Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (OSF1-V5.1-alpha)
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

show(1)								      show(1)


  show - show (list) messages (only available within the message handling
  system, mh)


  show [+folder] [msgs]	[-draft] [-[no]header] [-help] [-showproc program]
  [-noshowproc]	[options to showproc]


      Displays the draft message, or the current message in your +drafts
      folder, if you have one set up. You cannot give a	msgs argument when
      you use this option.


      Displays a one-line header before	the message. The header	consists of
      the name of the folder and the message number. This is the default
      behavior.	It can be suppressed with the -noheader	option.

      Prints a list of the valid options to this command.

  -showproc program [ options ]

      Specifies	an alternative program to list messages. The default is	to
      use the program defined by the showproc: entry in	the .mh_profile	file.
      You can give options to the showproc program at the command line.	These
      are passed directly to showproc by show. (If you specify an option that
      has a numerical value, leave no space between the	argument and the
      value. See RESTRICTIONS for more information.)

      If the -noshowproc option	is specified, /bin/cat is used instead of

      The MH command mhl can be	used as	a showproc to show messages in a more
      uniform format. See mhl(1) for more details.

      If you are going to use the same showproc	all the	time, it is advisable
      to specify it in your .mh_profile	file. See mh_profile(4)	for more

  The defaults for this	command	are as follows:

       +folder	defaults to the	current	folder
       msgs defaults to	the current message


  Use show to display the contents of the current message. You can specify
  alternative messages or folders by using the +folder or msgs arguments.

  If a folder is given,	it becomes the current folder. The last	message	shown
  becomes the current message.

  You can specify a number of messages or a range of messages using the	msgs
  argument. If you specify more	than one message, show prompts for a <RETURN>
  prior	to listing each	message.

  Typically, the messages are listed exactly as	they are, with no reformat-
  ting.	 A program named by the	showproc component in the .mh_profile file is
  invoked to do	the listing, and any options not recognized by show are
  passed along to that program.	 The default program is	more(1).

  By default, the show command use the more program to list each message, a
  page at a time. When the end of the page is reached, it waits	for a
  <RETURN> or a	space. If you press <RETURN>, show prints the next line. If
  you press the	space bar, it prints the next screen of	data. At the end of
  the message, show automatically returns you to the system prompt.  Press q
  to quit before the end of the	message.

  If the profile entry Unseen-Sequence:	is present and non-empty, then show
  will remove each of the messages shown from the sequences named by the pro-
  file entry.


  The -header option does not work when	msgs expands to	more than one mes-
  sage.	If the showproc	is mhl,	then this problem can be circumvented by
  referencing the messagename field in the mhl format file.

  The command show updates your	mail environment before	showing	the message.
  Hence	show may mark messages as seen before you actually see them. However,
  this is generally not	a problem, unless you are using	the unseen messages
  mechanism, and you interrupt show while it is	showing	unseen messages.

  If you use the showproc switch to specify an alternative viewer, leave no
  space	between	the options specified with the viewer and their	values.	For
  example, if you want to use the more command to scroll through messages 6
  through 10 in	your inbox folder, and you want	to pause every five lines,
  you would enter the following	command, where there is	no space between the
  option n and the value 5:

       % show +inbox 6-10 -showproc more -n5

  If there is space between the	option n and the value 5, the command inter-
  prets	5 as a message number to view.

  If your showprocviewer is mhl, then show uses	a built-in mhl:	it does	not
  actually run the mhl program.	Hence, if you define your own showproc,	do
  not call it mhl since	show will not run it.

  If more(1) is	your showproc (which is	the default), then avoid running show
  in the background with only its standard output piped	to another process.
  You should re-direct the diagnostic output of	show as	well

  For example, in the following	incorrect example, show	will go	into a tty
  input	state:

       % show |	print &&amp;

  For users of csh, the	correct	command	is:

       % show |&&amp; print &&amp;

  For users of sh, the correct command is:

       % show 2>&gt;&&amp;1 | print &&amp;


  Path:	To determine the user's	Mail directory

  Unseen-Sequence: To name sequences denoting unseen messages

  showproc: Program to show messages


   1.  In the first example, show displays the contents	of message 36 in the
       current folder:
	    % show 36

   2.  In the next example, the	pr(1) program is used to list the current
	    % show -showproc pr


      The user profile.


  more(1), mhl(1), next(1), pick(1), prev(1), scan(1)