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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




 NAME
      insf - install special (device) files

 SYNOPSIS
      /sbin/insf

      /sbin/insf [-C class | -d driver] [-D directory] [-e] [-H hw-path]
	   [-I instance] [-n npty] [-q|-v] [-s nstrpty]
	   [-p first-optical-disk:last-optical-disk]

 DESCRIPTION
      The insf command installs special files in the devices directory,
      normally /dev.  If required, insf creates any subdirectories that are
      defined for the resulting special file.

      If no options are specified, special files are created for all new
      devices in the system.  New devices are those devices for which no
      special files have been previously created.  A subset of the new
      devices can be selected with the -C, -d, and -H options.

      With the -e option, insf reinstalls the special files for pseudo-
      drivers and existing devices.  This is useful for restoring special
      files when one or more have been removed.

      Normally, insf displays a message as the special files are installed
      for each driver.	The -q (quiet) option suppresses the installation
      message.	The -v (verbose) option displays the installation message
      and the name of each special file as it is created.

    Options
      insf recognizes the following options.

	   -C class	  Match devices that belong to a given device class,
			  class.  Device classes can be listed with the
			  lsdev command (see lsdev(1M)).  They are defined
			  in the files in the directory /usr/conf/master.d.
			  The special class pseudo includes all pseudo-
			  drivers.  This option cannot be used with -d.

	   -d driver	  Match devices that are controlled by the specified
			  device driver, driver.  Device drivers can be
			  listed with the lsdev command (see lsdev(1M)).
			  They are defined in the files in the directory
			  /usr/conf/master.d.  This option cannot be used
			  with -C.

	   -D directory	  Override the default device installation directory
			  /dev and install the special files in directory
			  instead.  directory must exist; otherwise, insf
			  displays an error message and exits.	See
			  WARNINGS.



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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   -e		  Reinstall the special files for pseudo-drivers and
			  existing devices.  This is useful for restoring
			  special files if one or more have been removed.

	   -H hw-path	  Match devices at a given hardware path, hw-path.
			  Hardware paths can be listed with the ioscan
			  command (see ioscan(1M)).  A hardware path
			  specifies the addresses of the hardware components
			  leading to a device.	It consists of a string of
			  numbers separated by periods (.), such as 52 (a
			  card), 52.3 (a target address), and 52.3.0 (a
			  device).  If a hardware component is a bus
			  converter, the following period, if any, is
			  replaced by a slash (/) as in 2, 2/3, and 2/3.0.

			  If the specified path contains fewer numbers than
			  are necessary to reach a device, special files are
			  made for all devices at addresses that extend the
			  given path.  If the specified path is 56, then
			  special files are made for the devices at
			  addresses 56.0, 56.1, 56.2, etc.

	   -I instance	  Match a device with the specified instance number.
			  Instances can be listed with the -f option of the
			  ioscan command (see ioscan(1M)).

			  This option is effective only if the -e option is
			  specified or if an appropriate device class or
			  driver is specified with a -C or -d option.

	   -n npty	  Install npty special files for each specified ptym
			  and ptys driver.  The pty driver specifies both
			  the ptym and ptys drivers.  npty is a decimal
			  number.

			  This option is effective only if the -e option is
			  specified or if an appropriate device class or
			  driver is specified with a -C or -d option.

			  If this option is omitted, npty defaults to 60 for
			  the ptym and ptys drivers.

	   -p first-optical-disk:last-optical-disk
			  Install the special files for those optical disks
			  located in slots in the range first-optical-disk
			  to last-optical-disk.	 The two variables can have
			  values from the set 1a, 1b, ..., 32a, 32b.  This
			  option only applies to the autox0 and schgr
			  drivers.  If it is omitted, the 64 special files
			  for both sides of 32 optical disks (1a through
			  32b) will be installed.



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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   -q		  Quiet option.	 Normally, insf displays a message
			  as each driver is processed.	This option
			  suppresses the driver message, but not error
			  messages.  See the -v option.

	   -s nstrpty	  Install nstrpty slave-side stream special files
			  for the pts driver.  nstrpty is a decimal number.
			  This option only applies to the pts special file
			  installation.

			  This option is effective only if the -e option is
			  specified or if an appropriate device class or
			  driver is specified with a -C or -d option.

			  If this option is omitted, nstrpty defaults to 60.

	   -v		  Verbose option.  In addition to the normal
			  processing message, display the name of each
			  special file as it is created.  See the -q option.

