of the server will be rebooted.  No
      clients should be individually rebooted or shutdown while the cluster
      is being shutdown.


		Authorization file.

		The file contains lines that consist of a system host name
		and the login name of a user who is authorized to reboot or
		halt the system.  A superuser's login name must be included
		in this file in order to execute shutdown.  However, if the
		file is missing or of zero length, the root user can run the
		shutdown program to bring the system down.

		This file does not affect authorization to bring the system
		down to single-user state for maintenance purposes; that
		operation is permitted only when invoked by a superuser.

		A comment character, #, at the beginning of a line causes
		the rest of the line to be ignored (comments cannot span
		multiple lines without additional comment characters).
		Blank lines are also ignored.

		The wildcard character + can be used in place of a host name
		or a user name to specify all hosts or all users,
		respectively (see hosts.equiv(4)).

		For example:

		     # user1 can shut down systemA and systemB
		     systemA user1
		     systemB user1
		     # root can shut down any system
		     + root
		     # Any user can shut down systemC
		     systemC  +

      dcnodes(1M), fsck(1M), init(1M), killall(1M), mount(1M), reboot(1M),

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 4 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 shutdown(1M)							shutdown(1M)

      sync(1M), dcnodes(3X), gethostent(3N), getpwent(3C), hosts.equiv(4).

      For more information about shutdowns and reboots on Superdome systems,
      see the manual, Managing Superdome Complexes: A Guide for System
      Administrators available on the web at docs.hp.com.

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 5 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000