ripquery - query RIP gateways
ripquery [-1] [-2] [-[a5] authkey] [-n] [-N dest[/mask]] [-p] [-r] [-v]
[-w time] gateway ...
ripquery is used to request all routes known by a RIP gateway by
sending a RIP request or POLL command. The routing information in any
routing packets returned is displayed numerically and symbolically.
ripquery is intended to be used as a tool for debugging gateways, not
for network management. SNMP is the preferred protocol for network
ripquery by default uses the RIP POLL command, which is an
undocumented extension to the RIP specification supported by routed on
SunOS 3.x and later and by gated 1.4 and later. The RIP POLL command
is preferred over the RIP REQUEST command because it is not subject to
Split Horizon and/or Poisoned Reverse. See the RIP RFC for more
-1 Send the query as a version 1 packet.
-2 Send the query as a version 2 packet (default).
-[a5]authkey Specifies the authentication password to use for
queries. If -a specified, an authentication type of
SIMPLE will be used, if -5 is specified, an
authentication type of MD5 will be used; otherwise the
default is an authentication type of NONE.
Authentication fields in incoming packets will be
displayed, but not validated.
-n Prevents the address of the responding host from being
looked up to determine the symbolic name.
-N dest[/mask] Specifies that the query should be for the specified
dest/mask instead of complete routing table. The
specification of the optional mask implies a version 2
query. Up to 23 requests about specific destinations
may be include in one packet.
-p Uses the RIP POLL command to request information from
the routing table. This is the default, but is an
undocumented extension supported only by some versions
of unOS 3.x and later versions of gated. If there is
no response to the RIP POLL command, the RIP REQUEST
command is tried. gated responds to a POLL command
with all the routes learned via RIP.
Hewlett-Packard Company - 1 - HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000
-r Used the RIP REQUEST command to request information
from the gateway's routing table. Unlike the RIP POLL
command, all gateways should support the RIP REQUEST.
If there is no response to the RIP REQUEST command, the
RIP POLL command is tried. gated responds to a REQUEST
command with all the routes he announces out the
specified interface. Due to limitations in the UDP
interface, on systems based on BSD 4.3 Reno or earlier,
REQUESTs respond about the interface used to route
packets back to the sender. This can be avoided by
running ripquery on the host being queried.
-v Version information about ripquery is displayed before
querying the gateways.
-w time Specifies the time in seconds to wait for the initial
response from a gateway. The default value is 5
Jeffrey C Honig.
gated(1M), gdc(1M), ospf_monitor(1M), GateD Documentation, GateD
Some versions of Unix do not allow looking up the symbolic name of a
Hewlett-Packard Company - 2 - HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000