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 fuser(1M)							   fuser(1M)

      fuser - list processes using a file or file structure

      /usr/sbin/fuser [-c|-f] [-ku] file ... [[-] [-c|-f] [-ku] file ...] ...

      The fuser command lists the process IDs of processes that have each
      specified file open.  For block special devices, all processes using
      any file on that device are listed.  The process ID can be followed by
      a letter, identifying how the file is being used.

	   c	file is its current directory.

	   r	file is its root directory, as set up by the chroot command
		(see chroot(1M)).

	   o	It has file open.

	   m	It has file memory mapped.

	   t	file is its text file.

      You can specify the following options:

	   -c	Display the use of a mount point and any file beneath that
		mount point.  Each file must be a file system mount point.

	   -f	Display the use of the named file only, not the files
		beneath it if it is a mounted file system.

	   -u	Display the login user name in parentheses following each
		process ID.

	   -k	Send the SIGKILL signal to each process using each file.

      You can re-specify options between groups of files.  The new set of
      options replaces the old set.  A dash (-) by itself cancels all
      options currently in force.

      The process IDs associated with each file are printed to standard
      output as a single line separated by spaces and terminated with a
      single newline.  All other output - the file name, the letter, and the
      user name - is written to standard error.

      You must be superuser to use fuser.

      You can use fuser with NFS file systems or files.	 If the file name is
      in the format used in /etc/mnttab to identify an NFS file system,

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000

 fuser(1M)							   fuser(1M)

      fuser will treat the NFS file system as a block special device and
      identify any process using that file system.

      If contact with an NFS file system is lost, fuser will fail, since
      contact is required to obtain the file system identification.  Once
      the NFS file system is re-contacted, stale file handles from the
      previous contact can be identified, provided that the NFS file system
      has the same file system identification.

      Terminate all processes that are preventing disk drive 1 from being
      unmounted, listing the process ID and login name of each process being

	   fuser -ku /dev/dsk/c201d1s?

      List process IDs and login names of processes that have the password
      file open.

	   fuser -u /etc/passwd

      Combine both the above examples into a single command line.

	   fuser -ku /dev/dsk/c201d1s? - -u /etc/passwd

      If the device /dev/dsk/c201d1s7 is mounted on directory /home, list
      the process IDs and login names of processes using the device.
      Alternately, if /home is the mount point for an NFS file system, list
      process IDs and login names of  processes using that NFS file system.

	   fuser -cu /home

      If machine1:/filesystem/2mount is an NFS file system, list all
      processes using any file on that file system.  If it is not an NFS
      file system, treat it as a regular file.

	   fuser machine1:/filesystem/2mount

      ps(1), mount(1M), kill(2), signal(2).

      fuser: SVID2, SVID3

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000