REFER(1) General Commands Manual REFER(1)
refer, lookbib - find and insert literature references in documents
refer [ option ] ...
lookbib [ file ] ...
Lookbib accepts keywords from the standard input and searches a biblio-
graphic data base for references that contain those keywords anywhere
in title, author, journal name, etc. Matching references are printed
on the standard output. Blank lines are taken as delimiters between
Refer is a preprocessor for nroff or troff(1) that finds and formats
references. The input files (standard input default) are copied to the
standard output, except for lines between .[ and .] command lines,
which are assumed to contain keywords as for lookbib, and are replaced
by information from the bibliographic data base. The user may avoid
the search, override fields from it, or add new fields. The reference
data, from whatever source, are assigned to a set of troff strings.
Macro packages such as ms(7) print the finished reference text from
these strings. A flag is placed in the text at the point of reference;
by default the references are indicated by numbers.
The following options are available:
-ar Reverse the first r author names (Jones, J. A. instead of J. A.
Jones). If r is omitted all author names are reversed.
-b Bare mode: do not put any flags in text (neither numbers nor
Capitalize (with CAPS SMALL CAPS) the fields whose key-letters
are in string.
-e Instead of leaving the references where encountered, accumulate
them until a sequence of the form
is encountered, and then write out all references collected so
far. Collapse references to the same source.
-kx Instead of numbering references, use labels as specified in a
reference data line beginning %x; by default x is L.
-lm,n Instead of numbering references, use labels made from the senior
author's last name and the year of publication. Only the first m
letters of the last name and the last n digits of the date are
used. If either m or ,n is omitted the entire name or date
respectively is used.
-p Take the next argument as a file of references to be searched.
The default file is searched last.
-n Do not search the default file.
Sort references by fields whose key-letters are in the keys
string; permute reference numbers in text accordingly. Implies
-e. The key-letters in keys may be followed by a number to indi-
cate how many such fields are used, with + taken as a very large
number. The default is AD which sorts on the senior author and
then date; to sort, for example, on all authors and then title
To use your own references, put them in the format described in
pubindex(1) They can be searched more rapidly by running pubindex(1) on
them before using refer; failure to index results in a linear search.
When refer is used with eqn, neqn or tbl, refer should be first, to
minimize the volume of data passed through pipes.
/usr/dict/papers directory of default publication lists and indexes
/usr/lib/refer directory of programs