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 ripquery(1M)							ripquery(1M)

      ripquery - query RIP gateways

      ripquery [-1] [-2] [-[a5] authkey] [-n] [-N dest[/mask]] [-p] [-r] [-v]
	   [-w time] gateway ...

      ripquery is used to request all routes known by a RIP gateway by
      sending a RIP request or POLL command. The routing information in any
      routing packets returned is displayed numerically and symbolically.
      ripquery is intended to be used as a tool for debugging gateways, not
      for network management. SNMP is the preferred protocol for network

      ripquery by default uses the RIP POLL command, which is an
      undocumented extension to the RIP specification supported by routed on
      SunOS 3.x and later and by gated 1.4 and later.  The RIP POLL command
      is preferred over the RIP REQUEST command because it is not subject to
      Split Horizon and/or Poisoned Reverse. See the RIP RFC for more

      -1	     Send the query as a version 1 packet.

      -2	     Send the query as a version 2 packet (default).

      -[a5]authkey   Specifies the authentication password to use for
		     queries. If -a specified, an authentication type of
		     SIMPLE will be used, if -5 is specified, an
		     authentication type of MD5 will be used; otherwise the
		     default is an authentication type of NONE.
		     Authentication fields in incoming packets will be
		     displayed, but not validated.

      -n	     Prevents the address of the responding host from being
		     looked up to determine the symbolic name.

      -N dest[/mask] Specifies that the query should be for the specified
		     dest/mask instead of complete routing table. The
		     specification of the optional mask implies a version 2
		     query. Up to 23 requests about specific destinations
		     may be include in one packet.

      -p	     Uses the RIP POLL command to request information from
		     the routing table. This is the default, but is an
		     undocumented extension supported only by some versions
		     of unOS 3.x and later versions of gated.  If there is
		     no response to the RIP POLL command, the RIP REQUEST
		     command is tried.	gated responds to a POLL command
		     with all the routes learned via RIP.

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 ripquery(1M)							ripquery(1M)

      -r	     Used the RIP REQUEST command to request information
		     from the gateway's routing table. Unlike the RIP POLL
		     command, all gateways should support the RIP REQUEST.
		     If there is no response to the RIP REQUEST command, the
		     RIP POLL command is tried.	 gated responds to a REQUEST
		     command with all the routes he announces out the
		     specified interface. Due to limitations in the UDP
		     interface, on systems based on BSD 4.3 Reno or earlier,
		     REQUESTs respond about the interface used to route
		     packets back to the sender. This can be avoided by
		     running ripquery on the host being queried.

      -v	     Version information about ripquery is displayed before
		     querying the gateways.

      -w time	     Specifies the time in seconds to wait for the initial
		     response from a gateway. The default value is 5

      Jeffrey C Honig.

      gated(1M), gdc(1M), ospf_monitor(1M), GateD Documentation, GateD
      Configuration Guide.

      Some versions of Unix do not allow looking up the symbolic name of a

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000