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postmd(1)                        User Commands                       postmd(1)

       postmd - matrix display program for PostScript printers

       postmd   [-b num]  [-c num]  [-d dimen]  [-g list]  [-i list]  [-m num]
       [-n num] [-o list] [-p mode] [-w  window] [-x num] [-y num] [file...]


       The postmd filter reads a series of floating point numbers from  files,
       translates  them  into  a  PostScript  gray scale image, and writes the
       results on the standard output. In a typical application,  the  numbers
       might  be  the  elements of a large matrix, written in row major order,
       while the printed image could help locate patterns in the matrix. If no
       files  are  specified,  or if - is one of the input files, the standard
       input is read.

       The following options are supported:

       -b num          Packs the bitmap in the output file using num byte pat-
                       terns. A value of 0 turns off all packing of the output
                       file. By default, num is  6.

       -c num          Prints num copies of each page. By  default,  only  one
                       copy is printed.

       -d dimen        Sets  the default matrix dimensions for all input files
                       to dimen. The dimen string can  be  given  as  rows  or
                       rowsx  columns. If columns is omitted it will be set to
                       rows. By default, postmd assumes each matrix is  square
                       and  sets  the number of rows and columns to the square
                       root of the number of elements in each input file.

       -g list         list is a comma- or space-separated string of integers,
                       each  lying  between  0 and 255 inclusive, that assigns
                       PostScript gray scales to the regions of the real  line
                       selected  by  the  -i option. 255 corresponds to white,
                       and 0, to black. The postmd filter  assigns  a  default
                       gray  scale  that  omits white (that is, 255)  and gets
                       darker as the regions move from left to right along the
                       real line.

       -i list         list  is a comma-, space-, or slash(/)-separated string
                       of  N floating point numbers that  partition  the  real
                       line  into  2N+1  regions.  The  list  must be given in
                       increasing numerical order. The partitions are used  to
                       map  floating  point  numbers read from the input files
                       into gray scale integers that are either assigned auto-
                       matically  by  postmd or arbitrarily selected using the
                       -g option. The default interval list is  -1,0,1,  which
                       partions the real line into seven regions.

       -m num          Magnifies  each  logical  page by the factor num. Pages
                       are  scaled  uniformly  about  the  origin  which,   by
                       default,  is  located  at  the center of each page. The
                       default magnification is 1.0.

       -n num          Prints num logical pages on each piece of paper,  where
                       num can be any positive integer. By default, num is set
                       to  1.

       -o list         Prints pages whose numbers are given in the comma sepa-
                       rated  list.  The  list  contains  single numbers N and
                       ranges N1 - N2. A missing N1 means the lowest  numbered
                       page, a missing N2 means the highest. The page range is
                       an expression of logical  pages  rather  than  physical
                       sheets  of  paper. For example, if you are printing two
                       logical pages to a sheet, and you specified a range  of
                       4,  then  two  sheets  of paper would print, containing
                       four page layouts. If you specified  a  page  range  of
                       3-4, when requesting two logical pages to a sheet; then
                       only page 3 and page 4 layouts would  print,  and  they
                       would appear on one physical sheet of paper.

       -p mode         Prints files in either portrait or landscape mode. Only
                       the first character of mode is significant. The default
                       mode is portrait.

       -w window       window is a comma- or space-separated list of four pos-
                       itive integers that select the  upper  left  and  lower
                       right  corners  of  a  submatrix from each of the input
                       files. Row and column indices start at 1 in  the  upper
                       left  corner  and  the  numbers  in the input files are
                       assumed to be written in row major order.  By  default,
                       the entire matrix is displayed.

       -x num          Translates  the  origin num inches along the positive x
                       axis. The default  coordinate  system  has  the  origin
                       fixed at the center of the page, with positive x to the
                       right and positive y up the page.  Positive  num  moves
                       everything right. The default offset is  0 inches.

       -y  num         Translates  the  origin num inches along the positive y
                       axis. Positive num moves everything up  the  page.  The
                       default offset is  0.

       Only  one  matrix  is  displayed  on each logical page, and each of the
       input files must contain complete descriptions of exactly  one  matrix.
       Matrix elements are floating point numbers  arranged in row major order
       in each input file. White space, including newlines,  is  not  used  to
       determine  matrix dimensions. By default, postmd assumes each matrix is
       square and sets the number of rows and columns to the  square  root  of
       the  number of elements in the input file. Supplying default dimensions
       on the command line with the -d option overrides this default behavior,
       and in that case the dimensions apply to all input files.

       An  optional header can be supplied with each input file and is used to
       set the matrix dimensions,  the partition of the real line,   the  gray
       scale  map,  and  a window into the matrix. The header consists of key-
       word/value pairs, each on a separate line. It begins on the first  line
       of  each  input file and ends with the first unrecognized string, which
       should be the first matrix element.  Values  set  in  the  header  take
       precedence,   but  apply  only  to  the  current input file. Recognized
       header keywords are dimension, interval,  grayscale,  and  window.  The
       syntax of the value string that follows each keyword  parallels what is
       accepted by the -d, -i, -g, and -w options.

       Example 1: Generating an interval list

       For example, suppose file initially contains  the  1000  numbers  in  a
       20x50  matrix. Then you can produce exactly the same output by complet-
       ing three steps.

       1.  First, issue the following command line:

           example% postmd -d20x50 -i"-100 100" -g0,128,254,128,0 file

       2.  Second, prepend the following header to file:

           example% postmd -d20x50 -i"-100 100" -g0,128,254,128,0 file

       3.  Third, issue the following command line:

           example% postmd file

       The interval list partitions the real line into five  regions  and  the
       gray  scale list maps numbers less than -100 or greater than 100 into 0
       (that is, black),  numbers equal to -100 or 100 into 128 (that  is,  50
       percent  black),  and  numbers  between -100 and 100 into 254 (that is,
       almost white).



       The following exit values are returned:

       0               Successful completion.

       non-zero        An error occurred.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab()    allbox;    cw(2.750000i)|     cw(2.750000i)     lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).  ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWpsf

       dpost(1),  postdaisy(1),  postdmd(1),  postio(1), postprint(1), postre-
       verse(1), posttek(1), attributes(5)

       The largest matrix that can be adequately displayed is  a  function  of
       the  interval  and  gray  scale  lists, the printer resolution, and the
       paper size. A 600 by 600 matrix is an optimistic upper bound for a  two
       element  interval  list  (that  is,  five regions) using 8.5 by 11 inch
       paper on a 300 dpi printer.

       Using white (that is, 255) in a gray scale list  is not recommended and
       won't  show  up in  the legend and bar graph that postmd displays below
       each image.

SunOS 5.10                        9 Sep 1996                         postmd(1)