    Naming Conventions
      Many special files are named using the ccardttargetddevice naming
      convention.  These variables have the following meaning wherever they
      are used.

	   card	     The unique interface card identification number from
		     ioscan (see ioscan(1M)).  It is represented as a
		     decimal number with a typical range of 0 to 255.

	   target    The device target number, for example the address on a
		     HP-FL or SCSI bus.	 It is represented as a decimal
		     number with a typical range of 0 to 15.

	   device    A address unit within a device, for example, the unit
		     in a HP-FL device or the LUN in a SCSI device.  It is
		     represented as a decimal number with a typical range of
		     0 to 15.

    Special Files
      This subsection shows which special files are created and the
      permissions for each device driver.

      The special file names are relative to the installation directory,
      normally /dev.  This directory may be overridden with the -D option.

      insf sets the file permissions and the owner and group IDs.  They are
      shown here in a format similar to that of the ll command:

		      special-file	  permissions owner group





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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




      For example:

		      tty		  rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      Device Driver Special Files and Description

      arp  The following special file is installed:

	   arp		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      asio0
	   For the built-in serial port, the following special files are
	   installed for each card instance:

	   ttycardp0	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       Direct connect

      asio0
	   For the SAS console ports, the following special files are
	   installed for each card instance:

	   ttycardp0	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       local console port (direct connect)

	   ttycardp1	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       remote session port (direct connect)

	   sassy	       rw------- root sys
			       internal console port (direct connect)

	   ttycard+1p0	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       UPS port (direct connect)

	   ttycard+1p1	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       local session port (direct connect)

      asyncdsk
	   The following special file is installed:

	   asyncdsk	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      audio
	   The following special files are installed.  Note the underscore
	   (_) before card in each special file name.

	   For card 0, the device files are linked to files without the
	   trailing _0 in their names.

	   audio_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Default audio device




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   audioCtl_card       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Audio control device

	   audioBA_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       All outputs, A-law format

	   audioBL_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       All outputs, 16-bit linear format

	   audioBU_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       All outputs, Mu-law format

	   audioEA_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       External output, A-law format

	   audioEL_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       External output, 16-bit linear format

	   audioEU_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       External output, Mu-law format

	   audioIA_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Internal speaker output, A-law format

	   audioIL_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Internal speaker output, 16-bit linear format

	   audioIU_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Internal speaker output, Mu-law format

	   audioLA_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Line output, A-law format

	   audioLL_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Line output, 16 bit linear format

	   audioLU_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Line output, Mu-law format

	   audioNA_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       No output, A-law format

	   audioNL_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       No output, 16 bit linear format

	   audioNU_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       No output, Mu-law format

      autox0 schgr
	   Special file names for autox0 and schgr use the format:




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   ccardttargetd device_surface

	   surface: 1a through 32b, unless modified by the -p option.  Note
	   the underscore (_) between device and surface.

	   For each autochanger device, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   ac/ccardttargetddevice_surface     rw-r----- bin sys
					      Block entry

	   rac/ccardttargetddevice_surface    rw-r----- bin sys
					      Character entry

	   rac/ccardttargetddevice	      rw------- bin sys
					      Character entry

      beep The following special file is installed:

	   beep		       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      CentIf
	   For each card instance, the following special file is installed.

	   ccardttargetddevice_lp	 rw-rw-rw- lp bin
					 Handshake mode 2, character entry

      consp1
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   ttycardp0	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       Direct connect

      cn   The following special files are installed:

	   syscon	       rw--w--w- bin bin

	   systty	       rw--w--w- bin bin

	   console	       rw--w--w- root sys

	   ttyconf	       rw------- root sys

      devconfig
	   The following special file is installed:

	   config	       rw-r----- root sys

      diag0
	   The following special file is installed:



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	   diag/diag0	       rw------- bin bin

      diag1
	   The following special file is installed:

	   diag/diag1	       rw------- bin bin

      diag2
	   The following special files are installed:

	   diag2	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/diag2	       rw------- bin bin

      disc3 sdisk
	   For each disk device, the following special files are installed:

	   dsk/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Block entry

	   rdsk/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Character entry

					      For disc3 instances, the
					      following additional special
					      files are installed:

	   floppy/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Block entry

	   rfloppy/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Character entry

      dlpi The following special files are installed:

	   dlpi		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

	   dlpi0	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

	   dlpi1	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

	   dlpi2	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

	   dlpi3	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

	   dlpi4	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      dmem The following special file is installed:

	   dmem		       rw------- bin bin




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




      echo The following special file is installed:

	   echo		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      eisa_mux0 pci_mux0
	   For each instance of an EISA mux or PCI mux card, the following
	   "Direct Connect" special files are created.	The term "card"
	   below refers to the instance number of the mux card.

	   ttycardport_moduleport
			       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       letter: a to p, port module name
			       port: 1 to 16, direct connect

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard_1      rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard_2      rw------- bin bin

      fddi The following special file is installed:

	   lancard	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      framebuf
	   For each graphics device, the following special files are
	   installed.

	   crtdevice_number    rw-rw-rw- bin bin

	   ocrtdevice_number   rw-rw-rw- bin bin

	   device_number is 0 indexed and is assigned in the order in which
	   the devices appear in ioscan(1M) output.

