roles(1) User Commands roles(1)
roles - print roles granted to a user
roles [ user ...]
The command roles prints on standard output the roles that you or the
optionally-specified user have been granted. Roles are special accounts
that correspond to a functional responsibility rather than to an actual
person (referred to as a normal user).
Each user may have zero or more roles. Roles have most of the
attributes of normal users and are identified like normal users in
passwd(4) and shadow(4). Each role must have an entry in the
user_attr(4) file that identifies it as a role. Roles can have their
own authorizations and profiles. See auths(1) and profiles(1).
Roles are not allowed to log into a system as a primary user. Instead,
a user must log in as him-- or herself and assume the role. The actions
of a role are attributable to the normal user. When auditing is
enabled, the audited events of the role contain the audit ID of the
original user who assumed the role.
A role may not assume itself or any other role. Roles are not hierar-
chical. However, rights profiles (see prof_attr(4)) are hierarchical
and can be used to achieve the same effect as hierarchical roles.
Roles must have valid passwords and one of the shells that interprets
profiles: either pfcsh, pfksh, or pfsh. See pfexec(1).
Role assumption may be performed using su(1M), rlogin(1), or some other
service that supports the PAM_RUSER variable. Successful assumption
requires knowledge of the role's password and membership in the role.
Role assignments are specified in user_attr(4).
Example 1: Sample output
The output of the roles command has the following form:
example% roles tester01 tester02
tester01 : admin
tester02 : secadmin, root
The following exit values are returned:
0 Successful completion.
1 An error occurred.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
tab() allbox; cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)|
lw(2.750000i). ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWcsu
auths(1), pfexec(1), profiles(1), rlogin(1), su(1M), getauuser-
nam(3BSM), auth_attr(4), passwd(4), prof_attr(4), shadow(4),
SunOS 5.10 14 Feb 2001 roles(1)