tset, reset - terminal-dependent initialization
tset [options] [-m [ident] [test baudrate] :type] ... [type]
tset sets up the terminal when logging in on an HP-UX system. It does
terminal-dependent processing, such as setting erase and kill
characters, setting or resetting delays, and sending any sequences
needed to properly initialize the terminal. It first determines the
type of terminal involved, then does the necessary initializations and
mode settings. The type of terminal attached to each HP-UX port is
specified in the /etc/ttytype data base. Type names for terminals can
be found in the files under the /usr/share/lib/terminfo directory (see
terminfo(4)). If a port is not wired permanently to a specific
terminal (not hardwired), it is given an appropriate generic
identifier, such as dialup.
reset performs a similar function, setting the terminal to a sensible
In the case where no arguments are specified, tset simply reads the
terminal type out of the environment variable TERM and re-initializes
the terminal. The rest of this manual entry concerns itself with mode
and environment initialization, typically done once at login, and
options used at initialization time to determine the terminal type and
set up terminal modes.
When used in a startup script (.profile for sh(1), or .login for
csh(1) users) it is desirable to give information about the type of
terminal that will normally be used on ports that are not hardwired.
These ports are identified in /etc/ttytype as dialup or plugboard,
etc. To specify what terminal type you usually use on these ports,
the -m (map) option flag is followed by the appropriate port type
identifier, an optional baud rate specification, and the terminal
type. (The effect is to "map" from some conditions to a terminal
type; that is, to tell tset that ``If I am on this kind of port, I
will probably be on this kind of terminal''.) If more than one mapping
is specified, the first applicable mapping prevails. A missing port
type identifier matches all identifiers. A baudrate is specified as
with stty (see stty(1)), and is compared with the speed of the
diagnostic output (which should be the control terminal). The baud
rate test can be any combination of >>>>, =, <<<<, @, and !. @ is a synonym
for =, and ! inverts the sense of the test. To avoid problems with
metacharacters, it is best to place the entire argument to -m within
single quotes; users of csh(1) must also put a \ before any ! used.
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tset -m 'dialup>>>>300:2622' -m 'dialup:2624' -m 'plugboard:?2623'
causes the terminal type to be set to an HP 2622 if the port in use is
a dialup at a speed greater than 300 baud, or to an HP 2624 if the
port is otherwise a dialup (i.e. at 300 baud or less). If the type
finally determined by tset begins with a question mark, the user is
asked for verification that the type indicated is really the one
desired. A null response means to use that type; otherwise, another
type can be entered. Thus, in the above case, if the user is on a
plugboard port, he or she will be asked whether or not he or she is
actually using an HP 2623.
If no mapping applies and a final type option, not preceded by a -m,
is given on the command line, that type is used. Otherwise, the
identifier found in the /etc/ttytype data base is taken to be the
terminal type. The latter should always be the case for hardwired
It is usually desirable to return the terminal type, as finally
determined by tset, and information about the terminal's capabilities
to a shell's environment. This can be done using the -s option. From
sh(1), the command:
eval `tset -s options...`
or using the C shell, (csh(1)):
set noglob; eval `tset -s options...`
These commands cause tset to generate as output a sequence of shell
commands which place the variable TERM in the environment; see
Once the terminal type is known, tset engages in terminal mode
setting. This normally involves sending an initialization sequence to
the terminal, setting the single character erase (and optionally the
full line erase or line-kill) characters, and setting special
character delays. Tab and new-line expansion are turned off during
transmission of the terminal initialization sequence.
On terminals that can backspace but not overstrike (such as a CRT),
and when the erase character is the default erase character (# on
standard systems), the erase character is changed to Back space (^H).
tset recognizes the following options:
-ec Set the erase character to be the named character c; c
defaults to ^H (BACKSPACE). The character c can either
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be typed directly, or entered using circumflex notation
used here (e.g., the circumflex notation for control-H is
^H; in sh(1) the ^ character should be escaped (\^)).
-kc Set the kill character to c. The default c is ^X. If c
is not specified, the kill character remains unchanged
unless the original value of the kill character is null,
In which case the kill character is set to @.
- Report terminal type. Whatever type is decided on is
reported. If no other flags are given, the only effect
is to write the terminal type on the standard output.
Has no effect if used with -s.
-s Generate appropriate commands (depending on current SHELL
environment variable) to set TERM.
-I Suppress transmitting terminal initialization strings.
-Q Suppress printing the Erase set to and Kill set to
-A Ask the user for the TERM type.
-S Output the strings that would be assigned to TERM in the
environment rather than generating commands for a shell.
In sh(1), the following is an alternate way of setting
set -- `tset -S ...`
-h Force a read of /etc/ttytype. When -h is not specified,
the terminal type is determined by reading the
environment unless some mapping is specified.
For compatibility with earlier versions of tset, the following flags
are accepted, but their use is discouraged:
-r Report to the user in addition to other flags.
-Ec Set the erase character to c only if the terminal can
backspace. c defaults to ^H.
In addition to capabilities described in terminfo (see termio(7) and
terminfo(4)), the following boolean terminfo capabilities are
understood by tset and reset, and can be included in the terminfo
database for the purpose of terminal setup:
UC ``Uppercase'' mode sets character mapping for terminals
that support only uppercase characters. Equivalent to
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LC ``Lowercase'' mode permits input and output of lowercase
characters. Equivalent to stty -lcase.
EP Set ``even parity''. Equivalent to stty parenb -parodd
OP Set ``odd parity''. Equivalent to stty parenb parodd.
NL Set ``new line'' mode. Equivalent to stty onlret.
HD Set ``half-duplex'' mode. Equivalent to stty -echo.
pt Set ``print tabs'' mode. Equivalent to stty tabs.
These examples all assume the sh(1). Note that a typical use of tset
in a .profile also uses the -e and -k options, and often the -m or -Q
options as well. These options have been omitted here to keep the
Assume, for the moment, that you are on an HP2622. This is suitable
for typing by hand but not for a .profile unless you are always on a
export TERM; TERM=`tset - 2622`
Assume you have an HP2623 at home which you dial up on, but your
office terminal is hardwired and known in /etc/ttytype.
export TERM; TERM=`tset - -m dialup:2623`
Suppose you are accessing the system through a switching network that
can connect any system to any incoming modem line in an arbitrary
combination, making it nearly impossible to key on what port you are
coming in on. Your office terminal is an HP2622, and your home
terminal is an HP2623 running at 1200 baud on dial-up switch ports.
Sometimes you use someone else's terminal at work, so you want it to
verify what terminal type you have at high speeds, but at 1200 baud
you are always on a 2623. Note the placement of the question mark and
the quotes to protect the >>>> and ? from interpretation by the shell.
export TERM; TERM=`tset - -m 'switch>>>>1200:?2622' -m
All of the above entries fall back on the terminal type specified in
/etc/ttytype if none of the conditions hold. The following entry is
appropriate if you always dial up, always at the same baud rate, on
many different kinds of terminals. Your most common terminal is an
HP2622. It always asks you what kind of terminal you are on,
defaulting to 2622.
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export TERM; TERM=`tset - ?2622`
If the file /etc/ttytype is not properly installed and you want to key
entirely on the baud rate, the following can be used:
export TERM; TERM=`tset - -m '>>>>1200:2624' 2622`
SHELL if csh, generate csh commands; otherwise generate sh(1)
TERM the (canonical) terminal name.
tset was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.
/etc/ttytype port-name to terminal-type
mapping data base;
/usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/* terminal information data
csh(1), sh(1), stty(1), ttytype(4), environ(5).
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