	   If the console device is a graphics device, the files crt and
	   ocrt are created as the console device.  If the console is not a
	   graphics device, crt and ocrt are identical to crt0 and ocrt0.

      hil  For each device, the following special files are installed.	Note
	   the underscore (_) before card in each special file name.

	   For card 0, the device files are linked to files named hiladdr
	   for the link addresses 1 to 7; hilkbd for the cooked keyboard
	   device; and rhil for the hil controller device.

	   hil_card.addr       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       addr: link addresses 1 to 7




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   hilkbd_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

	   rhil_card	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      inet_clts
	   The following special file is installed:

	   inet_clts	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      inet_cots
	   The following special file is installed:

	   inet_cots	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      ip   The following special file is installed:

	   ip		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      kepd The following special file is installed:

	   kepd		       rw-r--r-- root other

      klog The following special file is installed:

	   klog		       rw------- bin bin

      lan0 lan1 lan2 lan3
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   lancard	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

	   ethercard	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

	   diag/lancard	       rw------- bin bin

      lantty0
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   lanttycard			 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 Normal access

	   diag/lanttycard		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 Exclusive access

      lpr2 lpr3
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:





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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   ccardttargetddevice_lp	      rw------- lp bin

	   diag/ccardttargetddevice_lp	      rw------- bin bin

      mm   The following special files are installed:

	   mem		       rw-r----- bin sys
			       Minor 0

	   kmem		       rw-r----- bin sys
			       Minor 1

	   null		       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Minor 2

      mux0 For each instance of a 6-channel card, the following special
	   files are installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 to 5, direct connect

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

			       For each instance of a 16-channel card, the
			       following special files are installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 to 15, direct connect

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

      mux2 For each instance of an 16-channel card, the following special
	   files are installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 to 15, direct connect

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

			       For each card instance of an 8-channel card,
			       the following special files are installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 to 7, direct connect




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

			       For each card instance of an 3-channel card,
			       the following special files are installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0, 1, and 7, direct connect

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

      mux4 For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 and 1, direct connect

      netqa
	   The following special file is installed:

	   netqa	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      nuls The following special file is installed:

	   nuls		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      pci_mux0
	   The following "Direct Connect" special files are created.  The
	   term "card" below refers to the instance number of the mux card.

	   ttycardport_moduleport
			       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port_module: a to p, port module name
			       port: 1 to 16, port number

	   muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard	       rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard_1      rw------- bin bin

	   diag/muxcard_2      rw------- bin bin

      pflop sflop
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:





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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   floppy/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Block entry

	   rfloppy/ccardttargetddevice	      rw-r----- bin sys
					      Character entry

      ps2  The following special files are installed:

	   ps2kbd	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Autosearch for first ps2 keyboard

	   ps2mouse	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       Autosearch for first ps2 mouse

	   ps2_0	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       ps2 port 0

	   ps2_1	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin
			       ps2 port 1

      ptm  The following special file is installed:

	   ptmx		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      pts  The following special files are installed:

	   pts/number	       rw-rw-rw- root sys
			       number: 0 to 59

      pty  Specifying this driver tells insf to install the special files
	   for both the master and slave pty drivers, ptym and ptys.  The
	   command insf -d pty is equivalent to the two commands insf -d
	   ptym and insf -d ptys.

      ptym The following special files are installed:

	   ptym/clone			 rw-r--r-- root other

	   ptym/ptyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 0 to f (hexadecimal)

					 The first 48 special files
					 ptym/pty* are linked to pty*.

	   ptym/ptyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 00 to 99

	   ptym/ptyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 000 to 999

      ptys The following special files are installed:

	   pty/ttyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 0 to f (hexadecimal)

					 The first 48 special files pty/tty*
					 are linked to tty*.

	   pty/ttyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 00 to 99

	   pty/ttyindexnumber		 rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					 index: p to z, a to c, e to o;
					 number: 000 to 999

      rawip
	   The following special file is installed:

	   rawip	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      root The following special files are installed:

	   root		       rw-r----- bin sys

	   rroot	       rw-r----- bin sys

      sad  The following special file is installed:

	   sad		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      sastty
	   For each card instance, the following special files are
	   installed:

	   ttycardpport	       rw--w--w- bin bin
			       port: 0 to 1, direct connect

      schgr
	   See autox0.

      sdisk
	   See disc3.

      sflop
	   See pflop.




