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 gated(1M)							   gated(1M)

      gated - gateway routing daemon

      gated [-b buffer_size] [-c] [-C] [-n] [-N] [-ttrace_options] [-f
      config_file] [trace_file]

      gated is a routing daemon that handles multiple routing protocols and
      replaces routed, egpup, and any routing daemon that speaks the HELLO
      routing protocol.	 gated currently handles the RIP, BGP, EGP, HELLO,
      and OSPF routing protocols.  The gated process can be configured to
      perform all routing protocols or any subset of them (see WARNINGS

      The command-line options are:

	   -b buffer_size
		       Specifies a buffer size for the socket read/write
		       buffer. The buffer size should not be less than one
		       MB (megabyte) and should not exceed the available
		       system memory. If this option is not specified, the
		       buffer size will be set to the available system

	   -c	       Specifies that the configuration file will be parsed
		       for syntax errors and then gated will exit.  gated
		       will leave a dump file in /var/tmp/gated_dump if
		       there were no errors.  gated does not need to be run
		       as the superuser to use the -c option but it may not
		       be possible to read the kernel forwarding table and
		       interface configuration if not run as superuser.	 The
		       -c option implies -tgeneral.  All trace_option
		       clauses in the configuration file will be ignored.

	   -C	       Specifies that the configuration file will just be
		       parsed for syntax errors.  gated will exit with a
		       status 1 if there were any errors and 0 (zero) if
		       there were not.	gated does not need to be run as the
		       superuser to use the -C option but it may not be
		       possible to read the kernel forwarding table and
		       interface configuration if not run as the superuser.

	   -n	       Specifies that gated will not modify the kernel
		       forwarding table.  This is used for testing gated
		       configurations with actual routing data.

	   -N	       Specifies that gated will not daemonize.	 Normally,
		       if tracing to stderr is not specified gated will
		       daemonize if the parent process ID is not 1.  This

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 gated(1M)							   gated(1M)

		       allows the use of an /etc/inittab-like method of
		       invoking gated that does not have a PID of 1.

		       Specifies a comma separated list of trace options to
		       be enabled on startup.  If no flags are specified,
		       general is assumed.  No space is allowed between this
		       option and it's arguments.

		       This option must be used to trace events that take
		       place before the configuration file is parsed, such
		       as determining the interface configuration and
		       reading routes from the kernel.

		       See the GateD Configuration Guide for valid trace
		       options and a more detailed explanation of tracing.

	   -f config_file
		       Use an alternate config file.  By default, gated uses

	   trace_file  Trace file in which to place trace information.

		       If a trace file is specified on the command line, or
		       no trace flags are specified on the command line,
		       gated detaches from the terminal and runs in the
		       background.  If trace flags are specified without
		       specifying a trace file, gated assumes that tracing
		       is desired to stderr and remains in the foreground.

    Signal Processing
      The following signals may be used to control gated:

	   SIGHUP      Re-read configuration.  A SIGHUP causes gated to
		       reread the configuration file.  gated first performs
		       a clean-up of all allocated policy structures.  All
		       BGP and EGP peers are flagged for deletion and the
		       configuration file is re-parsed.

		       If the re-parse is successful, any BGP and EGP peers
		       that are no longer in the configuration are shut
		       down, and new peers are started.	 gated attempts to
		       determine if changes to existing peers require a
		       shutdown and restart.  OSPF is not capable of
		       reconfiguring; it is shutdown and restarted during a
		       reconfiguration. This may have an adverse impact on
		       the routing system.

		       It should also be possible to enable/disable any
		       protocol without restarting gated.

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 gated(1M)							   gated(1M)

	   SIGINT      Snap-shot of current state.

		       The current state of all gated tasks, timers,
		       protocols and tables are written to

		       On systems supporting fork(), this is done by forking
		       a subprocess to dump the table information so as not
		       to impact gated's routing functions.  On systems
		       where memory management does not support copy-on-
		       write, this will cause the gated address space to be
		       duplicated; this may cause a noticeable impact on the
		       system.	On system not supporting fork(), the main
		       process immediately processes the dump, which may
		       impact gated's routing functions.

	   SIGTERM     Graceful shutdown.

		       On receipt of a SIGTERM, gated attempts a graceful
		       shutdown.  All tasks and protocols are asked to
		       shutdown.  Most will terminate immediately, the
		       exception being EGP peers which wait for
		       confirmation.  It may be necessary to repeat the
		       SIGTERM once or twice if it this process takes too

		       All protocol routes are removed from the kernel's
		       routing table on receipt of a SIGTERM.  Interface
		       routes, routes with RTF_STATIC set (from the route
		       command where supported) and static routes specifying
		       retain will remain.  To terminate gated with the
		       exterior routes intact, use SIGKILL.

	   SIGUSR1     Toggle tracing.

		       On receipt of a SIGUSR1, gated will close the trace
		       file.  A subsequent SIGUSR1 will cause it to be
		       reopened.  This will allow the file to be moved

		       It is not possible to use SIGUSR1 if a trace file has
		       not been specified, or tracing is being performed to

	   SIGUSR2     Check for interface changes.

		       On receipt of a SIGUSR2, gated will rescan the kernel
		       interface list looking for changes.

      gated contains provisions for BGP protocol, but it is not officially

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 gated(1M)							   gated(1M)

      supported by HP at the present time.  Some RIP version 2 features
      (RFC1388) are not currently supported: MIB and route tag.	 The
      optional OSPF version 2 (RFC1247) feature of TOS (type of service)
      based routing is not supported.	The route aggregation, generating a
      more general route from compressing the specific routes through the
      explicit configuration, is not supported in this release.

      gated was primarily developed by Cornell University which includes
      code from the Regents of the University of California and the
      University of Maryland.

      This software and associated documentation is Copyright 1990, 1991,
      1992 by Cornell University.

      gated.conf(4), arp(1M), fork(2), gdc(1M), ifconfig(1M), netstat(1),
      ospf_monitor(1M), ripquery(1M), GateD Documentation, GateD
      Configuration Guide.

      RFC 891	     DCN Local-Network Protocols (HELLO)
      RFC 904	     Exterior Gateway Protocol Formal Specification
      RFC 1058	     Routing Information Protocol
      RFC 1163	     A Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
      RFC 1164	     Application of the Border Gateway Protocol in the
      RFC 1247	     OSPF Specification, Version 2.

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