unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (SunOS-4.1.3)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

SPELL(1)                    General Commands Manual                   SPELL(1)



NAME
       spell, hashmake, spellin, hashcheck - report spelling errors

SYNOPSIS
       spell  [  -blvx  ]  [  -d  hlist  ]  [  -h  spellhist  ] [ -s hstop ] [
       +local_file ] [ filename ] ...

       /usr/lib/spell/hashmake

       /usr/lib/spell/spellin n

       /usr/lib/spell/hashcheck spelling_list

DESCRIPTION
       spell collects words from the named files,  and  looks  them  up  in  a
       hashed  spelling list.  Words that do not appear in the list, or cannot
       be derived from those that do appear by applying  certain  inflections,
       prefixes or suffixes, are displayed on the standard output.

       If  there  are no filename arguments, words to check are collected from
       the standard input.  spell ignores most troff(1),  tbl(1),  and  eqn(1)
       constructs.   Copies of all output words are accumulated in the history
       file,  and  a  stop  list  filters  out  misspellings   (for   example,
       their=thy-y+ier) that would otherwise pass.

       By  default,  spell  (like  deroff(1)) follows chains of included files
       (.so and .nx troff(1) requests), unless  the  names  of  such  included
       files begin with /usr/lib.

       If  a  +local_file argument is specified, words found in local_file are
       removed from spell's output.  local_file is the name of a user-provided
       file  that  contains  a  sorted list of words, one per line.  With this
       option, the user can specify a set of words that are correct  spellings
       (in addition to spell's own spelling list) for each job.

       The  standard  spelling  list  is based on many sources, and while more
       haphazard than an  ordinary  dictionary,  is  also  more  effective  in
       respect  to  proper names and popular technical words.  Coverage of the
       specialized vocabularies of biology, medicine and chemistry is light.

       Three programs help maintain and check the hash lists used by spell:

       hashmake    Reads a list of words from the standard  input  and  writes
                   the corresponding nine-digit hash code on the standard out-
                   put.

       spellin     Reads n hash codes from the standard  input  and  writes  a
                   compressed spelling list on the standard output.

       hashcheck   Reads  a  compressed  spelling_list and recreates the nine-
                   digit hash codes for all the words in it; it  writes  these
                   codes on the standard output.

OPTIONS
       -b          Check   British  spelling.   Besides  preferring  "centre",
                   "colour", "programme", "speciality",  "travelled",  and  so
                   on,  this  option insists upon -ise in words like standard-
                   ize, despite what Fowler and the OED say.

       -l          Follow the chains of all included files.

       -v          Print all words not literally in the spelling list, as well
                   as plausible derivations from spelling list words.

       -x          Print every plausible stem with `=' for each word.

       -d hlist    Use the file hlist as the hashed spelling list.

       -h spellhist
                   Place  misspelled  words  with  a  user/date  stamp in file
                   spellhist.

       -s hstop    Use hstop as the hashed stop list.

FILES
       /usr/lib/spell/hlist[ab]
                           hashed spelling lists, American & British
       /usr/lib/spell/hstop
                           hashed stop list
       /usr/lib/spell/spellhist
                           history file
       /usr/lib/spell/spellprog
                           program called by the /usr/bin/spell shell script

SEE ALSO
       deroff(1), sed(1V), sort(1V), tee(1)

BUGS
       The spelling list's coverage is uneven; new installations may  wish  to
       monitor the output for several months to gather local additions.

       British spelling was done by an American.

NOTES
       Misspelled  words  can  be  monitored by default by setting the H_SPELL
       variable in /usr/bin/spell to the name of a file  that  has  permission
       mode 666.

       spell works only on English words defined in the US ASCII codeset.



                                  8 June 1988                         SPELL(1)