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




      stape tape2
	   For each driver instance, different special files are installed
	   depending on the number of characters allowed in the target
	   directory.  There are two lists below, one for long file name
	   directories and one for short file name directories (14
	   characters maximum).	 Short file names are used for files
	   installed on an NFS file system.

	   Note that the first four special files in each list for tape
	   driver instances 0-9 are also linked to rmt/instancem,
	   rmt/instancemb, rmt/instancemn, and rmt/instancemnb,
	   respectively.

	   For installation in a long file name directory:

	   rmt/ccardttargetddeviceBEST	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      AT&T-style, best available
					      density, character entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddeviceBESTb	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      Berkeley-style, best available
					      density, character entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddeviceBESTn	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      AT&T-style, no rewind, best
					      available density, character
					      entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddeviceBESTnb      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      Berkeley-style, no rewind,
					      best available density,
					      character entry

	   For installation in a short file name directory:

	   rmt/ccardttargetddevicef0	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      AT&T-style, best available
					      density, character entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddevicef0b	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      Berkeley-style, best available
					      density, character entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddevicef0n	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      AT&T-style, no rewind, best
					      available density, character
					      entry

	   rmt/ccardttargetddevicef0nb	      rw-rw-rw- bin bin
					      Berkeley-style, no rewind,
					      best available density,



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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




					      character entry

	   For both long and short file name directories, the following
	   additional files are created.

	   rmt/driver_name_config	      rw-r--r-- bin bin
					      Tape configuration, character
					      entry

	   diag/rmt/ccardttargetddevice	      rw------- bin bin
					      For tape2 only, diagnostic
					      access, character entry

      stcpmap
	   The following special file is installed:

	   stcpmap	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      strlog
	   The following special file is installed:

	   strlog	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      sy   The following special file is installed:

	   tty		       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      tape2
	   See stape.

      tcp  The following special file is installed:

	   tcp		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      telm The following special file is installed:

	   telnetm	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      tels The following special files are installed:

	   pts/tnumber	       rw-rw-rw- root sys
			       number: 0 to 59

      tlclts
	   The following special file is installed:

	   tlclts	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      tlcots
	   The following special file is installed:




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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




	   tlcots	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      tlcotsod
	   The following special file is installed:

	   tlcotsod	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      token2
	   The following special file is installed:

	   lancard	       rw-rw-rw- bin bin

      udp  The following special file is installed:

	   udp		       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      unix_clts
	   The following special file is installed:

	   unix_clts	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

      unix_cots
	   The following special file is installed:

	   unix_cots	       rw-rw-rw- root sys

 RETURN VALUE
      insf exits with one of the following values:

	   0	Successful completion, including warning diagnostics.
	   1	Failure.

 DIAGNOSTICS
      Most diagnostic messages from insf are self-explanatory.	Listed below
      are some messages deserving further clarification.

    Warnings
      Device driver name is not in the kernel
      Device class name is not in the kernel

	   The indicated device driver or device class is not present in the
	   kernel.  A device driver and/or device class can be added to the
	   kernel using config(1M).

      No instance number available for device class name

	   All of the instance numbers available for the device class are
	   already assigned.  Use the rmsf command to remove any unneeded
	   devices from the system (see rmsf(1M)).





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 insf(1M)							    insf(1M)




      Don't know how to handle driver name - no special files created for
      path

	   insf does not know how to create special files for the specified
	   device driver.  Use mknod to create special files for the device
	   (see mknod(1M)).

 EXAMPLES
      Install special files for all new devices belonging to the tty device
      class:

	   insf -C tty

      Install special files to the new device added at hardware path
      2/4.0.0:

	   insf -H 2/4.0.0

 WARNINGS
      insf should only be run in single-user mode.  It can change the mode,
      owner, or group of an existing special file, or unlink and recreate
      one; special files that are currently open may be left in an
      indeterminate state.

      Many commands and subsystems assume their device files are in /dev,
      therefore the use of the -D option is discouraged.

 AUTHOR
      insf was developed by HP.

 FILES
      /dev/config		    I/O system special file

      /etc/ioconfig		    I/O system configuration database

 SEE ALSO
      config(1M), ioscan(1M), lsdev(1M), lssf(1M), mknod(1M), mksf(1M),
      rmsf(1M).
















 Hewlett-Packard Company	   - 17 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000