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TRACE(1)                    General Commands Manual                   TRACE(1)

       trace - trace system calls and signals

       trace [ -ct ] [ -o filename ]  command

       trace [ -ct ] [ -o filename ] -p pid

       trace  runs  the  specified  command until it exits.  It intercepts the
       system calls and signals of a process.  The name of  the  system  call,
       its arguments and result are listed on the standard output.

       Each  line  in the trace contains the system call name, followed by its
       arguments in parentheses and its result.  Error returns (result  =  -1)
       have the error name and error message appended.  Signals are printed as
       a signal name followed by the signal  number.   Arguments  are  printed
       according  to their type.  Structure pointers are always printed as hex
       addresses.  Character pointers are dereferenced and printed as a quoted
       string.   Non-printing  characters in strings are represented by escape
       codes.  Only the first 32 bytes of strings are printed; longer  strings
       have two dots appended following the closing quote.

              The quick brown fox jumps over t ..

       Strings  with more than 50% non-printing characters are assumed to con-
       tain binary data and are represented by a null string followed  by  two


       -c          Print  a  quick  summary  of system call and signal counts,
                   instead of printing a full trace.

       -t          Prefix each line of the trace with the time of day.

       -o filename Write the trace output to the file filename rather than  to
                   the standard output.

       -p pid      Attach  to  the  process  with the process ID pid and begin
                   tracing.  The trace may be terminated at any time by a key-
                   board  interrupt  signal  (CTRL-C);  trace  will respond by
                   detaching itself from the traced process leaving it to con-
                   tinue running.

       example% trace date
       gettimeofday (0x21474, 0x2147c) = 0
       gettimeofday (0x21474, 0) = 0
       gettimeofday (0xefffc78, 0x214ac) = 0
       ioctl (1, 0x40067408, 0xefffa10) = -1 ENOTTY (Inappropriate ioctl for device)
       fstat (1, 0xefffa30) = 0
       getpagesize () = 8192
       brk (0x27640) = 0
       close (0) = 0
       Thu Dec  4 14:16:36 PST 1986
       write (1, "Thu Dec  4 14:16:36 PST 1986\n", 29) = 29
       close (1) = 0
       close (2) = 0
       exit (0) = ?


       A process that has a system call trace applied to it with the -p option
       will receive a SIGSTOP.  This signal may interrupt a system  call  that
       is  not  restartable.   This  may  have  an unpredictable effect on the
       process if the process takes no action to restart the system call.

       Programs that use the setuid bit do not have effective user  ID  privi-
       leges while being traced.

       Child processes of a traced process are not traced.

       A traced process ignores SIGSTOP.

       A traced process runs slowly.

                                 8 August 1989                        TRACE(1)