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 strings(1)							  strings(1)




 NAME
      strings - find the printable strings in an object or other binary file

 SYNOPSIS
      strings [-a] [-t format] [-n number] [file] ...

    Obsolescent
      strings [-a] [-o] [-number] [file] ...

 DESCRIPTION
      strings looks for ASCII strings in a file.  If no file is specified,
      standard input is used.  A string is any sequence of four or more
      printing characters ending with a newline or null character.

      strings is useful for identifying random object files and many other
      things.

    Options
      strings recognizes the following options:

	   -a		  By default, strings looks only in the initialized
			  data space of object files (as recognized by their
			  magic numbers).  If this flag is used, the entire
			  file is inspected.  This flag is always set if
			  standard input is being read or the file is not
			  recognized as an object file.	 For backward
			  compatibility, - is understood as a synonym for -
			  a.

	   -t format	  Write each string preceded by its byte offset from
			  the start of the file.  The format is dependent on
			  the single character used as the format option-
			  argument:

			       d    The offset is written in decimal.

			       o    The offset is written in octal.

			       x    The offset is written in hexadecimal.

	   -n number	  Specify number as the minimum string length,
			  rather than the default 4.

	   -o		  Each string is preceded by its offset in the file
			  (in octal).  This option is obsolescent and is
			  equivalent to specifying the -t o option.

	   -number	  Specify number as the minimum string length,
			  rather than the default 4.  This option is
			  obsolescent and is equivalent to using the -n
			  number option.



 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 strings(1)							  strings(1)




 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES
    Environment Variables
      LC_CTYPE determines the locale for the interpretation of text as
      single- and/or multi-byte characters.

      LC_MESSAGES determines the language in which messages are displayed.

      If LC_CTYPE or LC_MESSAGES is not specified in the environment or is
      set to the empty string, the value of LANG is used as a default for
      each unspecified or empty variable.  If LANG is not specified or is
      set to the empty string, a default of "C" (see lang(5)) is used
      instead of LANG.

      NLSPATH Determine the location of message catalogues for the
      processing of LC_MESSAGES.

      If any internationalization variable contains an invalid setting,
      strings behaves as if all internationalization variables are set to
      "C".  See environ(5).

 WARNINGS
      The algorithm for identifying strings is extremely primitive.

 AUTHOR
      strings was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.

 SEE ALSO
      od(1).

 STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
      strings: XPG4, POSIX.2























 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000